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Art 80D Midterm Review - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:ART 80D - Intro Photography
Subject:Art
University:University of California-Santa Cruz
Term:Spring 2015
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18% Gray what the camera actually sees
Actual Line a line that actually exists
Adjusted Exposure change based on indicated exposure
to adjust to your situation to create your desired photo
ISO light sensitivity  
Adjusted Light Reading Light reading changed based on your situation and surrounding lighting to create ideal photo 
Generated by Koofers.com
Aperture The lens opening formed by the iris diaphragm inside the lens
The size is variable and adjusted by the aperture control
Aperture-Priority An automatic exposure system in which the photographer sets the aperture (f-stop) and the camera selects a shutter speed for normal exposure 
ASA A film speed rating similar to an ISO rating 
Asymmetry symmetry in which both halves of a composition are not identical
also referred to as informal balance 
Generated by Koofers.com
Averaging Meters an exposure meter with a wide angle of view
the indicated exposure is based on an average of all the light values in the scene
Blur appear streaking of rapidly moving objects in a still image of a sequence of images such as a movie or animation 
Bracketing taking several photographs of the same scene at different exposure settings, some greater than and some less than the setting indicated by the meter, to ensure at least one well exposed frame 
C-41 Film chromogenic color print film developing process
Processed C-41 negatives, as with all color films, consists of an image formed of dye
Generated by Koofers.com
Connotation An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning 
Context the circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement or idea and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed 
Curvilinear contained by or consisting of a curved line or lines
in photography it usually uses a wide angle lens
Decisive Moment "To me, photography is the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event as well as of a precise organization of forms which give that even its proper expression"
-Henry Cartier-Bresson
Generated by Koofers.com
Denotation the literal or primary meaning of a word
in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests
Depth of Field the distance between the nearest and farthest points that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph.
Varies with lens aperture, focal length and camera-to-subject distance 
Equivalent Exposure allows you to make the exact same exposure using different settings for aperture, shutter speed and ISO
F-Stop a numerical designation indicating the size of the aperture (lens opening)
F=N/D
lens focal length to the diameter
quantitative measure of lens speed
Generated by Koofers.com
Fast Lens a lens with a larger maximum aperture (smaller F number) delivers more light intensity to the focal plane, achieving the same exposure with a faster shutter speed 
Film Speed measure of photographic film's sensitivity to light
determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system 
Great Depth of Field wider focus
distance between objects seems less great
everything is in focus 
Illusion of Space using artistic techniques to turn a 2-D surface (like a canvas) into an image that appears 3-D
Generated by Koofers.com
Implied Line lines that are not necessary drawn in an image but are lines created by values, colors, textures or shapes that guide the eye through the piece of artwork 
Incident Light Meter A hand-held exposure meter that measures the amount of light falling on the subject
Intention the thing that you plan to do or achieve: an aim or purpose
ISO a numerical rating that indicates the sensitivity (speed) of a sensor or film
the rating doubles each time the sensitivity doubles
Generated by Koofers.com
Long Lens a camera lens which has a focal length that is longer than the diagonal measure of the film or sensor that receives its image
used to make distant object appear magnified with magnification increasing as longer focal length lenses are used 
Normal Lens simulates that of which a human eye would see, a fixed length
Open Up to increase the size of the lens aperture
the opposite of stop down
Overlapping the amount by which one photograph includes the same area covered by another, customarily expressed as a percentage
the overlap between successive air photographs on a flight line is called "forward overlap"
the overlap between photographs in adjacent parallel flight lines is called "side overlap"
Generated by Koofers.com
Panning to move the camera during the exposure in the same direction as a moving subject
the effect is that the subject stays relatively sharp and the background becomes blurred
Pattern elements that are repeated
Psychic Line a line that is implied but not physically seen, like a gaze
Rectilinear contained by, consisting of or moving in a straight line or lines
Generated by Koofers.com
Reflected Light Meter an exposure meter that reads the amount of light reflected from the subject
Rule of Thirds the guideline proposes than an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally space horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections 
Select Focus using limited depth of field to focus on one subject or another
Shallow Depth of Field one plane of the image is in focus while the rest is out of focus
Generated by Koofers.com
Short Lens a lens that provides a wide angle of view of a scene including more of the subject area than a lens of normal focal length
Shutter a device in the camera that opens and closes to expose the sensor or film to light for a measured length of time
Shutter Speed the length of time a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph
Shutter-Priority an automatic exposure system in which the photographer sets the shutter speed and the camera selects the aperture (f-stop) for normal exposure 
Generated by Koofers.com
Size measured by the number of pixels
Slow Lens a smaller maximum aperture (larger f number) is "slow" because it delivers less light intensity and requires a slower shutter speed
Standard Apertures/ Standard F-Stops f/2
f/2.8
f/4
f/5.6
f/8
f/11
f/16
Stop an aperture setting that indicates the size of the lens opening
a change in exposure by a factor of 2
changing the aperture from ones setting to the next doubles or halves the amount of light reaching the sensor or film
changing the shutter speed from one setting tot the next does the same thing
either changes the exposure one stop
Generated by Koofers.com
Stop Action stop motion
Stop Down to decrease the size of the lens aperture
the opposite of open up
Symmetry balanced proportions
each half of the photograph corresponds with the other side 
Syntax the medium by which the photograph is made
things like format, framing, process, perspective, etc
Generated by Koofers.com
Texture the visual and especially tactile quality of a surface
Vertical Location a photo taken from an aerial location 
Visual Literacy the ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image
Diane Arbus
Child with a Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park, NYC
Normal people to look abnormal
Generated by Koofers.com
Diane Arbus 
Brooklyn Family
August Sander
Konitor, Koln
Documented different types of people
August Sander
Farm Girls
Alfred Stieglitz
Georgia OKeeffe
Generated by Koofers.com
Harry Callahan
Eleanor and Barbara
photographed his wife
represented the woman

