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Lecture Notes for REL 1014 - Asian Religions at Virginia Tech (VT)

Notes Information

Material Type:Outline
Professor:Staff
Class:REL 1014 - Asian Religions
Subject:Religious Studies
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Fall 2008
Keywords:
  • Subcontinent
  • Confucianism
  • Evolutionary Theory
  • Differences
  • Sigmund Freud
  • Similarities
  • Zen Buddhism
  • Traditional
  • Imagination
  • Involvement
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Ludwig, Chapter 2 Outline • • Religion as an universal human institution “Religion” (as in the human ability to think in the abstract, make complex symbols) in prehistoric societies: (Shanidar Flower Burial in Iraq, 60K years ago; Cave art, associated with hunting societies, going back 35K years The Neolithic age, early ‘civilizations’ (Indus Valley, South Asia, 5K BCE; Mayas and Aztecs of Mesoamerica, Incas of South America (11-14 centuires, CE); the development of sedentary, complex, unequal societies where religious ritual was used to reinforce the power of the ruling classes Indigenous religions today among non-literate peoples (Onge of Andaman Islands) Early theories on origin of religion: 1) Edward B. Tylor (1832-1917), proposed evolutionary theory, in ‘stages’ of animism, polytheism and monotheism; 2) Sigmund Freud, in Totem and Taboo (1913) proposed psychosexual theory of origins of religion; 3) Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) offered sociological explanation, that ‘religion’ was born o...

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