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Lecture Notes for PHIL 250 - PHIL OF SCI I at Maryland (UMD)

Notes Information

Material Type:Class Note
Professor:Staff
Class:PHIL 250 - PHIL OF SCI I
Subject:Philosophy
University:University of Maryland
Term:--
Keywords:
  • Equivocation
  • Another Term
  • Metaphysical
  • Distinction
  • Experimentation
  • Assumptions
  • Traditional
  • Explanation
  • Correct Statement
  • Experimental Data
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Sample Document Text

1 PHIL250 Lecture10 Page 1 10/2/2007 WM Kallfelz Bas Van Fraasssen "The real importance of theory, to the working scientist, is that it is a factor in experimental design. This is quite the reverse of the picture drawn by traditional philosophy of science. In that picture, everything is subordinate to the aim of knowing the structure of the world. The central activity is therefore the construction of theories that describe this structure.Whatever the core of truth in that picture (and surely it has some truth to it) it contrasts sharply with the activity Kuhn has termed 'normal science'1, and even with much of what is revolutionary. Scientists aim to discover facts about the world-about the regularities in the observable parts of the world. To discover these, one needs experimentation as opposed to reason and reflection. But those regularities are exceedingly subtle and complex, so experimental design is exceedingly difficult. Hence the need for the constructi...

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