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Lecture Notes for PHIL 1100 - ETHICS with Huemer at Colorado (CU)

Notes Information

Material Type:Class Note
Professor:Huemer
Class:PHIL 1100 - ETHICS
Subject:Philosophy
University:University of Colorado - Boulder
Term:--
Keywords:
  • Arbitrariness
  • Utilitarian
  • Circumstances
  • Good Strategy
  • Deontological
  • Distinction
  • Consequentialism
  • Consequence
  • Consequences
  • Experiences
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Sample Document Text

1 Phil. 1100 Notes #7: Utilitarianism (Smart) Three Important Questions in Ethical Theory 1. What is good? Important distinction: Intrinsic good: a thing that is good for its own sake; an end in itself. Instrumental good: a thing that is good for the sake of something else; desirable as a means. 2. What should one do? 3. Whose good should one pursue? Utilitarianism's Answers 1. Hedonism: Enjoyment (pleasure/happiness) is the sole intrinsic good. Note: Some utilitarians substitute preference-satisfaction for enjoyment. 2. Consequentialism: One should always perform the action that produces the greatest (expected) quantity of good. 3. Altruism: Weigh every person's good (incl. both self & others) equally. (Note: This is different from Smart's usage of the word.) . In sum: Perform that action which produces the greatest total expected enjoyment in the world. In Defense of Altruism . The egoist-altruist spectrum: . Egoism: counts only self-interest. Values others only as a means to self-benefit...

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