Koofers

Exam Review - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:ART 251RM - Italian Art History I
Subject:Art
University:Saint Mary's College
Term:Unknown
- of -
INCORRECT CORRECT
- INCORRECT     - CORRECT     - SKIPPED
Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW)
Hide Keyboard shortcuts
Next card
Previous card
Mark correct
Mark incorrect
Flip card
Start Over
Shuffle
      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
Plan of a Roman House 1st century typical house in Pompeii Fauces (entrance) Atrium- a large space with a rectangular opening through which one looked to the sky. a little pool called the IMPLUVIUM the entrance, a larger room called the TABLINUM was used as a public reception area. The dining room, the TRICLINIUM enclosed colonnaded garden, or PERISTYLE On the other hand, the core of the house, around the atrium, could be closed up as a barrier against cold winds when necessary. House of the upper class are much better documente
Ara Pacis 13-9 BC Mother earth, nursing children Air, Water Or Peace (mother) The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace)
Mosaic in Church of Constantia Mosaic in the Mausoleum of St. Constanza (360 AD) Used on the ceiling (APSE) -Peacocks: eternal life -birds: Christian Soul: lightest animal -fruits: Christ is the fruit of salvation -grapes: wine : eucharist -pinecones: redemption resurrection, new life -spoons: used during eucharisy -Putti busy: making wine (taken from vineyard) -three guys: holy trinity -portrait of constanza
Augustus as a Priest From via labicana, Rome First century AD Marble Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome Prima Porta Pontifex maximus: high priest
Generated by Koofers.com
Arch of Constantine 312-315 AD put up to honor Constantine and power over Maxentius largest to be ever erected Refliefs taken from earlier monuments of Trojan, Hadrian, and Marcus Aurelius Not only decline of sculptural activity, but as a result of imperial propaganda associating Constantine to the good emperors. lack of highly skilled artisans at 4th century rome had not been centre of government
Column of Trajan Denube Personification (river) to fight the Dacians Low relief Landscape Trajan is always in profile (like the coin), he is always a little bigger too. Crowds background Analythical, factual reporting Fluidity of lines naturalistic 112-113 AD Bronze statue of Trajan at top (then)- St. Peters 16th century now on top served several functions: remember the height of the dug away hill showcase of T’s exploits Tomb of his ashes
Column of Marcus Aurelius Column of Marcus Aurelius (colonna Antonina) 181 AD; column was built to commemorate the victory after the Denubians the miracle of the rain (Romans were able to defeat their enemies thanks to rain) destruction of a native village Attack on a native fortification TESTUDO turtle
Apotheosis of Antonius the Pius and Faustina Apotheosis of Antoninus and Faustina Base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome 161 AD Musei Vaticani Marble pedestal, red granite shaft, bronze statue Classical symbolism, classical style, Winged genius, emperor and his wife ascend to heaven while Rome and glory wave them farewell Genius: between an angel and an entity that supervises certain activities (genius of death, war, peace) Snake is animal of underworld/everlasting life (Snake eating itself: Ourobows)
Generated by Koofers.com
Trajan Bust Cold Naked Power Portrait Bust of Trajan. 98-117 AD London, British Museum Heroic nudity Augustan portraiture as a model Coldness, remoteness of a superhuman being Not completely frontal
Commodus as Hercules Lion Apples Club Representation of shield with a gorgons head, two cornucopias and celestial globe 191 AD Rome, Palazzo dei Conservatori
Basilica of Constantine Beginning of the 4th century Michael Angelo took this as model for St. Peters Basilica Basilica Nova, Maxentius and Constantine (306-313 AD) Broad nave covered by 3 cross-vaults Cross-vaults sprang at the level of the top of the barrel-vaults Vaults were originally decorated with deeply sunken coffers. Columns have no structural function
Arch of Titus Sacking of the Jewish Temple Arch of Titus, AD 81 Celebrates the capture of Jerusalem in 70 AD Arrival of emperor
Generated by Koofers.com
