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Past Exam for PHIL 321 - Social Ethics with Hinman at University of San Diego (USD)

Exam Information

Material Type:Exam 2
Professor:Hinman
Class:PHIL 321 - Social Ethics
Subject:Philosophy
University:University of San Diego
Term:Spring 2009
Keywords:
  • Utilitarianism
  • Rule Utilitarianism
  • Consequences
  • Peter Singer
  • Particularly
  • Utilitarian
  • Intrinsic Value
  • In/on/at a Place
  • Immediately
  • Instrumental Value
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Sample Document Text

Utilitarianism Phil. 321: Social Ethics Spring 2009 Lawrence M. Hinman Co-Director, Center for Ethics in Science & Technology Professor of Philosophy University of San Diego 2/3/2009 Lawrence M. Hinman 1 Overview 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Fundamental Tenets of Utilitarianism Standards of Utility/History of Utilitarianism The Utilitarian Calculus Act and Rule Utilitarianism Criticisms of Utilitarianism Concluding Assessment 2/3/2009 Lawrence M. Hinman 2 Part One Fundamental Tenets of Utilitarianism Lawrence M. Hinman 2/3/2009 3 Fundamental Imperative: Maximize the Overall Good The fundamental imperative of utilitarianism is: Always act in the way that will produce the greatest overall amount of good in the world. • The purpose of morality is to make the world a better place. Morality is about producing good consequences, not having good intentions • We should do whatever will bring the most benefit (i.e., intrinsic value) to all of humanity. 2/3/2009 Lawrence M. Hinman 4 The Dream of Utilitariani...

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