Sally Mann
Father and Daughter
photographed girls at age 12
from "Immediate Family" book
Sally Mann
Jessie at 5
from "Immediate Family" book
Nan Goldin
Cookie at Tin Pan Alley, NYC
Ballad of Sexual Dependency
Generated by Koofers.com
Nan Goldin
Jimmy Paulette and Taboo! in the Bathroom, NYC
Ballad of Sexual Dependency 
Cathrine Opie
self portrait
representing a homosexual relationship with a family 
Morimura Yasamuasa
Marcell
plays all characters in all pictures
Morimura Yasamuasa
Portrait
Generated by Koofers.com
Marcel Duchamp
Duchamp as Rrose Selavy
Chuck Close
Holograms
Ana Mendieta
Untitled
Displacement 
Cindy Sherman
Untitled Film Still #43
Archetypes 
Generated by Koofers.com
Cindy Sherman 
archetypes
Cindy Sherman 
archetypes 
Anthony Aziz and Samuel Cucher
Dystopia Series Lynn
no face to hide the identity 
Anthony Aziz and Samuel Cucher
Dystopia Series Ken
Generated by Koofers.com
Loretta Lux
The Drummer
Painted the backdrops and modified the children 
Loretta Lux 
Keisuke
Arnold Newman
Igor Stravinsky
images with subjects in what they do
Arnold Newman
Georgia O'Keeffe, Ghost Ranch, New Mexico
Generated by Koofers.com
Irving Penn
Three Asario Mudmen
fashion photography
decontextualized 
Annie Leibovitz
Miley Cyrus
Vanity Fair
Annie Leibovitz
Queen Elizabeth II 2007
Took the picture of outside and then of the Queen and did a double composite exposure 
Richard Avedon
In the American West: Sandra Bennett: Rocky Ford, Colorado
different types of people in the American West
Generated by Koofers.com
Richard Avedon
In the American West:Juan Patricio Lobato, Carney Rocky Ford, Colorado
Different types of people in the American West 
Nicholas Nixon
Brown Sisters 2000
same order every year
showed the process of them aging 
Nicholas Nixon 
Old People Series
Nicholas Nixon
Cambridge
Generated by Koofers.com
Rineke Dijkstra
Hilton Head Island, S.C., USA, June 24, 1992
teens at awkward age 

