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ch 1-5 - Flashcards

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Class:CLA 131 - MED TERMINOL GREEK/LATIN
Subject:Classics
University:University of Kentucky
Term:Spring 2010
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endocarditis Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium.
arthropathy disease of the joint
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
hypodermic below the skin
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fibrous pertaining to fiber
intradermal pertaining to within the skin
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
cardiology study of the heart
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thermometer measueres temperature
cardiopathy disease of the heart
laparoscope instrument used for viewing the abdomen
laparoscopy process in which an instrument is used to view the abdomen
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syndrome group of symptoms running together
hematemesis vommiting blood
cardiomalacia softening or degeneration of heart tissue
biopsy removal and examination of tissue
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hypoxia oxygen level is low
hemophillia uncontrolled blood loss
dysphagia painful or difficult in eating or swallowing
aphasia without or absence of speaking
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hypophysis a growth below
quadriplegia paralysis of four limbs
osteoma tumor of the bone
homeostasis maintain internal stability
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arthralgia pain in a joint
myasthenia weakness of muscle
hysteratresia absence of the uterine cavity
meningocele hernia of the meninges of the brain or spinal column
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tenodynia pain in the tendon
toxemia a condition in which toxins are found in the blood
adenosis condition of a gland
embolism condition in which a blood vessel i blocked by an embolus or clot
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lipoma tumor of fat tissue
adenopathy disease of a gland
calcipena an abnormal reduction of calcium
hydrophobia fear of water
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neoplasia new formation or growth
hemorrhage condition of profuse bleeding
rhinorrhagia nose bleed
seborrhea excessive discharge from the sebacious glands
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amniorrhexis rupture of the membrane enclosing a fetus known as the amnion
arteriosclerosis artery walls are hardenning and thickening
bronchospasm sudden involuntary contraction of the musclcular lining of the bronchi
cephalad toward the head
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polycythemia condition of overproduction of red blood cells
pathology study of diseases and the structural and functional changes the cause
chiropractic health care practice involving the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal and nervous system disorders
thoracocentesis surgical puncture is made into the chest cavity to remove fluid
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osteoclases surgicial procedure to correct deformity where bone is broken apart
arthrodesis surgical fixation or fusion of two or more joints using bone grafts or metall rods
chondrectomy excision of cartilage
gastroectomy excision of the stomach
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angiogram a record or xray image of arteries
angiograph an instrument for recording arteries
angiography process of recording an angiogram
urinometry measuring the specific gravity of urine
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mastopexy surgical fixation or lifting of the breasts
prophylaxis protective treatment to prevent disease
gastroplasty surgical repair of the stomach
angiorrhaphy the suturing of a blood vessel
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gastroscope an instrument for viewing and treating the stomach
gastroscopy the process of viewing the stomach
craniotome cutting instrument used during craniotomy(an incision)
lithotripsy to crush unwanted stones that form in the kidney or gallbladders
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ovulation process of ovulating
intravenous pertaning to to within a vein
hypertension excessive, abnoramlly high
anticonvulsive type of drug used to stop convulsions
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aphasia absence of speech
conjoined twins are joined together
contraception against conception
metabolism process by which foods are changed into elemets the body can use
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ambidextrous ability to use both hands equally
bifocal pertaining to two focal points
bipara women who has given birth two times
diplopia double vision
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hemiplegia paralysis of half the body
monoplegia paralysis of on limb or one muscle group
multiple myeloma disease of the bone marrow in which numerous myelomas (tumors) are found in the bone marrow of different bones
multipara given birth multiple times
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nulligravida never having been pregnant
oliguria secretion of less then 400mL of urine in 24 hr.
