Koofers

Exam Four - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:20E 050 - Word Power: Building English Vocabulary
Subject:Classics in English
University:University of Iowa
Term:Spring 2013
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Academy A school or learned society
Arcadian Simple, peaceful, rustic
Croesus a very rich man
Cynic one who sarcastically doubts human motives
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Draconian Extremely severe
Epicure (epicurean) a person of refined taste in matters of food and drink
To cut the -Gordian- knot to solve a difficult problem by direct and drastic means
Laconic brief, pithy, concise
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Mausoleum A large tomb
Meander to follow a winding course, the Greek-key design
Ostracism exclusion from society
Philippic A bitter denounciation
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a Pyrrhic victory A victory won at too great a cost
Solecism A substandard usage of language, a social blunder/error
Sophistry, Sophism Clever but deceptive argumentation meant to mislead
Spartan Rigorous, austere, disciplined
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Stoic Impassive
Sword of Damocles Constantly threatening danger
Sybarite One devoted to luxury and pleasure
-ast, -st "one who does"
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Gymn- naked
Thus(i)- (theos) god
Ly- loosen
-t, -te "he who" "that which"
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Poe- To make
Phe- To speak
Athle- To contend
Pira- To attempt
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-y, -ia "quality of, state of, act of"
Agon- Struggle
Phil- To love
Anthrop- man
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(h)em- Blood
All- other
Cac- Bad
Cau(s)- To burn
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Cla- To break
Do- To give
Dyn(am)- force, power
Erg-, Urg- Work
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Lat(e)r- worship excessively, be fanatically devoted to
Path- feel, suffer; disease
Phy- To grow
Physi- Nature
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Sta- Stand, stop
The- to place, put
-ma, -m, -me Result of, thing that is the result of
Dra- to do, act
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Ble- to put
De- To bind
The- to place
-sis, -se, -sy, -sia Act, State, Result Of
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Gno- To know
Do- To give
Aut(o)- Self
Op- To see
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Mne- To remember
Andr- Man, male
Kine-, Cine- To move
Gen(e)- Kind, Race
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Gyn(e)-, Gyn(a)ec- Woman, Female
Idi- One's own, peculiar
Lith-, Lite- Stone
Mis- Hatred
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Phe(m)-, Pha- To speak
Schiz-, Schis- To split
Stere- Solid, Three-dimensional
Typ- Stamp, Model
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-logy Science of, Systematic study of
Bi(o) The(o) Astr(o) Life
God
Star
-nomy Science of, system of laws governing
Ec(o)- House, community
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Agr(o)- Field
-cracy Rule by, type of government
Dem(o) People
Arist(o)- The best
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Bureau- Office
-crat One who advocates or practices rule by
Aut- Self
Gastr- Stomach
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Heli- Sun
Ide- Thought, idea
Manc-, Mant- To divine by means of
Micr- Small, one millionth part of
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Necr- the dead, corpse, dead tissue
Pal(a)e- Old
Pseud- False
Psych- Mind
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Trop- Turn
-archy Rule by
Mon- One
Matri- Mother
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-arch One who rules
Angel messenger
Bishop Overseer
Tect Workman
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-mania Madness about, passion for
Klept(o) Thief
Disp(o) Thirst
-maniac One having a madness of passion for
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-phobia abnormal fear or hatred of
Claustr(o)- lock, bar
Agora- Place of assembly, market place
-phobe one who fears or hates
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Angl(o)- English
Franc(o) French
Acr- Highest, the extremeties
Ego- I (self)
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Hier- Sacred
Hydr- Water
Mega(l) large, a million
Olig- few
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Patr- Father
Patri- family, clan
Soph- Wise
Tele- afar, operating at a long distance
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Xen- Stranger, foreigner
Zo- Animal
-meter Measure, instrument for measuring, number feet in poetry
Penta- Five
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-metry Art of science of measuring
Gon(o)- Angle
-graph Writing, instrument for writing
Phot(o)- Light
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-graphy writing, art of science of writing
-gram Thing written
-scope instrument for viewing, to view
Bar- Weight, pressure
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Cal(l)-, Kal(l)- Beauty
Is- Equal
Macr- Large
Ora- To see
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Petr- Rock
Phot- Light
Top- Place
