Koofers

BSU Flyer Board
Take Notes in Class and Get Paid
Upload your own class notes so your classmates can buy them. Anonymous and paid out weekly.
Posted by NoteCrammer
NoteCrammer »

Nomenclature - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:CHEM 1251 - Principles of Chemistry I
Subject:Chemistry
University:University of North Carolina - Charlotte
Term:Spring 2010
- of -
INCORRECT CORRECT
- INCORRECT     - CORRECT     - SKIPPED
Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW)
Hide Keyboard shortcuts
Next card
Previous card
Mark correct
Mark incorrect
Flip card
Start Over
Shuffle
      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
NH4 + ammonium ion with a plus one charge
H3O + hydronium ion with a plus one charge.
N3 - azide ion; negative one charge
O2 2- peroxide ion; negative 2 charge
Generated by Koofers.com
OH - hydroxide ion; negative one charge
CO3 2- carbonate ion; 2 minus charge
NO3 - nitrate ion; negative one charge
PO4 3- phosphate ion; negative 3 charge
Generated by Koofers.com
PO3 3- phosphite ion; one less oxygen than phosphate with a negative 3 charge.
SO4 2- sulfate ion; 2 minus charge
SO3 2- sulfite ion; one less oxygen than sulfate with a minus 2 charge
ClO3 - chlorate ion; negative one charge
Generated by Koofers.com
ClO2 - chlorite ion; one less oxygen than chlorate with a negative 1 charge
BrO3 - bromate; negative one charge
BrO2 - bromite ion; one less oxygen than bromate with a negative one charge
MnO4 - permanganate ion; negative one charge
Generated by Koofers.com
C2H3O2 - acetate ion
CrO4 2- chromate ion
Cr2O7 2- dichromate ion
HPO4 2- hydrogen phosphate
Generated by Koofers.com
H2PO4 - dihydrogen phosphate
H3PO4 phosphoric acid; phosph"ate" becomes phosphor"ic"
ClO4 - perchlorate ion
ClO - hypochlorite ion
Generated by Koofers.com
HCl hydrochloric acid; no oxygen present, use "hydro"
HI hydroiodic acid; "ide" also becomes "ic"
CN - cyanide
HCN hydrocyanic acid
Generated by Koofers.com
H2SO4 sulfuric acid
H2SO3 sulfurous acid; sulf"ite" becomes sulfur"ous"
ammonium phosphate (NH4)3PO4 ionic compound NH4+ + PO4 3- ; exchange charges between the cation and anion.
dinitrogen monoxide N2O molecular compound (non metal + nonmetal)- use prefixes. cation remains the same anion add ide ending.
Generated by Koofers.com
titanium(IV) sulfite Ti2(SO3)4 = Ti(SO3)2 ; reduce the ratio ionic compound (metal + nonmetal) transition/heavy metals require roman numerals to indicate charge because they have more than one type of charge.
NO2 nitrogen dioxide molecular compound (nonmetal + nonmetal)- use prefixes mono is not used on the cation, or the first element of the compound.
P4O10 tetraphosphorus decoxide molecular compound- use prefixes decaoxide becomes decoxide because of the double vowels "a" then "o".
SiCl4 silicon tetrachloride molecular compound- use prefixes
Generated by Koofers.com
Ca(NO3)2 calcium nitrate ionic compound Ca 2+ + NO3 - ; exchange charges
Ni(OH)2 nickel(II) hydroxide ionic compound transition metals- use roman numerals
H2S hydrosulfuric acid; no oxygen = "hydro"; sulf"ide" becomes sulfur"ic"
HNO3 nitric acid; nitr"ate" becomes nitr"ic"
Generated by Koofers.com
HNO2 nitrous acid ; lose an oxygen nitr"ite" becomes nitr"ous"
HBr hydrobromic acid
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

  Hide All 42 Print
 
Front
Back
 NH4 +ammonium ion with a plus one charge
 H3O +hydronium ion with a plus one charge.
 N3 -azide ion; negative one charge
 O2 2-peroxide ion; negative 2 charge
 OH -hydroxide ion; negative one charge
 CO3 2-carbonate ion; 2 minus charge
 NO3 -nitrate ion; negative one charge
 PO4 3-phosphate ion; negative 3 charge
 PO3 3-phosphite ion; one less oxygen than phosphate with a negative 3 charge.
 SO4 2-sulfate ion; 2 minus charge
 SO3 2-sulfite ion; one less oxygen than sulfate with a minus 2 charge
 ClO3 - chlorate ion; negative one charge
 ClO2 -chlorite ion; one less oxygen than chlorate with a negative 1 charge
 BrO3 -bromate; negative one charge
 BrO2 -bromite ion; one less oxygen than bromate with a negative one charge
 MnO4 -permanganate ion; negative one charge
 C2H3O2 -acetate ion
 CrO4 2-chromate ion
 Cr2O7 2-dichromate ion
 HPO4 2-hydrogen phosphate
 H2PO4 -dihydrogen phosphate
 H3PO4phosphoric acid; phosph"ate" becomes phosphor"ic"
 ClO4 -perchlorate ion
 ClO -hypochlorite ion
 HClhydrochloric acid; no oxygen present, use "hydro"
 HIhydroiodic acid; "ide" also becomes "ic"
 CN -cyanide
 HCNhydrocyanic acid
 H2SO4sulfuric acid
 H2SO3sulfurous acid; sulf"ite" becomes sulfur"ous"
 ammonium phosphate(NH4)3PO4
ionic compound
NH4+ + PO4 3- ; exchange charges between the cation and anion.
 dinitrogen monoxideN2O
molecular compound (non metal + nonmetal)- use prefixes.
cation remains the same
anion add ide ending.
 titanium(IV) sulfiteTi2(SO3)4 = Ti(SO3)2 ; reduce the ratio
ionic compound (metal + nonmetal)
transition/heavy metals require roman numerals to indicate charge because they have more than one type of charge.
 NO2nitrogen dioxide
molecular compound (nonmetal + nonmetal)- use prefixes
mono is not used on the cation, or the first element of the compound.
 P4O10tetraphosphorus decoxide
molecular compound- use prefixes
decaoxide becomes decoxide because of the double vowels "a" then "o".
 SiCl4silicon tetrachloride
molecular compound- use prefixes
 Ca(NO3)2calcium nitrate
ionic compound
Ca 2+ + NO3 - ; exchange charges
 Ni(OH)2nickel(II) hydroxide
ionic compound
transition metals- use roman numerals
 H2Shydrosulfuric acid;
no oxygen = "hydro";
sulf"ide" becomes sulfur"ic"
 HNO3nitric acid; nitr"ate" becomes nitr"ic"
 HNO2nitrous acid ; lose an oxygen
nitr"ite" becomes nitr"ous"
 HBrhydrobromic acid
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"