oligospermia body produces little or insufficient amount of sperm
pansinusitis inflammation of all paranasal sinuses on one or both sides of the nose
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polyphagia excessive eating
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyuria excessive urination
polyarteritis inflammation of many medium and small arteries where they branch
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primipara a women who has given birth for the first time
primigravida women who is pregnant for the first time
abduction away from the midline of the body
adduction toward the midline of the body
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anatomy process of cutting up
prenatal or antenatal before birth
dialysis to loosen through- procedure that removes uric acid and urea from circulating blood
dislocation dislocated part is apart or away from its normal position in the body
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ectopic pregnancy the fertilized egg implants somewhere outside the uterus
endogastric within the stomach
epidermis outermost layer of skin
esotropia the eye deviates inward
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exotropia the eye deviates away from its normal postition
extra outside
inferior a position below another point of refernce
intervertebral a position between the vertebrae
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intra within
paracusis abnormal hearing or disorder in hearing
pericardium covers area around the heart
postpartum and postnatal to follow after birth
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hypodermis and hyposubcutaneous below the skin
superior a position above another point of reference
syndrome a group of symptoms that occur together
aseptic sterile
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asymptomatic not having any symptoms
anoxia without oxygen
bradycardia condition of a slow heart
bradykinesia condition of slow or decreasing movement
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circumcision surgery to remove the foreskin around the penis
dyslexia disablity involving impaired reading spelling and writing
hyperthyroidism condition of excessive thyroid hormones in the body
hypothyroidism condition of abnormally low levels of thyroid hormones in the body
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hypocalcemia state of abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
hypothermia abnormally low body temperature
macrocephaly process of large head
malabsorpotion bad absorption
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megalocyte large cell
microcephaly process of small head
neonate newborn
pseudocyesis false pregnancy
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tachycardia abnormally rapid heart rate that is usally defined as more then 100 beats per minute
transvaginal through or acrossthe vagina
transexual cross over to another gender
transverse lie across or in a crosswire direction
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physiology study of nature
homeostasis maintaining internal stability
atom builiding block of the body
molecules atoms binded together
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organelles molecules formed together. large, nonliving structures
cell organelles formed together, most basic form of life
tissues cells arranged together. epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
organ two or more types of tissues combine together to form this. maintain a certain shape and preform a general function
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system a group of organs. 11 systems
Cardiovascular system heart, major arteries and veins; transport substances to and from body cells
lymphatic tonsils, thymus, lymphatic vessels, spleen, lymph nodes; remove unwanted substances and recycle fluid to the blood
respiratory pharynx, nose, trachea, right lung, larynx, bronchial, left lung; exchange gases between the external environment and blood
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digestive pharynx, mouth, salivary gland, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, colon, stomach, pancreas, small intestine; prepare foods for absorption into the bloodstream and eliminate 
urinary urinary bladder, urethra, kidneys, ureters; remove nirtogenous wastes and excess water and salts from the bloodstream
female reproductive mammary glands, fallopian tubes, uterus, ovary, vagina; provide for creation of new individuals
male reproductive vas deferens, testes, prostate, urethram penis; provide for creation of new individuals
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nervous brain, spinal cord, nerves; control homeostasis by sensing changes in the environment, processing information, and initiaiting body responses
endocrine pituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovary, testis; control homeostasis by releasing hormones into the bloodstream , which alter body functions
musculoskeletal bone, muscle, joint, tendon; muscles allow movement of body parts and joints support and protect soft body parts
integumentary hair, sweat glands, skin, sebacous glands, nails, ; protect body from fluid loss and injury
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 endocarditis Endocarditis is an inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium.
 arthropathydisease of the joint
 gastritisinflammation of the stomach
 hypodermicbelow the skin
 fibrouspertaining to fiber
 intradermalpertaining to within the skin
 esophagitisinflammation of the esophagus
 cardiologystudy of the heart
 thermometermeasueres temperature
 cardiopathydisease of the heart
 laparoscopeinstrument used for viewing the abdomen
 laparoscopyprocess in which an instrument is used to view the abdomen
 syndrome group of symptoms running together
 hematemesisvommiting blood
 cardiomalaciasoftening or degeneration of heart tissue
 biopsyremoval and examination of tissue
 hypoxiaoxygen level is low
 hemophilliauncontrolled blood loss
 dysphagiapainful or difficult in eating or swallowing
 aphasiawithout or absence of speaking
 hypophysisa growth below
 quadriplegiaparalysis of four limbs
 osteomatumor of the bone
 homeostasismaintain internal stability
 arthralgiapain in a joint
 myastheniaweakness of muscle
 hysteratresiaabsence of the uterine cavity
 meningocelehernia of the meninges of the brain or spinal column
 tenodyniapain in the tendon
 toxemiaa condition in which toxins are found in the blood
 adenosiscondition of a gland
 embolismcondition in which a blood vessel i blocked by an embolus or clot
 lipomatumor of fat tissue
 adenopathydisease of a gland
 calcipenaan abnormal reduction of calcium
 hydrophobiafear of water
 neoplasianew formation or growth
 hemorrhagecondition of profuse bleeding
 rhinorrhagianose bleed
 seborrheaexcessive discharge from the sebacious glands
 amniorrhexisrupture of the membrane enclosing a fetus known as the amnion
 arteriosclerosisartery walls are hardenning and thickening
 bronchospasmsudden involuntary contraction of the musclcular lining of the bronchi
 cephaladtoward the head
 polycythemiacondition of overproduction of red blood cells
 pathologystudy of diseases and the structural and functional changes the cause
 chiropractichealth care practice involving the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal and nervous system disorders
 thoracocentesissurgical puncture is made into the chest cavity to remove fluid
 osteoclasessurgicial procedure to correct deformity where bone is broken apart
 arthrodesissurgical fixation or fusion of two or more joints using bone grafts or metall rods
 chondrectomyexcision of cartilage
 gastroectomyexcision of the stomach
 angiograma record or xray image of arteries
 angiographan instrument for recording arteries
 angiographyprocess of recording an angiogram
 urinometrymeasuring the specific gravity of urine
 mastopexysurgical fixation or lifting of the breasts
 prophylaxisprotective treatment to prevent disease
 gastroplastysurgical repair of the stomach
 angiorrhaphythe suturing of a blood vessel
 gastroscopean instrument for viewing and treating the stomach
 gastroscopythe process of viewing the stomach
 craniotomecutting instrument used during craniotomy(an incision)
 lithotripsyto crush unwanted stones that form in the kidney or gallbladders
 ovulationprocess of ovulating
 intravenouspertaning to to within a vein
 hypertensionexcessive, abnoramlly high
 anticonvulsivetype of drug used to stop convulsions
 aphasiaabsence of speech
 conjoinedtwins are joined together
 contraceptionagainst conception
 metabolismprocess by which foods are changed into elemets the body can use
 ambidextrousability to use both hands equally
 bifocalpertaining to two focal points
 biparawomen who has given birth two times
 diplopiadouble vision
 hemiplegiaparalysis of half the body
 monoplegiaparalysis of on limb or one muscle group
 multiple myelomadisease of the bone marrow in which numerous myelomas (tumors) are found in the bone marrow of different bones
 multiparagiven birth multiple times
 nulligravidanever having been pregnant
 oliguriasecretion of less then 400mL of urine in 24 hr.
