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Lecture Notes for SOC 1004 - Introductory Sociology with Ball at Virginia Tech (VT)

Notes Information

Material Type:Class Note 1
Professor:Ball
Class:SOC 1004 - Introductory Sociology
Subject:Sociology
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Fall 2008
Keywords:
  • Social Statics
  • Social Integration
  • Social Dynamics
  • Social Structure
  • Double Consciousness
  • Survival of the Fittest
  • Egalitarian
  • Interdependence
  • Social Fact
  • Middle Class
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The Birth of Sociology: 2 major events in Europe brought about the founding of sociology French Revolution: 1789 Industrial Revolution: late 18th/early 29th centuries social structure: emergence of a middle class increased population increased child labor infrastructure/housing: mass migration to cities organization of labor nature of the household/family transfer of knowledge: more people could afford books Auguste Comte: French; 1798-1857; founder of sociology positivism: stressed experimentation social statics: keeping society as it is social dynamics: aspects of society that allow it to change Harriet Martineau: British; 1802-1876; defender of women’s rights (feminist) “Society in America” “How to Observe Manners and Morals” Herbert Spencer: British; 1820-1903 organic analogy: society is like two living organisms with different essential parts Social Darwinism: survival of the fittest against social welfare; wanted a very laissez-faire government Karl Marx: German; 1818-1883 focused primarily on...

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