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Exam 2 - Flashcards

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Class:ABSC 304 - Prin&Procdr Bhvr Modfctn&Thrpy
Subject:Applied Behavioral Science
University:University of Kansas
Term:Fall 2010
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Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Identify the behavior to be taught. What skills does the person need to be successful in their environment.
Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Identify what reinforcers you will use to teach the behavior (7) What specifically will be the reinforcer? Described how you determined whether or not the item is a likely reinforcer. Systematic Observation (Premack Principle): Allowing the person to do whatever they want to do. The things they do the most are likely to be a reinforcer. Preference Assessment Reinforcer Sampling Ask the person Ask someone who knows the person well
Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior:Shape the Behavior(3) Specify what the target behavior looks like Specify the closest behavior that the client currently displays Identify gradual steps from the current behavior to the target behavior. (Provide at least 4 examples)
Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior:Prompt the Behavior(7) Identify the prompt you will use, and it is appropriate for the person and the behavior being taught. Physical Guidance Modeling Gestures Spoken Instructions Written Instructions Describe how you will use the prompt to get the target behavior to occur.
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Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Fade the Prompt Describe how you will gradually remove the prompt until the person is completing the target behavior independently (List at least 4 steps in the gradual removal of the prompt) Describe how you will ensure the behavior continues to occur while you fade the prompts.
Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Teach the behavior so it will occur in natural environments(5) Describe who will teach the behavior and where the behavior will be taught (in the natural environment if possible) Or if you can't teach in the natural environment, describe how you will make the teaching situation as much like the natural environment as possible. Then describe what you will do to further insure that the behavior occurs in the natural environment. Best way it to teach the behavior in the situations where you want the behavior to occur. if you want it to happen in a variety of situations you need to teach it in a variety of situations. If you can't do it in a Real Life situation make it as similar to RL as possible. Continue to provide reinforcers.
Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Maintain the behavior(2) Describe how you will ensure the behavior continues to be reinforced in the natural environment following initial teaching. Are there any natural reinforcers that will automatically maintain the behavior? If so specify what they are and why you feel they will maintain the behavior. (Need to specify what the reinforcers are and why they wull be automatically contingent on the behavior you want to maintain)
Verbal Imitation: Identify Reinforcers Specify what will be used as the reinforcer
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Verbal Imitation: Reinforce all vocalizations(2) Describe how you will reinforce all sounds the child makes. Reinforce until child is vocalizing at a high rate (specify what that is)
Verbal Imitation:Shape the initial imitation Identify the most likely sound the child makes and model that sound to the child
Verbal Imitation:Shape the latency of the child's response(2) Describe at least 4 steps in the process of getting the child's vocalizations to occur closer and closer in time to your model. 2 second latency is ideal
Verbal Imitation:Shape the topography of the child's response Describe at least 4 steps in the process of getting the child's vocalizations to sound more like the model . Example: Anything with a vowel in it, Anything with a vowel and a constant, Just a vowel, Just sounds super close to target sound, Just the target sound.
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Verbal Imitation: Train a second imitation State that you will teach the child to imitate a second sound in the same way you taught the first. Specify the second sound taught and state that it will be taught in the same way that the first imitation was taught.
Verbal Imitation: Teach the child to discriminate. Describe how you will present the models for the child to imitate so that the child must listen to know which sound to make Describe how you will reinforce the child to ensure the child only makes the correct sound following the model.
Verbal Imitation: Chaining sounds together to form words Once you have the child imitating a large number of one-syllable vocalizations, describe how you will present models to put single syllables together to form words.
Teaching Verbal Labeling: Presenting the object/picture to be labeled and model the answer Describe how you will show the object/picture to the child and how you will model the correct label.
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Teaching Verbal Labeling: Fading out the model(2) Describe how you will fade out the model (by saying less and less of the word or by saying the word softer and softer, or by using delayed promplting). Describe examples of 4 steps in the process of fading out the model or describe exactly how you will use delayed prompting to get the child to say the word without the model .
Teaching Verbal Labeling:Teaching a second label State that you will use the same procedures as in step 2 to teach a second label.
Teaching Verbal Labeling: Teach a discrimination between the two labels. (2) Describe how you will present the two pictures or objects to which labels have previously been taught, what the teacher will say when each picture or object is presented, and describe what you will do to ensure that the child labels each picture or object with the correct word no matter in what order you show the pictures or objects to the child.