-ize To make, to do something with, to subject to
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Agon- Struggle
Cri- To judge
Lab-, Lep-, Lem- To take, seize
Mes- Middle
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Phra- To speak
Stroph- To turn
Hemi- Half
Prot- First, original, primitive
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Di-, Dipl- Twice, Double
Dich- In two
Deuter Second
Tri- Three
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Tetr(a)- Four
Pent(a) Five
Hex(a) Six
Hept(a) Seven
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Oct(a) Eight
Dec- Ten
Hect- One hundred
Kilo- One thousand
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Chore- Dance
Er(ot) Love
Glyph- To carve
Naut- Sailor
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Nes- Island
Apostate One who renounces or abandons faith or loyalty
Metaphysical Supernatural, theoretical, abstract, reality beyond what is perceptible to the senses
Epithet Characterizing word accompanying or in place of the name of a thing/person, abusive word
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Iconoclast A person who destroys religious images or opposes their veneration, attacks beliefs
Neophyte New convert, novice, beginner
Thermostat Automatic device for regulating temperature
Dynasty Succession of rulers or the same line of descent, powerful family/group that maintains its position for a considerable time
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Kinesthetic Relating to a sense mediated by receptors located in muscles, tendons, joints, and stimulated by bodily movements 
Anathema (two defs.) One that is cursed by ecclesiastical authority
Intensely disliked or loathed
Apotheosis Elevate to a divine status, perfect example
Schism Division, separation, formal division in church, discord
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Idiom Language for a people or district, dialect.  Expression in the usuage of a language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or having a meaning that can't be derived
Heliotropic Phototropism (growing of a plant) in which sunlight is the orienting stimulus
Biopsy Removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body
Ideological Visionary theorizing, manner or content of thinking characteristic of a group
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Microcosm A little world, especially the human race seen as an epitome of the world/universe, a community that is an epitome of a larger unity
Autonomy Quality or state of being self-governing, self directing freedom and moral independence
Autocratic System with an autocrat ruler; a person ruling with unlimited authority, one who has undisputed influence
Hierarchy grade or ranked series, division of angels, classification of a group according to ability/economy/social standings
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Patronymic Name derived from that of the father or a paternal ancestor usually by the addition of an affix
Patristic Of or relating to the church fathers or their writings
Theosophy Teaching about God and the world based on mystical insight
Xenophobia Fear and hatred of strangers or foreigners (strange/foreign things)
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Necrology Obituary, list of the recently dead
Patriarchal social organization marked by the supremacy of the father in the clan
Acromegaly disorder caused by excessive production of growth hormone by the pituitary and marked by progressive enlargement of hands, feet and face
Isotope any two or more species of atoms of a chemical with the same atomic number and chemical behavior but with different atomic mass and physical properties
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Cyclorama Large pictorial representation encircling the spectator and often having real objects as a foreground, curved wall used a background of a stage set to suggest unlimited space
Petrography the description and systematic classification of rocks
Epigram Concise poem dealing pointedly and often satirically with a single thought or event and often ending with an ingenious turn of thought.  Terse, sage, or witty and often paradoxical saying
Archiepiscopal Relating to archbishop, bishop at the head of an ecclesiastical province or one of equivalent honorary rank

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Orthography Art of writing words with the proper letters according to standard usage
Barometer Standard, test, instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere and hence for assisting in forecasting weather and for determining altitude 
Holograph A document wholly in the handwriting of its author
Isobar An imaginary line or a line on a map or chart connecting or marking places of equal barometric pressure.  
One o two or more atoms or elements having the same atomic weights but different atomic numbers
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Apostrophize To address an absent person or personified thing rhetorically
Parenthetical Interlude, an explanatory phrase inserted in a passage from which iti is usually set off by ( )
Periphrasis Use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression, wordiness