The Four Tetrads making an alliance 305 AD Two Augustan rulers Two Caesar Rulers Different location and duties To make Roman Empire more solid (no gaps) Porphyri : purple marble
Antonius the Pius 140-150 AD Rome Bowdoin College Museum of Fine Arts, Brunswick, Maine Nicknamed Pious- he was very religious Good character; the people liked him a lot Soft chubby faces, curls, (kind of) idealization (a good amount)
Theater of Marcellus Rome Nephew of Augustus (Marcellus) Used as model for the Colosseum Theater of Marcellus Commissioned by JC to rival theater of Pompey Built and Dedicated by Augustus 17-11 BC The Theatre of Marcellus (Latin: Theatrum Marcelli, Italian: Teatro di Marcello) is an ancient open-air theatre built in the closing years of the Roman Republic. in 12 BC by Augustus.[1]
Vespasian Promoter of Colosseum Determinded, strong, Wrinkles, Few teeth Portrait of Vespasian: 75 AD Unknown Artist (all you need is bread and entertainment) Very Realistic: many wrinkles, big nose, balding, loss his teeth Imperial Portraits: one is the Official Version (needs to be exhibited in basilica, forum- idealistic) and the other is Private Version (people who knew him)
Generated by Koofers.com
Romans battling barbarians sarcophagus: Ludovisi Collection Marcus Aurelius-esque but much more clutter AD 250 Rome, Museo di Palazzo Altemps Deeply cut, Most beautiful Victorious General (his glory is everlasting) Extremely detailed Man playing trumpet (his cheeks are full blowing) Detail of dresses and curly hair Lack of space (Horror Vacui)
Detail of Arch of Septimius Severus Triumph over Arabs 197-203 AD (203 AD) Roman Forum Representations of Victories fill the spandrels of the central arch and river gods occupy the spandrels of the side arches; small boys representing the four seasons stand just below. The flying victories, carrying trophies on long sticks, are descendants of those on the Arch of Titus, but the effect body, drapery, and wings is becoming less gently modeled in the old classical style, and rather more harsh and linear.
Portrait of Septimius and Julia Donne (imperial family) 199 AD Septimius, Julia Domna, Caracalla and Geta (Geta destroyed) Painted on Wood In Berlin museum
Caracalla Early to mid-third century AD Marble Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Shows his personality (determination and power) Caracalla killed Geta. He wanted to be the only emperor
Generated by Koofers.com
Colossal Statue of Constantine Body in wood, extremities in marble Frontal presentation Eyes look to heaven (and finger points to heaven) The Colossus of Constantine was a colossal acrolithic statue of Constantine the Great (c. 280–337) that once occupied the west apse of the Basilica of Maxentius in the Forum Romanum in Rome. Portions of the Colossus now reside in the Courtyard of the Palazzo dei Conservatori of the Musei Capitolini, on the Capitoline Hill, above the west end of the Forum.
Baptistery of Saint John Lateran Bricks: Opus Patericium 338 AD Rome, San Giovanni in Laterano, Baptistery 330 Ca. Octagonal plan Brick faceting Double series of columns in the interior Stay isolated from church since those who are not baptized could not enter a church. Opus lasceritum 8: 8th day resurrection: judgement day (7 days of creation) walking baptism
Constantia Sarcophagus porphyry Putti pressing wine, picking up grapes Mid 4th century AD Rome, Vatican 350 ca. Putti (winged babies, pushing grapes (wine)) Peacocks were believed to have flesh that doesn’t rot after death
Sarcophagus showing stories from the Old and New Testament Junius Bassus Sarcophagus 359 AD, Rome, Vatican general theme: redemption of humanity from sin= Adam and eve 2 registers of 5 compartments framed by columns NO representation of deceased Borrows patterns from imperial Iconography St. Peter's Grottoes, 359 AD Jesus giving Peter and Paul the scrolls: TRADITIO LEGIS
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

  Hide All 24 Print
 
Front
Back
 Plan of a Roman House1st century typical house in Pompeii
Fauces (entrance)
Atrium- a large space with a rectangular opening through which one looked to the sky. a little pool called the IMPLUVIUM
the entrance, a larger room called the TABLINUM was used as a public reception area. The dining room, the TRICLINIUM
enclosed colonnaded garden, or PERISTYLE
On the other hand, the core of the house, around the atrium, could be closed up as a barrier against cold winds when necessary.
