Lecture Notes for SOC 1004 - Introductory Sociology with Snizek at Virginia Tech (VT)

Notes Information

Material Type:Study Guide
Class:SOC 1004 - Introductory Sociology
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Fall 2005
  • Normative Socialization Theory
  • Open Society
  • Closed Society
  • Open Stratification System
  • Social Location
  • Objective Method
  • Institutionalized
  • Intermarriage
  • Development Theory
  • Scholarships
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Sample Document Text

Fall 2005 Soc 1004 Test 3 Study Guide Chapter 9 Study of Social Stratification: Defining Concepts . Social stratification - institutionalized form of inequality in which categories of people are ranked in a graded hierarchy on the basis of arbitrary criteria, which then serves to create and perpetuate unequal access to rewards, resources, privileges, and life chances in a society. . Resources and opportunities available are distributed according to a person's placement in social hierarchy. o Ex. Top of hierarchy = access to larger share of material wealth, social honor and prestige, and political power . Dominant group - controlling the production and distribution of valued goods and services and resources o Opportunity structure - circumstances that provide chances for people to acquire valued goods, services, and resources. . In contrast: poor and powerless unable to improve their status/rank within social stratification hierarchy b/c of lack of access to the necessary resources. ...

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