Koofers

Final Exam - Comprehensive Questions - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:CHLH 101 - Introduction to Public Health
Subject:Community Health
University:University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign
Term:Spring 2011
- of -
INCORRECT CORRECT
- INCORRECT     - CORRECT     - SKIPPED
Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW)
Hide Keyboard shortcuts
Next card
Previous card
Mark correct
Mark incorrect
Flip card
Start Over
Shuffle
      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
A state of complete physical, mental, and social well being & not merely the absence of disease. Health
Father of Epidemiology. Cholera "mapping" John Snow
Established health reports. Lemuel Shattuck
Founded the Germ Theory of Disease Louis Pateur
Generated by Koofers.com
WHO is an international ______ health agency. Governmental
"The study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in human populations." Epidemiology
Diseases that occur regularly in a population Endemic diseases
An unexpectedly large # of cases of disease in a particular population. Epidemic
Generated by Koofers.com
The 6 parts of the chain of infection Pathogen
Reservoir
Portal of exit
Transmission
Portal of entry
New host
The 2 types of transmission Direct and indirect
2 examples of direct transmission Direct contact and droplet spread
3 examples of indirect transmission Air, Vector, and Vehicleborne
Generated by Koofers.com
4 examples of portals of entry Mouth, skin, intravenous, and gastrointestinal
The forestalling of the onset of illness or injury during the pre-pathogenesis period (before the disease process begins) Primary prevention
The early diagnosis and prompt treatment of diseases before the disease becomes advanced and disability becomes severe. Secondary prevention
Is to retrain, reeducate, and rehabilitate the patient who has already incurred disability Tertiary prevention
Generated by Koofers.com
What is the age pyramid? Young old
Middle old
Oldest old

What were the leading causes of death during the early 20th century? Infectious and communicable diseases
The time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until signs and symptoms of the disease appear. Incubation period
An outbreak of disease over a wide geographical area such as a continent. Pandemic
Generated by Koofers.com
An unexpectedly large number of cases of disease in a particular population Epidemic
A disease that occurs regularly in a population Endemic disease
Infectious diseases for which health officials request or require reporting for public health reasons Notifiable diseases
The study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in human populations. Epidemiology
Generated by Koofers.com
The number of years lost when death occurs before the age of 65 or 75. Years of potential life lost
Statistical summaries of records of major life events Vital statistics
A set of criteria for deciding whether a person has a particular disease or other health-related condition. Case definition
Two groups are studied - allow for testing of hypotheses about relationships b/t health problems Analytical studies
Generated by Koofers.com
Compares those diagnosed with a disease with those who do not have the disease. Case/control study
Ratio of odds of exposure among cases to odds of exposure among non-cases. Odds ratio
Compares non-diseased groups and whether exposed or unexposed to a factor determines rates of disease. Cohort study
Measure of association b/t incidence of disease in unexposed group & exposed group Relative risk
Generated by Koofers.com
A study carried out under controlled conditions. Use statistical t-test or F-test to test probability of differences b/t groups. Experimental
A federal law that required all states to adopt legislation that prohibits the sale and distribution of tobacco products to people under 18 Synar ammendment
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

  Hide All 34 Print
 
Front
Back
 A state of complete physical, mental, and social well being & not merely the absence of disease.Health
 Father of Epidemiology. Cholera "mapping"John Snow
 Established health reports.Lemuel Shattuck
 Founded the Germ Theory of DiseaseLouis Pateur
 WHO is an international ______ health agency.Governmental
 "The study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in human populations."Epidemiology
 Diseases that occur regularly in a populationEndemic diseases
 An unexpectedly large # of cases of disease in a particular population.Epidemic
 The 6 parts of the chain of infectionPathogen
Reservoir
Portal of exit
Transmission
Portal of entry
New host
 The 2 types of transmissionDirect and indirect
 2 examples of direct transmissionDirect contact and droplet spread
 3 examples of indirect transmissionAir, Vector, and Vehicleborne
 4 examples of portals of entryMouth, skin, intravenous, and gastrointestinal
 The forestalling of the onset of illness or injury during the pre-pathogenesis period (before the disease process begins)Primary prevention
 The early diagnosis and prompt treatment of diseases before the disease becomes advanced and disability becomes severe.Secondary prevention
 Is to retrain, reeducate, and rehabilitate the patient who has already incurred disabilityTertiary prevention
 What is the age pyramid?Young old
Middle old
Oldest old

 What were the leading causes of death during the early 20th century?Infectious and communicable diseases
 The time from the moment of exposure to an infectious agent until signs and symptoms of the disease appear.Incubation period
 An outbreak of disease over a wide geographical area such as a continent.Pandemic
 An unexpectedly large number of cases of disease in a particular populationEpidemic
 A disease that occurs regularly in a populationEndemic disease
 Infectious diseases for which health officials request or require reporting for public health reasonsNotifiable diseases
 The study of the distribution and determinants of diseases and injuries in human populations.Epidemiology
 The number of years lost when death occurs before the age of 65 or 75.Years of potential life lost
 Statistical summaries of records of major life eventsVital statistics
 A set of criteria for deciding whether a person has a particular disease or other health-related condition.Case definition
 Two groups are studied - allow for testing of hypotheses about relationships b/t health problemsAnalytical studies
 Compares those diagnosed with a disease with those who do not have the disease.Case/control study
 Ratio of odds of exposure among cases to odds of exposure among non-cases.Odds ratio
 Compares non-diseased groups and whether exposed or unexposed to a factor determines rates of disease.Cohort study
 Measure of association b/t incidence of disease in unexposed group & exposed groupRelative risk
 A study carried out under controlled conditions. Use statistical t-test or F-test to test probability of differences b/t groups.Experimental
 A federal law that required all states to adopt legislation that prohibits the sale and distribution of tobacco products to people under 18Synar ammendment
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"