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lab practical 1 - Flashcards

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Class:BIOL 2404 - Intro Anatomy & Physiology
Subject:
University:Austin Community College District
Term:Fall 2014
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What is A? cell Cilia- movement of material of cells surface
What is B? cell Cytosol- intracellular fluid has has nutrients, ions, waste products
What is C? cell Centriole- essential for movement of chromosomes
What is D? cell Mitochondria- powerhouse of a cell
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What is E? cell Rough endoplasmic reticulum- modifies and packages newly synthesized proteins
What is F? cell Nucleus envelop- double membrane that surrounds nucleus
What is G? cell Nuclear pores- communication between nucleus and cytosol that permits movement of small molecules
What is H? cell Fixed ribosome- bound to endoplasmic reticulum, used for protein synthesis
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What is S? cell Chromatin- tangle of fine filaments
What is R? cell Nucleolus- site of rRNA synthesis and assembly of ribosomal subunits
What isQ? cell Nucleoplasm- contains nucleotides, enzymes, nucleoproteins
What is P? cell Free ribosomes- scattered in cytoplasm used for protein synthesis
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What is O? cell Golgi apparatus- stacks of flattened membranes, that stores and alter packages
What is N? cell Cell membrane- surrounds cytoplasm
What is M? cell Cytoskeleton- frame work that gives cytoplasm strength and flexibility
What is L? cell Smooth ER- synthesizes lipids and carbs
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What is K? cell Lysosome- digestive enzymes that remove pathogens
What is J? cell Microvilli- increase surface area and increase absorbtion
What is I? cell Secretory vesicles- fuse with plasma membrane and empty products outside cell by exocytosis
What is a? Simple squamous epethilium- lining of ventral cavities; heart and blood vessels, reduces friction, controls vessel permeability
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What is b? Simple cuboidal epithelium- kidney, tubules, ducts, thyroid gland
What is c? Simple columnar epethelium- lining of stomach, intestine, gall bladder, uterine tubes
What is a? Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium- lining of nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi, and part of male reproductive tract
What is b? Transitional epethelium- urinary bladdder, renal pelvis, ureter
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What is c? Stratified squamous epethelium- surface of skin, lining of mouth, throat, rectum, anus and vagina
What is a? Merocrine- (saliva) secretory vesicles discharged by exocytosis
What is b? Apocrine- sweat glands underneath the arm
What is c? Holocrine- superficial gland cells burst burst and replacement of cells through mitotic division
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What is a? Aerolar tissue- beneath dermis of skin, digestive tract, respiratory and urinary tracts
What is b? Adipose tissue- buttocks, breasts, padding around eyes and kidneys
What is c? Dense regular connective tissue- between skeletal muscle and skeleton
What is a? Hyaline cartilage- sternum, synovial joint
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What is b? Elastic cartilage- external ear, epiglottis, larynx, 
What is c? Fibrocartilage- knee joint, pelvis, intervertebral discs
What is this? Bone (osseous) tissue- calcified, lacunae, osteon
What is a? Mucous membrane- lines digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive tracts
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What is b? Serous membrane- line ventral body cavities (peritoneal, pleural, pericardial cavities)
What is c? Cutaneous membrane- covers all body, aka skin
What is d? Synovial joint-  (patella) line joint cavities and produce fluid 
What is a? Skeletal muscle- long, cylindrical, striated
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What is b? Cardiac muscle- short, branched, striated, intercalated discs
What is c? Smooth muscle tissue- short spindle shaped, no striations, single central nucleus
What is a? Neuron- conduct impulses
What is b? Photomicrograph of neuron cell body- cells that support neurons
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What is A? skin Epidermis-outer layer of skin that provides protection
What is B? skin Dermis- inner layer, responsible for finger prints
What is C? skin **Hypodermis**- also known as 
"subcutaneous" tissue, it stabilizes skin underlying tissues and cushions organs
What is D? skin Hair shaft-projects from epidermis is cuticle, cortex and medulla
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What is E? skin Pore sweat gland duct- releases sweat
What is F? skin Epidermal ridge- increases grip in hands and feet
What is G? skin Dermal papilla- support and nourishes dermis
What is H? skin **Sebaceous gland**- oil glands
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What is I? skin **Arrector pili muscle**- muscle moves or contracts due to emotions and produces "goose pumps" when cold
What is J? skin Sweat gland duct- cools bodies surface