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  Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Identify the behavior to be taught.What skills does the person need to be successful in their environment.
 Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Identify what reinforcers you will use to teach the behavior (7)What specifically will be the reinforcer?
Described how you determined whether or not the item is a likely reinforcer.
Systematic Observation (Premack Principle): Allowing the person to do whatever they want to do. The things they do the most are likely to be a reinforcer.
Preference Assessment
Reinforcer Sampling
Ask the person
Ask someone who knows the person well
 Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior:Shape the Behavior(3)Specify what the target behavior looks like
Specify the closest behavior that the client currently displays
Identify gradual steps from the current behavior to the target behavior. (Provide at least 4 examples)
 Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior:Prompt the Behavior(7)Identify the prompt you will use, and it is appropriate for the person and the behavior being taught.
Physical Guidance
Modeling
Gestures
Spoken Instructions
Written Instructions
Describe how you will use the prompt to get the target behavior to occur.
 Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Fade the PromptDescribe how you will gradually remove the prompt until the person is completing the target behavior independently (List at least 4 steps in the gradual removal of the prompt)
Describe how you will ensure the behavior continues to occur while you fade the prompts.
 Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Teach the behavior so it will occur in natural environments(5)Describe who will teach the behavior and where the behavior will be taught (in the natural environment if possible)
Or if you can't teach in the natural environment, describe how you will make the teaching situation as much like the natural environment as possible. Then describe what you will do to further insure that the behavior occurs in the natural environment.
Best way it to teach the behavior in the situations where you want the behavior to occur. if you want it to happen in a variety of situations you need to teach it in a variety of situations.
If you can't do it in a Real Life situation make it as similar to RL as possible. Continue to provide reinforcers.
 Teaching a Non-Verbal Behavior: Maintain the behavior(2)Describe how you will ensure the behavior continues to be reinforced in the natural environment following initial teaching.
Are there any natural reinforcers that will automatically maintain the behavior? If so specify what they are and why you feel they will maintain the behavior. (Need to specify what the reinforcers are and why they wull be automatically contingent on the behavior you want to maintain)
 Verbal Imitation: Identify ReinforcersSpecify what will be used as the reinforcer
 Verbal Imitation: Reinforce all vocalizations(2)Describe how you will reinforce all sounds the child makes.
Reinforce until child is vocalizing at a high rate (specify what that is)
 Verbal Imitation:Shape the initial imitationIdentify the most likely sound the child makes and model that sound to the child
 Verbal Imitation:Shape the latency of the child's response(2)Describe at least 4 steps in the process of getting the child's vocalizations to occur closer and closer in time to your model.
2 second latency is ideal
 Verbal Imitation:Shape the topography of the child's responseDescribe at least 4 steps in the process of getting the child's vocalizations to sound more like the model .

Example: Anything with a vowel in it, Anything with a vowel and a constant, Just a vowel, Just sounds super close to target sound, Just the target sound.
 Verbal Imitation: Train a second imitationState that you will teach the child to imitate a second sound in the same way you taught the first.
Specify the second sound taught and state that it will be taught in the same way that the first imitation was taught.
 Verbal Imitation: Teach the child to discriminate.Describe how you will present the models for the child to imitate so that the child must listen to know which sound to make
Describe how you will reinforce the child to ensure the child only makes the correct sound following the model.
 Verbal Imitation: Chaining sounds together to form wordsOnce you have the child imitating a large number of one-syllable vocalizations, describe how you will present models to put single syllables together to form words.
 Teaching Verbal Labeling: Presenting the object/picture to be labeled and model the answerDescribe how you will show the object/picture to the child and how you will model the correct label.
 Teaching Verbal Labeling: Fading out the model(2) Describe how you will fade out the model (by saying less and less of the word or by saying the word softer and softer, or by using delayed promplting).
Describe examples of 4 steps in the process of fading out the model or describe exactly how you will use delayed prompting to get the child to say the word without the model .
 Teaching Verbal Labeling:Teaching a second labelState that you will use the same procedures as in step 2 to teach a second label.
 Teaching Verbal Labeling: Teach a discrimination between the two labels. (2)Describe how you will present the two pictures or objects to which labels have previously been taught, what the teacher will say when each picture or object is presented, and describe what you will do to ensure that the child labels each picture or object with the correct word no matter in what order you show the pictures or objects to the child.
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