Rineke Dijkstra
Almersia, Wormer, Leidschendam, The Netherlands, June 25, 2003
Lise Sarfati
USA. various. USA. Texas, Austin. Selina 
teens at awkward age 
Lise Safati
Lithuania. Euro visions. 2004. Lithuania. The Euro Visions project
Generated by Koofers.com
Jonathan Torgovnik
Valnentine with daughters Amerlie and Inez
Uganda children with children of rape 
Jonathan Torgovnik
Annet with her son, Peter, 2006
Andre Kertesz
Crossroads, Blois (Carrefour, Blois)
Great composition with the lighting, what is entering and exiting the scene, what is fully in the frame and the implied triangles
Robert Frank
from: The Americans
controversial because it was a black woman with a white baby, not generally photographed during this time 
Generated by Koofers.com
Nan Goldin
From The Ballad of Sexual Dependency 
Jim Goldberg
Raised by Wolves "Hits of Acid"
photographed kids that were on the street 
run away teens 
Edward Weston
Peppers
photographed peppers that had a sexual look 
Edward Weston
woman

Generated by Koofers.com
Henri Cartier-Bresson
Place de apos, Europe, Paris
the decisive moment
both feet are in the air 
Henri Cartier-Bresson
Inside the sliding doors of the bullfight arena 
John Coplans
Body of Work: Back with Arms Above
John Coplans
feet
Generated by Koofers.com
David Hockney
Ceilia, Los Angeles
Duane Michals
double exposure
the idea of time 
Duane Michals
Self Portrait as if I were Dead
the idea of time 
William Eggleston
Untitled, tricycle 
Generated by Koofers.com
Robert Mapplethorpe

Robert Mapplethorpe
had his subject posed similarly to famous paintings or sculptures 
George Dureau
Wilber Hines
photographed people that were not necessarily "normal" 
George Dureau
Roosevelt Singleton
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