House of the upper class are much better documente
 Ara Pacis13-9 BC
Mother earth, nursing children
Air, Water
Or Peace (mother)
The Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin, "Altar of Augustan Peace)
 Mosaic in Church of ConstantiaMosaic in the Mausoleum of St. Constanza (360 AD)
Used on the ceiling (APSE)
-Peacocks: eternal life
-birds: Christian Soul: lightest animal
-fruits: Christ is the fruit of salvation
-grapes: wine : eucharist
-pinecones: redemption resurrection, new life
-spoons: used during eucharisy
-Putti busy: making wine (taken from vineyard)
-three guys: holy trinity
-portrait of constanza
 Augustus as a PriestFrom via labicana, Rome
First century AD
Marble
Palazzo Massimo alle Terme, Rome
Prima Porta
Pontifex maximus: high priest
 Arch of Constantine312-315 AD
put up to honor Constantine and power over Maxentius
largest to be ever erected
Refliefs taken from earlier monuments of Trojan, Hadrian, and Marcus Aurelius
Not only decline of sculptural activity, but as a result of imperial propaganda associating Constantine to the good emperors.
lack of highly skilled artisans
at 4th century rome had not been centre of government
 Column of TrajanDenube Personification (river) to fight the Dacians
Low relief
Landscape
Trajan is always in profile (like the coin), he is always a little bigger too.
Crowds background
Analythical, factual reporting
Fluidity of lines naturalistic
112-113 AD
Bronze statue of Trajan at top (then)- St. Peters 16th century now on top
served several functions:
remember the height of the dug away hill
showcase of T’s exploits
Tomb of his ashes
 Column of Marcus AureliusColumn of Marcus Aurelius (colonna Antonina)
181 AD;
column was built to commemorate the victory after the Denubians
the miracle of the rain (Romans were able to defeat their enemies thanks to rain)
destruction of a native village
Attack on a native fortification TESTUDO turtle
 Apotheosis of Antonius the Pius and FaustinaApotheosis of Antoninus and Faustina
Base of the Column of Antoninus Pius, Rome
161 AD
Musei Vaticani
Marble pedestal, red granite shaft, bronze statue
Classical symbolism, classical style,
Winged genius, emperor and his wife ascend to heaven while Rome and glory wave them farewell
Genius: between an angel and an entity that supervises certain activities (genius of death, war, peace)
Snake is animal of underworld/everlasting life (Snake eating itself: Ourobows)
 Trajan BustCold
Naked
Power
Portrait Bust of Trajan. 98-117 AD London, British Museum
Heroic nudity
Augustan portraiture as a model
Coldness, remoteness of a superhuman being
Not completely frontal
 Commodus as HerculesLion
Apples
Club
Representation of shield with a gorgons head, two cornucopias and celestial globe
191 AD
Rome, Palazzo dei Conservatori
 Basilica of ConstantineBeginning of the 4th century
Michael Angelo took this as model for St. Peters Basilica
Basilica Nova, Maxentius and Constantine (306-313 AD)
Broad nave covered by 3 cross-vaults
Cross-vaults sprang at the level of the top of the barrel-vaults
Vaults were originally decorated with deeply sunken coffers.
