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lab practical 2 - Flashcards

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Class:BIOL 2404 - Intro Anatomy & Physiology
Subject:
University:Austin Community College District
Term:Fall 2014
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A Proximal Epiphysis- end of bone nearest to midline
B DIaphysis- shaft of long bone
C Distal epiphysis-end located furthest from midline
D Articular cartilage- covers bones ends and prevents infection
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E Spongy bone- loosely packed bone that can support a lot of force, containing red bone marrow
F Blood vessels, veins
G Epiphyseal line-signals end of bone growth when it appears
H Marrow cavity-stores yellow bone marrow also known as medullar cavity
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I Endosteum- tissues that line medullar cavity
J Compact bone- hard dense bone tissue that is beneath the periosteum (outer layer) of bone
K Periosteum- Outer layer of bone
A Frontal sinus- located in forehead of skull
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B Ethmoid sinus- located between nose and eye orbits
C Sphenoid sinus- rapidly develops at puberty, always and behind nose
D Maxillary sinus- largest paranasal sinus on cheek
A Anterior fontanelle- towards front of head, closes by 18 months
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B Sagittal suture- between parietal bones, closes in 6 months
C Occipital fontanelle- between sagittal and lambdoid suture, closes in 3 months
D Coronal suture- between parietal and frontal bones of skull
E Lambdoid suture-  between parietal bones and occipital bones
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A FIbular collateral ligament- lateral ligament of knee that prevents adduction
B Lateral meniscus
C Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)- primarily stabilizes ligament of knee
D Patellar surface- smooth area where patella rests to form knee caps
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E Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)- prevents femur from sliding off tibula
F TIbial collateral ligament- medial ligament of the knee prevents abduction
G Medial meniscus- fibro cartilage on medial side
A Tendon- connects muscle to bone
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B Skeletal muscle
C Epimysium- surrounds entire muscle
D Blood & nerve vessels
E Perimysium- sheet of connective tissue that surrounds muscle fibers
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F Muscle fascicle- bundle of muscle fibers
G Endomysium- aerolar connective tissue within the muscle
H Muscle fiber- cylindrical cell composed of myofibrils that contract when stimulated
A T tubules- veins over muscle fiber
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B Sarcoplasmic reticulum
C Triad
D Sarcolemma
E Mitochindria
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F Thick filament
G Thin filament
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 AProximal Epiphysis- end of bone nearest to midline
 BDIaphysis- shaft of long bone
 CDistal epiphysis-end located furthest from midline
 DArticular cartilage- covers bones ends and prevents infection
 ESpongy bone- loosely packed bone that can support a lot of force, containing red bone marrow
 FBlood vessels, veins
 GEpiphyseal line-signals end of bone growth when it appears
 HMarrow cavity-stores yellow bone marrow also known as medullar cavity
 IEndosteum- tissues that line medullar cavity
 JCompact bone- hard dense bone tissue that is beneath the periosteum (outer layer) of bone
 KPeriosteum- Outer layer of bone
 AFrontal sinus- located in forehead of skull
 BEthmoid sinus- located between nose and eye orbits
 CSphenoid sinus- rapidly develops at puberty, always and behind nose
 DMaxillary sinus- largest paranasal sinus on cheek
 AAnterior fontanelle- towards front of head, closes by 18 months
 BSagittal suture- between parietal bones, closes in 6 months
 COccipital fontanelle- between sagittal and lambdoid suture, closes in 3 months
 DCoronal suture- between parietal and frontal bones of skull
 ELambdoid suture-  between parietal bones and occipital bones
 AFIbular collateral ligament- lateral ligament of knee that prevents adduction
 BLateral meniscus
 CAnterior cruciate ligament (ACL)- primarily stabilizes ligament of knee
 DPatellar surface- smooth area where patella rests to form knee caps
 EPosterior cruciate ligament (PCL)- prevents femur from sliding off tibula
 FTIbial collateral ligament- medial ligament of the knee prevents abduction
 GMedial meniscus- fibro cartilage on medial side
 ATendon- connects muscle to bone
 BSkeletal muscle
 CEpimysium- surrounds entire muscle
 DBlood & nerve vessels
 EPerimysium- sheet of connective tissue that surrounds muscle fibers
 FMuscle fascicle- bundle of muscle fibers
 GEndomysium- aerolar connective tissue within the muscle
 HMuscle fiber- cylindrical cell composed of myofibrils that contract when stimulated
 AT tubules- veins over muscle fiber
 BSarcoplasmic reticulum
 CTriad
 DSarcolemma
 EMitochindria
 FThick filament
 GThin filament
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