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Lecture Notes for PHIL 22 - Introduction to Ethical Theory at UC Santa Cruz (UCSC)

Notes Information

Material Type:Study Guide
Professor:Staff
Class:PHIL 22 - Introduction to Ethical Theory
Subject:Philosophy
University:University of California-Santa Cruz
Term:Fall 2009
Keywords:
  • Fair Procedure
  • Disinterested
  • Circumstances
  • (in)justice
  • Rule Utilitarianism
  • Freedom From
  • Cooperation
  • Behind (of)
  • Mortification
  • Experiences
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Sample Document Text

Aristotle 1.Perfectionism -Human good is doing or excelling at things worth doing -The promotion of human excellence. 2. Aristotle’s three lives 1. Life dedicated to pleasure (hedonism) -Physical pleasures and amusements of all sorts are desirable in themselves, and therefore have some claim to be our ultimate end. -But pleasure cannot be our ultimate target because what count as pleasure must be judged by some standard other than pleasure itself. 2. The life of Political Activity -Exercises justice and need to promote the common good. -Second best because it is a life devoid of philosophical understanding and activity -This life is unleisurely -They are needed when something has gone wrong, or threatens to do so. 3. The Life of philosophy -The activity of someone who has already achieved theoretical wisdom -The happiest life is lived by someone who has the resources needed for living life devoted to the exercise of that understanding. -The life of Virtue: too incomplete “for it seems possible for someone...

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