Koofers

Chapter 9 - Flashcards

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Class:ANTH 2 - INTRO CULT ANTHRO
Subject:Anthropology
University:University of California - Santa Barbara
Term:Fall 2010
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Power Is the ability to exercise one's will over others, the source of it is usually attributed to the control of resources that people need or desire.
Authority The socially approved use of power
Rebellion The attempt of one group to reallocate power and resources within an existing political structure
Revolution The attempt to overthrow the existing political structure and put another type of political structure in its place.
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Egalitarian Societies In these, individuals are recognized but no individual or group is barred from access to material resources or has power over others.
Stratified Societies In these, there are formal and permanent social and economic inequities.
Bands Are foragers, usually egalitarian, who exchange goods through generalized reciprocity.
Tribes Are horticulturists or herders, generally egalitarian, who have balanced reciprocity as their major means of exchange.
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Chiefdoms Are ranked horticulturist and herder societies characterized by the political office of the chief, redistribution through the chief is the central mechanism of exchange and there are important differences in status and wealth among members
Bigman A self-made leader who gains power and authority through personal achievements rather than through holding office.
State Is a hierarchical, centralized form of political organization in which a central government has a legal monopoly over the use of force.
Bureaucracy An administrative hierarchy characterized by specialization of function and fixed rules.
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Hegemony Refers to the dominance the state achieves through the internalization of elite values by those in the larger society.
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 PowerIs the ability to exercise one's will over others, the source of it is usually attributed to the control of resources that people need or desire.
 AuthorityThe socially approved use of power
 RebellionThe attempt of one group to reallocate power and resources within an existing political structure
 RevolutionThe attempt to overthrow the existing political structure and put another type of political structure in its place.
 Egalitarian SocietiesIn these, individuals are recognized but no individual or group is barred from access to material resources or has power over others.
 Stratified SocietiesIn these, there are formal and permanent social and economic inequities.
 BandsAre foragers, usually egalitarian, who exchange goods through generalized reciprocity.
 TribesAre horticulturists or herders, generally egalitarian, who have balanced reciprocity as their major means of exchange.
 ChiefdomsAre ranked horticulturist and herder societies characterized by the political office of the chief, redistribution through the chief is the central mechanism of exchange and there are important differences in status and wealth among members
 BigmanA self-made leader who gains power and authority through personal achievements rather than through holding office.
 StateIs a hierarchical, centralized form of political organization in which a central government has a legal monopoly over the use of force.
 BureaucracyAn administrative hierarchy characterized by specialization of function and fixed rules.
 HegemonyRefers to the dominance the state achieves through the internalization of elite values by those in the larger society.
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