Symbiosis Cooperative relationship between two, living together in intimate association of two dissimilar organisms
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Monomania Mental illness or excessive concentration on a single idea or object
Monolithic Cast as a single piece, constituting a massive undifferentiated and often rigid whole
Decalogue Basic set of rules carrying binding authority
Protomartyr The first martyr in a cause or religion
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Tetrarch Governor of the fourth part of a province, subordinate prince
Tritheism Doctrine that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three distinct gods
Pathological Abnormal, being such to a degree that is extreme or markedly abnormal, study of nature of disease and the changes produces by them, caused by diseases
Petroglyph Carving or inscription on a rock
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Aphasia loss or impairment of the power to use or comprehend words usually resulting from brain damage
Ataxia Inability to coordinate voluntary muscular movements that is symptomatic of some CNS disorders and injuries and not due to muscle weakness.  Incoordination
Morphological Branch of biology that deals with the form and structure or animals and plants, study and description of word formation in language, study of structure, external structure of rocks
Calligraphy Ornamental, artistic, stylized, or elegant handwriting or lettering
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 AcademyA school or learned society
 ArcadianSimple, peaceful, rustic
 Croesusa very rich man
 Cynicone who sarcastically doubts human motives
 DraconianExtremely severe
 Epicure (epicurean)a person of refined taste in matters of food and drink
 To cut the -Gordian- knotto solve a difficult problem by direct and drastic means
 Laconicbrief, pithy, concise
 MausoleumA large tomb
 Meanderto follow a winding course, the Greek-key design
 Ostracismexclusion from society
 PhilippicA bitter denounciation
 a Pyrrhic victoryA victory won at too great a cost
 SolecismA substandard usage of language, a social blunder/error
 Sophistry, SophismClever but deceptive argumentation meant to mislead
 SpartanRigorous, austere, disciplined
 StoicImpassive
 Sword of DamoclesConstantly threatening danger
 SybariteOne devoted to luxury and pleasure
 -ast, -st"one who does"
 Gymn-naked
 Thus(i)- (theos)god
 Ly-loosen
 -t, -te"he who" "that which"
 Poe-To make
 Phe-To speak
 Athle-To contend
 Pira-To attempt
 -y, -ia"quality of, state of, act of"
 Agon-Struggle
 Phil-To love
 Anthrop-man
 (h)em-Blood
 All-other
 Cac-Bad
 Cau(s)-To burn
 Cla-To break
 Do-To give
 Dyn(am)-force, power
 Erg-, Urg-Work
 Lat(e)r-worship excessively, be fanatically devoted to
 Path-feel, suffer; disease
 Phy-To grow
 Physi-Nature
 Sta-Stand, stop
 The-to place, put
 -ma, -m, -meResult of, thing that is the result of
 Dra-to do, act
 Ble-to put
 De-To bind
 The-to place
 -sis, -se, -sy, -siaAct, State, Result Of
 Gno-To know
 Do-To give
 Aut(o)-Self
 Op-To see
 Mne-To remember
 Andr-Man, male
 Kine-, Cine-To move
 Gen(e)-Kind, Race
 Gyn(e)-, Gyn(a)ec-Woman, Female
 Idi-One's own, peculiar
 Lith-, Lite-Stone
 Mis-Hatred
 Phe(m)-, Pha-To speak
 Schiz-, Schis-To split
 Stere-Solid, Three-dimensional
 Typ-Stamp, Model
 -logyScience of, Systematic study of
 Bi(o) The(o) Astr(o)Life
God
Star
 -nomyScience of, system of laws governing
 Ec(o)-House, community
 Agr(o)-Field
 -cracyRule by, type of government
 Dem(o)People
 Arist(o)-The best
 Bureau-Office
 -cratOne who advocates or practices rule by
 Aut-Self
 Gastr-Stomach
 Heli-Sun
 Ide-Thought, idea
 Manc-, Mant-To divine by means of
 Micr-Small, one millionth part of
 Necr-the dead, corpse, dead tissue
 Pal(a)e-Old
 Pseud-False
 Psych-Mind
 Trop-Turn
 -archyRule by
 Mon-One
 Matri-Mother
 -archOne who rules
 Angelmessenger
 BishopOverseer
 TectWorkman
 -maniaMadness about, passion for
 Klept(o)Thief
 Disp(o)Thirst
 -maniacOne having a madness of passion for
 -phobiaabnormal fear or hatred of
 Claustr(o)-lock, bar
 Agora-Place of assembly, market place
 -phobeone who fears or hates
 Angl(o)-English
 Franc(o)French
 Acr-Highest, the extremeties
 Ego-I (self)
 Hier-Sacred
 Hydr-Water
 Mega(l)large, a million
 Olig-few
 Patr-Father
 Patri-family, clan
 Soph-Wise
 Tele-afar, operating at a long distance
 Xen-Stranger, foreigner
 Zo-Animal
 -meterMeasure, instrument for measuring, number feet in poetry
 Penta-Five
 -metryArt of science of measuring
 Gon(o)-Angle
 -graphWriting, instrument for writing
 Phot(o)-Light
 -graphywriting, art of science of writing
 -gramThing written
 -scopeinstrument for viewing, to view
 Bar-Weight, pressure
 Cal(l)-, Kal(l)-Beauty
 Is-Equal
 Macr-Large
 Ora-To see
 Petr-Rock
 Phot-Light
 Top-Place
 -izeTo make, to do something with, to subject to
 Agon-Struggle
 Cri-To judge
 Lab-, Lep-, Lem-To take, seize
 Mes-Middle
 Phra-To speak
 Stroph-To turn
 Hemi-Half
 Prot-First, original, primitive
 Di-, Dipl-Twice, Double
 Dich-In two
 DeuterSecond
 Tri-Three
 Tetr(a)-Four
 Pent(a)Five
 Hex(a)Six
 Hept(a)Seven
 Oct(a)Eight
 Dec-Ten
 Hect-One hundred
 Kilo-One thousand
 Chore-Dance
 Er(ot)Love
 Glyph-To carve
 Naut-Sailor
 Nes-Island
 ApostateOne who renounces or abandons faith or loyalty