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 18% Graywhat the camera actually sees
 Actual Linea line that actually exists
 Adjusted Exposurechange based on indicated exposure
to adjust to your situation to create your desired photo
ISO light sensitivity  
 Adjusted Light ReadingLight reading changed based on your situation and surrounding lighting to create ideal photo 
 ApertureThe lens opening formed by the iris diaphragm inside the lens
The size is variable and adjusted by the aperture control
 Aperture-PriorityAn automatic exposure system in which the photographer sets the aperture (f-stop) and the camera selects a shutter speed for normal exposure 
 ASAA film speed rating similar to an ISO rating 
 Asymmetrysymmetry in which both halves of a composition are not identical
also referred to as informal balance 
 Averaging Metersan exposure meter with a wide angle of view
the indicated exposure is based on an average of all the light values in the scene
 Blurappear streaking of rapidly moving objects in a still image of a sequence of images such as a movie or animation 
 Bracketingtaking several photographs of the same scene at different exposure settings, some greater than and some less than the setting indicated by the meter, to ensure at least one well exposed frame 
 C-41 Filmchromogenic color print film developing process
Processed C-41 negatives, as with all color films, consists of an image formed of dye
 ConnotationAn idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning 
 Contextthe circumstances that form the setting for an event, statement or idea and in terms of which it can be fully understood and assessed 
 Curvilinearcontained by or consisting of a curved line or lines
in photography it usually uses a wide angle lens
 Decisive Moment"To me, photography is the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event as well as of a precise organization of forms which give that even its proper expression"
-Henry Cartier-Bresson
 Denotationthe literal or primary meaning of a word
in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests
 Depth of Fieldthe distance between the nearest and farthest points that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph.
Varies with lens aperture, focal length and camera-to-subject distance 
 Equivalent Exposureallows you to make the exact same exposure using different settings for aperture, shutter speed and ISO
 F-Stopa numerical designation indicating the size of the aperture (lens opening)
F=N/D
lens focal length to the diameter
quantitative measure of lens speed
 Fast Lensa lens with a larger maximum aperture (smaller F number) delivers more light intensity to the focal plane, achieving the same exposure with a faster shutter speed 
 Film Speedmeasure of photographic film's sensitivity to light
determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system 
 Great Depth of Fieldwider focus
distance between objects seems less great
everything is in focus 
 Illusion of Spaceusing artistic techniques to turn a 2-D surface (like a canvas) into an image that appears 3-D
 Implied Linelines that are not necessary drawn in an image but are lines created by values, colors, textures or shapes that guide the eye through the piece of artwork 
 Incident Light MeterA hand-held exposure meter that measures the amount of light falling on the subject
 Intentionthe thing that you plan to do or achieve: an aim or purpose
 ISOa numerical rating that indicates the sensitivity (speed) of a sensor or film
the rating doubles each time the sensitivity doubles
 Long Lensa camera lens which has a focal length that is longer than the diagonal measure of the film or sensor that receives its image
used to make distant object appear magnified with magnification increasing as longer focal length lenses are used 
 Normal Lenssimulates that of which a human eye would see, a fixed length
 Open Upto increase the size of the lens aperture
the opposite of stop down
 Overlappingthe amount by which one photograph includes the same area covered by another, customarily expressed as a percentage
the overlap between successive air photographs on a flight line is called "forward overlap"
the overlap between photographs in adjacent parallel flight lines is called "side overlap"
 Panningto move the camera during the exposure in the same direction as a moving subject
the effect is that the subject stays relatively sharp and the background becomes blurred
 Patternelements that are repeated
 Psychic Linea line that is implied but not physically seen, like a gaze
 Rectilinearcontained by, consisting of or moving in a straight line or lines
 Reflected Light Meteran exposure meter that reads the amount of light reflected from the subject
 Rule of Thirdsthe guideline proposes than an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally space horizontal lines and two equally spaced vertical lines and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections 
 Select Focususing limited depth of field to focus on one subject or another
 Shallow Depth of Fieldone plane of the image is in focus while the rest is out of focus
 Short Lensa lens that provides a wide angle of view of a scene including more of the subject area than a lens of normal focal length
 Shuttera device in the camera that opens and closes to expose the sensor or film to light for a measured length of time
 Shutter Speedthe length of time a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph
 Shutter-Priorityan automatic exposure system in which the photographer sets the shutter speed and the camera selects the aperture (f-stop) for normal exposure 
 Sizemeasured by the number of pixels
 Slow Lensa smaller maximum aperture (larger f number) is "slow" because it delivers less light intensity and requires a slower shutter speed
 Standard Apertures/ Standard F-Stopsf/2
f/2.8
f/4
f/5.6
f/8
f/11
f/16
 Stopan aperture setting that indicates the size of the lens opening
a change in exposure by a factor of 2
changing the aperture from ones setting to the next doubles or halves the amount of light reaching the sensor or film
changing the shutter speed from one setting tot the next does the same thing
either changes the exposure one stop
 Stop Actionstop motion
 Stop Downto decrease the size of the lens aperture
the opposite of open up
 Symmetrybalanced proportions
each half of the photograph corresponds with the other side 
 Syntaxthe medium by which the photograph is made
things like format, framing, process, perspective, etc
 Texturethe visual and especially tactile quality of a surface
 Vertical Locationa photo taken from an aerial location 
 Visual Literacythe ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from information presented in the form of an image
  Diane Arbus
Child with a Toy Hand Grenade in Central Park, NYC
Normal people to look abnormal
  Diane Arbus 
Brooklyn Family
  August Sander
Konitor, Koln
Documented different types of people
  August Sander
Farm Girls
  Alfred Stieglitz
Georgia OKeeffe
  Harry Callahan
Eleanor and Barbara
photographed his wife
represented the woman

