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Final Exam - Flashcards

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Class:CLA 135 - GREEK/ROMAN MYTHOLOGY
Subject:Classics
University:University of Kentucky
Term:Fall 2009
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What poet wrote the Fasti? Ovid
What was the ancile? a shield that fell from heaven
Who was the daughter of Latinus and eventual wife of Aeneas? Lavinia
What is the Tarpeian Rock? a place of execution
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What legend is connected with the end of monarchy in Rome? the legend of Lucretia
Who was the Italian god presiding over beginnings and depicted with two faces? Janus
What was the original function of Mars? he was an agricultural deity
In what capacity was the chief Italian sky-god worshiped on the Capitoline Hill? Jupiter Optimus Maximus
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With what deities did Jupiter share his temple on the Capitoline to form a triad? Juno and Minerva
Which of the following was not an Italian deity associated with fire? Hestia
What major Italian festival was celebrated in midwinter? the Saturnalia
Who was the mother of Aeneas? Venus
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What Italian goddess was worshiped at Aricia new Lake Nemi? Diana
Jupiter was equated with: Zeus
Two noblemen smeared with sacrificial blood ran around the Palatine and hit women with leather straps in the: Lupercalia
Ceres was equated with: Demeter
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The Penates were spirits of: households
The Lares protected: households
Diana was equated with: Artemis
"Who had a temple that stood near the Circus Maximus, in the bustling commercial district?" Mercury
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Who was the last king of Rome? Tarquinius Superbus
The early Romans seized the Sabine Women in an attempt to: populate their city
"In one version of the story, Romulus killed Remus after Remus:" jumped over the walls Romulus was building for his city
"After Aeneas and his men left Dido and her new city, Dido:" killed herself
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Who is Aeneas' chief opponent among the Latins in Vergil's Aeneid? Turnus
Who composed the Genealogiae? Hyginus
Which is Ovids only work composed in the epic hexameter? Metemorphoses
What was the name of Apollodorus' compendium of myth? Library
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Who raped then married Flora? Zephyrus
Where may be the original home of the story of Pyramus and Thisbe? Asia Minor
Who was transformed into a fountain pining for her beloved brother Caunus? Byblis
Alcyone had a dream that her husband: had been shipwrecked
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What was the fate of Alcyone? she was transformed into a seabird that nests upon the wave
The relationship of Hero and Leander came to a tragic end when: Leander drowned in the Hellespont
Which of the following is true of the Baucis and Philemon? they were an old couple rewarded for entertaining Zeus and Hermes unawares
Milanion (or Hippomenes) defeated Atalanta in a footrace by: dropping three golden apples for her to pick up
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Where do Pyramus and Thisbe plan to meet outside their homes? at the tomb of Ninus
What is the organizing principle of the Fasti? the festival of the Roman calendar
Pyramus' lover was: Thisbe
What is another term for Argonauts? the Minyae
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What does the name Aea mean? land
With whom did Polydeuces have to compete in a boxing match? Amycus
Who was the queen of the Lemnian women? Hypsipyle
What poet gives earliest continuous account of the capture of the fleece and the return journey? Pindar
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Who mated with Poseidon and gave birth to Pelias? Tyro
"The name of Nephele, the mother of Phytixus and Helle, means:" cloud
The name of the kind of Colchis who was given care of the golden fleece was: Aeetes
"Who unsurped the throne from Jason's father, the rightful heir?" Pelias
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Jason was educated by: Chiron
How was Jason recognized by the illegitimate king? he was wearing one sandal
What deity helped Argus build the Argo? Athena
King Cyzicus and the Doliones: treated Jason hospitably
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The golden fleece was guarded by a : serpent
"When Jason arrived to get the golden fleece, the king:" assigned him a series of impossible tasks
"On their return journeym the Argonauts encountered on Crete a bronze giant named:" Talus
The blind prophet Phineus was tormented by: the Harpies
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What advice did Phineus give to Jason? to release a dove and see if it passed through the Symplegades
Medea took vengeance on King Pelias by: tricking his daughters into cutting him up and boiling him
who wrote the Greek tragedy Medea? Euripides
In which city did Medea seek refuge after the murder of Glauce? Athens
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Who returns from Crete only to find that his wife has committed adultry? Idomeneus
Who is sent to Calypso to allow Odysseus to set sail? Hermes
Who is the first suiter to be killed by Odysseus? Antinous
What is the meaning of Penelope's usual epithet periphron? circumspect
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What may the meaning of Odysseus mean? "man of pain"
On his way home from the Trojan war, Ajax the Lesser was killed when he: boasted that none of the gods could keep him from escaping death at sea
Which character learns Odysseus's identity through a scar? Euryclea