 MetaphysicalSupernatural, theoretical, abstract, reality beyond what is perceptible to the senses
 EpithetCharacterizing word accompanying or in place of the name of a thing/person, abusive word
 IconoclastA person who destroys religious images or opposes their veneration, attacks beliefs
 NeophyteNew convert, novice, beginner
 ThermostatAutomatic device for regulating temperature
 DynastySuccession of rulers or the same line of descent, powerful family/group that maintains its position for a considerable time
 KinestheticRelating to a sense mediated by receptors located in muscles, tendons, joints, and stimulated by bodily movements 
 Anathema (two defs.)One that is cursed by ecclesiastical authority
Intensely disliked or loathed
 ApotheosisElevate to a divine status, perfect example
 SchismDivision, separation, formal division in church, discord
 IdiomLanguage for a people or district, dialect.  Expression in the usuage of a language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or having a meaning that can't be derived
 HeliotropicPhototropism (growing of a plant) in which sunlight is the orienting stimulus
 BiopsyRemoval and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the living body
 IdeologicalVisionary theorizing, manner or content of thinking characteristic of a group
 MicrocosmA little world, especially the human race seen as an epitome of the world/universe, a community that is an epitome of a larger unity
 AutonomyQuality or state of being self-governing, self directing freedom and moral independence
 AutocraticSystem with an autocrat ruler; a person ruling with unlimited authority, one who has undisputed influence
 Hierarchygrade or ranked series, division of angels, classification of a group according to ability/economy/social standings
 PatronymicName derived from that of the father or a paternal ancestor usually by the addition of an affix
 PatristicOf or relating to the church fathers or their writings
 TheosophyTeaching about God and the world based on mystical insight
 XenophobiaFear and hatred of strangers or foreigners (strange/foreign things)
 NecrologyObituary, list of the recently dead
 Patriarchalsocial organization marked by the supremacy of the father in the clan
 Acromegalydisorder caused by excessive production of growth hormone by the pituitary and marked by progressive enlargement of hands, feet and face
 Isotopeany two or more species of atoms of a chemical with the same atomic number and chemical behavior but with different atomic mass and physical properties
 CycloramaLarge pictorial representation encircling the spectator and often having real objects as a foreground, curved wall used a background of a stage set to suggest unlimited space
 Petrographythe description and systematic classification of rocks
 EpigramConcise poem dealing pointedly and often satirically with a single thought or event and often ending with an ingenious turn of thought.  Terse, sage, or witty and often paradoxical saying
 ArchiepiscopalRelating to archbishop, bishop at the head of an ecclesiastical province or one of equivalent honorary rank

 OrthographyArt of writing words with the proper letters according to standard usage
 BarometerStandard, test, instrument for determining the pressure of the atmosphere and hence for assisting in forecasting weather and for determining altitude 
 HolographA document wholly in the handwriting of its author
 IsobarAn imaginary line or a line on a map or chart connecting or marking places of equal barometric pressure.  
One o two or more atoms or elements having the same atomic weights but different atomic numbers
 ApostrophizeTo address an absent person or personified thing rhetorically
 ParentheticalInterlude, an explanatory phrase inserted in a passage from which iti is usually set off by ( )
 PeriphrasisUse of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression, wordiness
 SymbiosisCooperative relationship between two, living together in intimate association of two dissimilar organisms
 MonomaniaMental illness or excessive concentration on a single idea or object
 MonolithicCast as a single piece, constituting a massive undifferentiated and often rigid whole
 DecalogueBasic set of rules carrying binding authority
 ProtomartyrThe first martyr in a cause or religion
 TetrarchGovernor of the fourth part of a province, subordinate prince
 TritheismDoctrine that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three distinct gods
 PathologicalAbnormal, being such to a degree that is extreme or markedly abnormal, study of nature of disease and the changes produces by them, caused by diseases
 PetroglyphCarving or inscription on a rock
 Aphasialoss or impairment of the power to use or comprehend words usually resulting from brain damage
 AtaxiaInability to coordinate voluntary muscular movements that is symptomatic of some CNS disorders and injuries and not due to muscle weakness.  Incoordination
 MorphologicalBranch of biology that deals with the form and structure or animals and plants, study and description of word formation in language, study of structure, external structure of rocks
 CalligraphyOrnamental, artistic, stylized, or elegant handwriting or lettering
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