Columns have no structural function
 Arch of TitusSacking of the Jewish Temple
Arch of Titus, AD 81
Celebrates the capture of Jerusalem in 70 AD
Arrival of emperor
 The Four Tetrads making an alliance305 AD
Two Augustan rulers
Two Caesar Rulers
Different location and duties
To make Roman Empire more solid (no gaps)
Porphyri : purple marble
 Antonius the Pius140-150 AD
Rome
Bowdoin College Museum of Fine Arts, Brunswick, Maine
Nicknamed Pious- he was very religious
Good character; the people liked him a lot
Soft chubby faces, curls, (kind of) idealization (a good amount)
 Theater of MarcellusRome
Nephew of Augustus (Marcellus)
Used as model for the Colosseum
Theater of Marcellus Commissioned by JC to rival theater of Pompey Built and Dedicated by Augustus 17-11 BC
The Theatre of Marcellus (Latin: Theatrum Marcelli, Italian: Teatro di Marcello) is an ancient open-air theatre built in the closing years of the Roman Republic.
in 12 BC by Augustus.[1]
 VespasianPromoter of Colosseum
Determinded, strong, Wrinkles, Few teeth
Portrait of Vespasian: 75 AD Unknown Artist
(all you need is bread and entertainment)
Very Realistic: many wrinkles, big nose, balding, loss his teeth
Imperial Portraits: one is the Official Version (needs to be exhibited in basilica, forum- idealistic) and the other is Private Version (people who knew him)
 Romans battling barbarians sarcophagus: Ludovisi CollectionMarcus Aurelius-esque but much more clutter
AD 250
Rome, Museo di Palazzo Altemps
Deeply cut, Most beautiful
Victorious General (his glory is everlasting)
Extremely detailed
Man playing trumpet (his cheeks are full blowing)
Detail of dresses and curly hair
Lack of space (Horror Vacui)
 Detail of Arch of Septimius SeverusTriumph over Arabs 197-203 AD (203 AD)
Roman Forum
Representations of Victories fill the spandrels of the central arch and river gods occupy the spandrels of the side arches; small boys representing the four seasons stand just below. The flying victories, carrying trophies on long sticks, are descendants of those on the Arch of Titus, but the effect body, drapery, and wings is becoming less gently modeled in the old classical style, and rather more harsh and linear.
 Portrait of Septimius and Julia Donne (imperial family)199 AD
Septimius, Julia Domna, Caracalla and Geta (Geta destroyed)
Painted on Wood
In Berlin museum
 CaracallaEarly to mid-third century AD
Marble
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Shows his personality (determination and power)
Caracalla killed Geta. He wanted to be the only emperor
 Colossal Statue of ConstantineBody in wood, extremities in marble
Frontal presentation
Eyes look to heaven (and finger points to heaven)
The Colossus of Constantine was a colossal acrolithic statue of Constantine the Great (c. 280–337) that once occupied the west apse of the Basilica of Maxentius in the Forum Romanum in Rome. Portions of the Colossus now reside in the Courtyard of the Palazzo dei Conservatori of the Musei Capitolini, on the Capitoline Hill, above the west end of the Forum.
 Baptistery of Saint John LateranBricks: Opus Patericium
338 AD
Rome, San Giovanni in Laterano, Baptistery 330 Ca.
Octagonal plan
Brick faceting
Double series of columns in the interior
Stay isolated from church since those who are not baptized could not enter a church.
Opus lasceritum
8: 8th day resurrection: judgement day (7 days of creation)
walking baptism
 Constantia Sarcophagus porphyryPutti pressing wine, picking up grapes
Mid 4th century AD
Rome, Vatican 350 ca.
Putti (winged babies, pushing grapes (wine))
Peacocks were believed to have flesh that doesn’t rot after death
 Sarcophagus showing stories from the Old and New TestamentJunius Bassus Sarcophagus
359 AD, Rome, Vatican
general theme: redemption of humanity from sin= Adam and eve
2 registers of 5 compartments framed by columns
NO representation of deceased
Borrows patterns from imperial Iconography
St. Peter's Grottoes, 359 AD
Jesus giving Peter and Paul the scrolls: TRADITIO LEGIS
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"