Who is the princess that takes Odysseus to her fathers palace? Nausicaa
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How did Odysseus escape from the lair of the cyclops? clung to the underside of a ram
Among what people were Odysseus's men almost lulled into staying and forgetting their own homeland? Lotus Eaters
How did Odysseus and his men offend the God Helius? killed his cattle
Which goddess especially protected Odysseus? Athena
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According to Homer, how will Odysseus eventually die? a gentle death will come far from the sea
How does Aeolus try to help Odysseus? gives him a leather bag containing the wind
Which of the following kings was detained in Egypt? Menelaus
Which god is the special bane of Odysseus? Poseidon
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Who is Eumaeus? faithful swineherd
The soul of what hero praises Penelope? Agamemnon
Odysseus was able to sail past the sirens by: wax in mens ears and having himself tied to a mask
The goddess with whom Odysseus lived for seven years was: Calypso
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The Laestrygonians were: cannibals
Odysseus was taken home at the end of his voyage by: the Phaeacians
Odysseus had to go to the underworld to: get advice from Tiresias
Circe turned some of Odysseus's men into: pigs
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What was the greatest center in Greece for the worship of Hera? Argos
For whom did Perseus perform his task of slaying Medusa? Polydectes
What is the Hippocrene? the fountain made my Pegasus
What arose from the Gorgon's blood falling upon the land of Libya? snakes
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Who accused Bellerophon of trying to seduce her? Sthenoboea
For which Danaid was a spring created near Argos? Amymone
Who was the mother of Perseus? Danae
How did Zeus seduce her? he came to her as a shower of gold
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Perseus, in his effort to kill the Gorgon, was given aid by all but one of the following: Aphrodite and Poseidon
What object was Perseus not given for his quest? Bubo, Athena's owl
In order to get information from the three sisters of the Gorgons, Perseus: stole their one eye and tooth
What creature sprang from the beheaded trunk of the Gorgon? Pegasus
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Whose hand did Perseus receive in marriage? Andromeda
What is the fate of Acrisius? he is killed by a misthrown discus
The man who fished Perseus and his mother out of the sea was: Dictys
An oracle told Acrisius that: his daughter would have a son that would kill him
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Which is not true of the hero Bellerphon? he slew the race of centaurs
Athena was so taken by the wailing of the Gorgons for their dead sister that she: invented the flute to re-create the sound
According to the Perseus myth, the first coral was created when: Medusa's head rested on some seaweed
Blood from the head of Medusa dripped on the Libyan desert and became: poisonous snakes
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The twin brother of Danaus was named: Aegyptus
Bellerphon was sent away by King Protus because: the queen accused him of trying to seduce her
Forty-nine of the fifty daughters of Danaus: killed their husbands on their wedding night
Who is the younger brother of Heracles? Iphicles
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Who wrote a "tragicomedy" around the conception of Heracles? Plautus
What Greek hero did Heracles rescue from the underworld? Theseus
Who was the king of Oechalia with whom Heracles had a conflict? Eurytus
Who aids Heracles in his self-immolation? Poeas
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Where is Heracles' traditional birthplace? Thebes
Who were Heracles' real parents? Alcmena and Zeus
Which tutor did Heracles kill? Linus, his music teacher
Heracles lay with the 50 daughters of: Thespius
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Heracles was to serve Eurystheus for twelve years, during which he performed his twelve labors for what offense? he had killed his wife and children in a mad rage
What is the Greek word for labor or contest? Athloi
In which labor did Heracles face a huge crab and have the aid of Iolaus? the Lernean hydra
With which city is Heracles' legend not particularly associated? Athens
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Who were the descendants of Heracles? the Heraclidae
The first of Heracles' twelve labors was the: Nemean lion
Heracles spared the lives of the cercopes, two mischievous dwarfs, because: they made fun of his sunburn behind him and made him laugh
Heracles missed the Argonauts expedition because: he lost track of time searching for his beloved Hylas
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By besting the river-god Achelous, Heracles won the hand of: Deianira
Heracles experienced "death" by which of the following: he was engulfed in flames from a blood-soaked robe and then burned on a pyre
Which was not one of Heracles twelve labors? the slaughter of the giant Antaeus
Who helped Heracles fetch the Apples of the Hesperides? Atlas
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Nessus was: a centaur who plotted Heracles' death
Omphale was: the woman to whom Heracles was sold as a slave for one year
King Phylacus asked Melampus to: cure his son's impot ence
For the last of his twelve labors, Heracles had to: drag Cerberus from the Underworld
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Iole was: a woman with whom Heracles fell in love
What daughter of Erectheus was loved by Boreas? Orinthyia
What brigand kicked travelers over a cliff and into the waiting jaws of a gigantic turtle? Sciron