What is K? skin Pressure receptor- responds to mechanical pressure distortion
What is L? skin **Hair folicle**- projects in most part of the skin (hair)
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What is M? skin Artery- takes blood away
What is N? skin Vein- brings blood in
What is O? skin **Sweat gland**- merocrine and apocrine 
What is P? skin Nerve fibers- threadlike expansion in a nerve cell
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What is Q? skin Fat- insulation for body
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 What is A? cellCilia- movement of material of cells surface
 What is B? cellCytosol- intracellular fluid has has nutrients, ions, waste products
 What is C? cellCentriole- essential for movement of chromosomes
 What is D? cellMitochondria- powerhouse of a cell
 What is E? cellRough endoplasmic reticulum- modifies and packages newly synthesized proteins
 What is F? cellNucleus envelop- double membrane that surrounds nucleus
 What is G? cellNuclear pores- communication between nucleus and cytosol that permits movement of small molecules
 What is H? cellFixed ribosome- bound to endoplasmic reticulum, used for protein synthesis
 What is S? cellChromatin- tangle of fine filaments
 What is R? cellNucleolus- site of rRNA synthesis and assembly of ribosomal subunits
 What isQ? cellNucleoplasm- contains nucleotides, enzymes, nucleoproteins
 What is P? cellFree ribosomes- scattered in cytoplasm used for protein synthesis
 What is O? cellGolgi apparatus- stacks of flattened membranes, that stores and alter packages
 What is N? cellCell membrane- surrounds cytoplasm
 What is M? cellCytoskeleton- frame work that gives cytoplasm strength and flexibility
 What is L? cellSmooth ER- synthesizes lipids and carbs
 What is K? cellLysosome- digestive enzymes that remove pathogens
 What is J? cellMicrovilli- increase surface area and increase absorbtion
 What is I? cellSecretory vesicles- fuse with plasma membrane and empty products outside cell by exocytosis
 What is a?Simple squamous epethilium- lining of ventral cavities; heart and blood vessels, reduces friction, controls vessel permeability
 What is b?Simple cuboidal epithelium- kidney, tubules, ducts, thyroid gland
 What is c?Simple columnar epethelium- lining of stomach, intestine, gall bladder, uterine tubes
 What is a?Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium- lining of nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi, and part of male reproductive tract
 What is b?Transitional epethelium- urinary bladdder, renal pelvis, ureter
 What is c?Stratified squamous epethelium- surface of skin, lining of mouth, throat, rectum, anus and vagina
 What is a?Merocrine- (saliva) secretory vesicles discharged by exocytosis
 What is b?Apocrine- sweat glands underneath the arm
 What is c?Holocrine- superficial gland cells burst burst and replacement of cells through mitotic division
 What is a?Aerolar tissue- beneath dermis of skin, digestive tract, respiratory and urinary tracts
 What is b?Adipose tissue- buttocks, breasts, padding around eyes and kidneys
 What is c?Dense regular connective tissue- between skeletal muscle and skeleton
 What is a?Hyaline cartilage- sternum, synovial joint
 What is b?Elastic cartilage- external ear, epiglottis, larynx, 
 What is c?Fibrocartilage- knee joint, pelvis, intervertebral discs
 What is this?Bone (osseous) tissue- calcified, lacunae, osteon
 What is a?Mucous membrane- lines digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive tracts
 What is b?Serous membrane- line ventral body cavities (peritoneal, pleural, pericardial cavities)
 What is c?Cutaneous membrane- covers all body, aka skin
 What is d?Synovial joint-  (patella) line joint cavities and produce fluid 
 What is a?Skeletal muscle- long, cylindrical, striated
 What is b?Cardiac muscle- short, branched, striated, intercalated discs
 What is c?Smooth muscle tissue- short spindle shaped, no striations, single central nucleus
 What is a?Neuron- conduct impulses
 What is b?Photomicrograph of neuron cell body- cells that support neurons
 What is A? skinEpidermis-outer layer of skin that provides protection
 What is B? skinDermis- inner layer, responsible for finger prints
 What is C? skin**Hypodermis**- also known as 
"subcutaneous" tissue, it stabilizes skin underlying tissues and cushions organs
 What is D? skinHair shaft-projects from epidermis is cuticle, cortex and medulla
 What is E? skinPore sweat gland duct- releases sweat
 What is F? skinEpidermal ridge- increases grip in hands and feet
 What is G? skinDermal papilla- support and nourishes dermis
 What is H? skin**Sebaceous gland**- oil glands
 What is I? skin**Arrector pili muscle**- muscle moves or contracts due to emotions and produces "goose pumps" when cold
 What is J? skinSweat gland duct- cools bodies surface
 What is K? skinPressure receptor- responds to mechanical pressure distortion
 What is L? skin**Hair folicle**- projects in most part of the skin (hair)
 What is M? skinArtery- takes blood away
 What is N? skinVein- brings blood in
 What is O? skin**Sweat gland**- merocrine and apocrine 
 What is P? skinNerve fibers- threadlike expansion in a nerve cell
 What is Q? skinFat- insulation for body
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