  Sally Mann
Father and Daughter
photographed girls at age 12
from "Immediate Family" book
  Sally Mann
Jessie at 5
from "Immediate Family" book
  Nan Goldin
Cookie at Tin Pan Alley, NYC
Ballad of Sexual Dependency
  Nan Goldin
Jimmy Paulette and Taboo! in the Bathroom, NYC
Ballad of Sexual Dependency 
  Cathrine Opie
self portrait
representing a homosexual relationship with a family 
  Morimura Yasamuasa
Marcell
plays all characters in all pictures
  Morimura Yasamuasa
Portrait
  Marcel Duchamp
Duchamp as Rrose Selavy
  Chuck Close
Holograms
  Ana Mendieta
Untitled
Displacement 
  Cindy Sherman
Untitled Film Still #43
Archetypes 
  Cindy Sherman 
archetypes
  Cindy Sherman 
archetypes 
  Anthony Aziz and Samuel Cucher
Dystopia Series Lynn
no face to hide the identity 
  Anthony Aziz and Samuel Cucher
Dystopia Series Ken
  Loretta Lux
The Drummer
Painted the backdrops and modified the children 
  Loretta Lux 
Keisuke
  Arnold Newman
Igor Stravinsky
images with subjects in what they do
  Arnold Newman
Georgia O'Keeffe, Ghost Ranch, New Mexico
  Irving Penn
Three Asario Mudmen
fashion photography
decontextualized 
  Annie Leibovitz
Miley Cyrus
Vanity Fair
  Annie Leibovitz
Queen Elizabeth II 2007
Took the picture of outside and then of the Queen and did a double composite exposure 
  Richard Avedon
In the American West: Sandra Bennett: Rocky Ford, Colorado
different types of people in the American West
  Richard Avedon
In the American West:Juan Patricio Lobato, Carney Rocky Ford, Colorado
Different types of people in the American West 
  Nicholas Nixon
Brown Sisters 2000
same order every year
showed the process of them aging 
  Nicholas Nixon 
Old People Series
  Nicholas Nixon
Cambridge
  Rineke Dijkstra
Hilton Head Island, S.C., USA, June 24, 1992
teens at awkward age 

  Rineke Dijkstra
Almersia, Wormer, Leidschendam, The Netherlands, June 25, 2003
  Lise Sarfati
USA. various. USA. Texas, Austin. Selina 
teens at awkward age 
  Lise Safati
Lithuania. Euro visions. 2004. Lithuania. The Euro Visions project
  Jonathan Torgovnik
Valnentine with daughters Amerlie and Inez
Uganda children with children of rape 
  Jonathan Torgovnik
Annet with her son, Peter, 2006
  Andre Kertesz
Crossroads, Blois (Carrefour, Blois)
Great composition with the lighting, what is entering and exiting the scene, what is fully in the frame and the implied triangles
  Robert Frank
from: The Americans
controversial because it was a black woman with a white baby, not generally photographed during this time 
  Nan Goldin
From The Ballad of Sexual Dependency 
  Jim Goldberg
Raised by Wolves "Hits of Acid"
photographed kids that were on the street 
run away teens 
  Edward Weston
Peppers
photographed peppers that had a sexual look 
  Edward Weston
woman

  Henri Cartier-Bresson
Place de apos, Europe, Paris
the decisive moment
both feet are in the air 
  Henri Cartier-Bresson
Inside the sliding doors of the bullfight arena 
  John Coplans
Body of Work: Back with Arms Above
  John Coplans
feet
  David Hockney
Ceilia, Los Angeles
  Duane Michals
double exposure
the idea of time 
  Duane Michals
Self Portrait as if I were Dead
the idea of time 
  William Eggleston
Untitled, tricycle 
  Robert Mapplethorpe

  Robert Mapplethorpe
had his subject posed similarly to famous paintings or sculptures 
  George Dureau
Wilber Hines
photographed people that were not necessarily "normal" 
  George Dureau
Roosevelt Singleton
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