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Lecture Notes for BIOL 1005 - General Biology with Lipscomb at Virginia Tech (VT)

Notes Information

Material Type:Note 9
Professor:Lipscomb
Class:BIOL 1005 - General Biology
Subject:Biological Sciences
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Fall 2005
Keywords:
  • Nitrogenous Base
  • Dna= Double Helix
  • Double Helix
  • Double-Helix
  • Dna Helicase
  • Phosphate Group
  • Griffith Experiment
  • Griffith's Experiment
  • Dna Structure
  • Synthesizing
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Chapter 9 DNA: The Molecule of Heredity Vocabulary adenine – nitrogenous base found in both DNA and RNA bases – one of the nitrogen-containing, single or double ringed structures that distinguish one nucleotide from another. In DNA, the bases are adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine chromosome – a single DNA double helix together with proteins that help to organize DNA complementary base pairs – in nucleic acid, bases that pair by H bonding. cytosine – nitrogenous base found in both DNA and RNA DNA DNA helicase – enzyme that helps unwind the DNA double helix during DNA replication DNA ligase – enzyme that joins the sugars and phosphates in DNA strand to create a continuous sugar-phosphate backbone DNA polymerase – enzyme that bonds DNA nucleotides together into a continuous strand, using a preexisting DNA strand as a template DNA replication – the copying of the double stranded DNA molecule, producing 2 identical DNA double helices double helix – shape of the two-stranded DNA molecule f...

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