 oligospermiabody produces little or insufficient amount of sperm
 pansinusitisinflammation of all paranasal sinuses on one or both sides of the nose
 polyphagiaexcessive eating
 polydipsiaexcessive thirst
 polyuriaexcessive urination
 polyarteritisinflammation of many medium and small arteries where they branch
 primiparaa women who has given birth for the first time
 primigravidawomen who is pregnant for the first time
 abduction away from the midline of the body
 adductiontoward the midline of the body
 anatomyprocess of cutting up
 prenatal or antenatalbefore birth
 dialysisto loosen through- procedure that removes uric acid and urea from circulating blood
 dislocationdislocated part is apart or away from its normal position in the body
 ectopic pregnancythe fertilized egg implants somewhere outside the uterus
 endogastricwithin the stomach
 epidermisoutermost layer of skin
 esotropiathe eye deviates inward
 exotropiathe eye deviates away from its normal postition
 extraoutside
 inferior a position below another point of refernce
 intervertebrala position between the vertebrae
 intrawithin
 paracusisabnormal hearing or disorder in hearing
 pericardiumcovers area around the heart
 postpartum and postnatalto follow after birth
 hypodermis and hyposubcutaneousbelow the skin
 superiora position above another point of reference
 syndromea group of symptoms that occur together
 asepticsterile
 asymptomaticnot having any symptoms
 anoxiawithout oxygen
 bradycardiacondition of a slow heart
 bradykinesiacondition of slow or decreasing movement
 circumcisionsurgery to remove the foreskin around the penis
 dyslexiadisablity involving impaired reading spelling and writing
 hyperthyroidismcondition of excessive thyroid hormones in the body
 hypothyroidismcondition of abnormally low levels of thyroid hormones in the body
 hypocalcemiastate of abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
 hypothermiaabnormally low body temperature
 macrocephalyprocess of large head
 malabsorpotionbad absorption
 megalocytelarge cell
 microcephalyprocess of small head
 neonatenewborn
 pseudocyesisfalse pregnancy
 tachycardiaabnormally rapid heart rate that is usally defined as more then 100 beats per minute
 transvaginalthrough or acrossthe vagina
 transexualcross over to another gender
 transverselie across or in a crosswire direction
 physiologystudy of nature
 homeostasismaintaining internal stability
 atombuiliding block of the body
 moleculesatoms binded together
 organellesmolecules formed together. large, nonliving structures
 cellorganelles formed together, most basic form of life
 tissuescells arranged together. epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
 organtwo or more types of tissues combine together to form this. maintain a certain shape and preform a general function
 systema group of organs. 11 systems
 Cardiovascular systemheart, major arteries and veins; transport substances to and from body cells
 lymphatictonsils, thymus, lymphatic vessels, spleen, lymph nodes; remove unwanted substances and recycle fluid to the blood
 respiratorypharynx, nose, trachea, right lung, larynx, bronchial, left lung; exchange gases between the external environment and blood
 digestivepharynx, mouth, salivary gland, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, colon, stomach, pancreas, small intestine; prepare foods for absorption into the bloodstream and eliminate 
 urinaryurinary bladder, urethra, kidneys, ureters; remove nirtogenous wastes and excess water and salts from the bloodstream
 female reproductivemammary glands, fallopian tubes, uterus, ovary, vagina; provide for creation of new individuals
 male reproductivevas deferens, testes, prostate, urethram penis; provide for creation of new individuals
 nervousbrain, spinal cord, nerves; control homeostasis by sensing changes in the environment, processing information, and initiaiting body responses
 endocrinepituitary gland, thyroid gland, thymus, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovary, testis; control homeostasis by releasing hormones into the bloodstream , which alter body functions
 musculoskeletalbone, muscle, joint, tendon; muscles allow movement of body parts and joints support and protect soft body parts
 integumentaryhair, sweat glands, skin, sebacous glands, nails, ; protect body from fluid loss and injury
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