Lecture Notes for BSCI 105 - PRIN BIOL I with Nelson at Maryland (UMD)

Notes Information

Material Type:Vocab 3
Class:BSCI 105 - PRIN BIOL I
Subject:Biological Sciences Program
University:University of Maryland
Term:Spring 2008
  • Chromosome Inversion
  • Termination Phase
  • Codominance
  • Pleiotropic
  • Multiple Allelism
  • Replica Plating
  • Synthesizing
  • Incorporation
  • The Independent
  • In/on/at a Place
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Chapter 12 Ultimate Explanation Proximate Explanation Egg Sperm Fertilization Embryo Gametes Meiosis Homologous chromosomes – chromosomes of the same type Homologs Sex Chromosome Autosomes Gene Allele Karyotype – the number and types of chromosome present in an organism Diploid Haploid Haploid number Ploidy Polyploid Sister Chromatids Centromere Meiosis I Meiosis II Gametogenesis Zygote Maternal chromosomes Paternal chromosomes Early Prophase I – the homologous chromosome pairs come together, a process called synapsis Synapsis – the physical pairing of two homologous chromosomes during prophase I of Meiosis; crossing over occurs during synapsis Tetrad Non-sister chromatids Late prophase I – the non-sister chromatids begin to separate. Crossing over between homologous non-sister chromatids occurs during this stage Chiasma – the X-shaped structure formed during meiosis by crossing over between adjacent chromatids of a pair of homologous chromosomes Crossing over Metaphase I – the pairs of homolo...

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