Lecture Notes for GEOL 211 - INTRO TO OCEANOGRAPHY [C3T1G3] with Haynes at James Madison (JMU)

Notes Information

Material Type:Study Guide 2
University:James Madison University
Term:Fall 2008
  • Polar Regions
  • Sublimination
  • Temperature
  • Radiolarians
  • pH Is a Measure Of
  • Absolute Zero
  • Foraminifera
  • Phase Changes
  • Conglomerates
  • Phase Change
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1 Geology211 Exam Two Study Guide Chapters 5 – 7 Chapter 5 Class Notes: Terrigenous – 45% of the ocean floor Biogenous – 55% Hydrogenous – 1% Cosmogenous – 0% Terrigenous sediment is from land, like rocks from mountains and also big river emptying into a bay or sea, comes from weathering of the Earth’s landmasses A system of classifying sediments is based on the diameter of the grain (see slide) Boulder and Glacial Deposits: Input: 1. Rivers deliver the majority of terrigenous sediment into the ocean a. The Amazon River has the most volume of water but the 7th most volume of sediment (see slide of rivers that transport sediment) b. The higher the mountains, the more sediment they create. c. The Mississippi is very important for oil and gas d. The Brazos River enters the Gulf of Mexico along the Texas Coast 2. Glaciers also deliver a significant amount of sediment to the oceans a. Sediments give us information about past climates b. Ice also pushes a lot of sediment onto continental shelves c. G...

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