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Lecture Notes for PHIL 140 - CONTEMP MORAL ISSUES at Maryland (UMD)

Notes Information

Material Type:Class Note
Professor:Staff
Class:PHIL 140 - CONTEMP MORAL ISSUES
Subject:Philosophy
University:University of Maryland
Term:Spring 2008
Keywords:
  • Moral Argument
  • Either-or Fallacy
  • Appeal to Tradition
  • Unfortunately
  • Circumstances
  • False Cause
  • Discussion Notes
  • Differences
  • Leading Questions
  • Small Number
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1 PHIL 140 0103 (1:00pm Armory 0103), 0106 (10:00 am Art & Soc 3221), 0107 (12:00 pm Phys 4208) Discussion Notes Feb. 8, 2008 Though the text and Leland Saunders lectures presents a good sample of the most (all too often) commonly occurring argument fallacies, you may find this more 'unabridged' table useful as well (especially when you start tackling some of the reading next week, and especially in your second writing assignment.) Fallacy Explanation/Example Question-begging (Latin: petitio principii) To avoid this fallacy, evidence needs to be presented in the premises in such a manner that's supportive but independent of the conclusion. Example of question-begging: "The Bible is the divinely inspired word of God, because it's written in the Bible that it's the divinely inspired word of God." Known also as circular arguments are a form of question-begging. There are also question- begging definitions. Consider, for example, a philosophical definition of ...

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