Who was the mother of Theseus? Aethra
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Who was the son of Theseus who helped the children of Heracles? Demophon
Who son of Minos fell into a vat of honey and drowned? Glaucus
Whom did Daedalus kill out of jealousy for his skill? Perdix
What legendary figure was credited with instituting the Panathenaea and setting up the cult image of Athena on the Acropolis? Erichthonius
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When the daughters of Cecrops looked into the box and saw Erichthonius, they: went mad and killed themselves
Cephalus accidently killed his wife, whose name was: Procris
Who was violated by Tereus and had her tongue cut out to silence her? Philomela
The North Wind (Boreas) was the father of Zetes and Calais. Who was their mother? Orithyia
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How did Procrustes terrorize travelers? he compelled them to lie on his bed. if they were too long, he would cut them down to size, if too short, hammer them to fit
What god is said to be the father of Theseus? Poseidon
Theseus was recognized by his father when he: cut his meat with his sword his father gave him
Who rescued Ariadne from the island of Naxos? Dionysus
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Theseus joined Heracles in his battle with: the Amazons
What was the fate of Perithous? he was fixed to a magic chair forever
In the years following the Persian wars of the first quarter of the fifth century B.C.E., the Athenian Cimon was instructed by t to restore the bones of Theseus to the city
Who was the last king of Athens? Codrus
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Why was Poseidon angry wit Minos? because he did not sacrifice the bull sent to him
The Minotaur was the offspring of: Pasiphae and the bull of Poseidon
The Labyrinth that housed the Minotaur was built by: Daedalus
The "wicked stepmother" who tried to kill Theseus when he arrived in Athens was: Medea
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How did Minos discover Daedalus' whereabouts? by a ruse involving a spiral shell
The Aegean Sea is named for King Aegeus because he: killed himself there
Theseus died: in exile
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 What poet wrote the Fasti?Ovid
 What was the ancile?a shield that fell from heaven
 Who was the daughter of Latinus and eventual wife of Aeneas?Lavinia
 What is the Tarpeian Rock?a place of execution
 What legend is connected with the end of monarchy in Rome?the legend of Lucretia
 Who was the Italian god presiding over beginnings and depicted with two faces?Janus
 What was the original function of Mars?he was an agricultural deity
 In what capacity was the chief Italian sky-god worshiped on the Capitoline Hill?Jupiter Optimus Maximus
 With what deities did Jupiter share his temple on the Capitoline to form a triad?Juno and Minerva
 Which of the following was not an Italian deity associated with fire?Hestia
 What major Italian festival was celebrated in midwinter?the Saturnalia
 Who was the mother of Aeneas?Venus
 What Italian goddess was worshiped at Aricia new Lake Nemi?Diana
 Jupiter was equated with:Zeus
 Two noblemen smeared with sacrificial blood ran around the Palatine and hit women with leather straps in the:Lupercalia
 Ceres was equated with:Demeter
 The Penates were spirits of:households
 The Lares protected:households
 Diana was equated with:Artemis
 "Who had a temple that stood near the Circus Maximus, in the bustling commercial district?"Mercury
 Who was the last king of Rome?Tarquinius Superbus
 The early Romans seized the Sabine Women in an attempt to:populate their city
 "In one version of the story, Romulus killed Remus after Remus:"jumped over the walls Romulus was building for his city
 "After Aeneas and his men left Dido and her new city, Dido:"killed herself
 Who is Aeneas' chief opponent among the Latins in Vergil's Aeneid?Turnus
 Who composed the Genealogiae?Hyginus
 Which is Ovids only work composed in the epic hexameter?Metemorphoses
 What was the name of Apollodorus' compendium of myth?Library
 Who raped then married Flora?Zephyrus
 Where may be the original home of the story of Pyramus and Thisbe?Asia Minor
 Who was transformed into a fountain pining for her beloved brother Caunus?Byblis
 Alcyone had a dream that her husband:had been shipwrecked
 What was the fate of Alcyone?she was transformed into a seabird that nests upon the wave
 The relationship of Hero and Leander came to a tragic end when:Leander drowned in the Hellespont
 Which of the following is true of the Baucis and Philemon?they were an old couple rewarded for entertaining Zeus and Hermes unawares
 Milanion (or Hippomenes) defeated Atalanta in a footrace by:dropping three golden apples for her to pick up
 Where do Pyramus and Thisbe plan to meet outside their homes?at the tomb of Ninus
 What is the organizing principle of the Fasti?the festival of the Roman calendar
 Pyramus' lover was:Thisbe
 What is another term for Argonauts?the Minyae
 What does the name Aea mean?land
 With whom did Polydeuces have to compete in a boxing match?Amycus
 Who was the queen of the Lemnian women?Hypsipyle
 What poet gives earliest continuous account of the capture of the fleece and the return journey?Pindar
 Who mated with Poseidon and gave birth to Pelias?Tyro
 "The name of Nephele, the mother of Phytixus and Helle, means:"cloud
 The name of the kind of Colchis who was given care of the golden fleece was:Aeetes
 "Who unsurped the throne from Jason's father, the rightful heir?"Pelias
 Jason was educated by:Chiron
 How was Jason recognized by the illegitimate king?he was wearing one sandal
 What deity helped Argus build the Argo?Athena
 King Cyzicus and the Doliones:treated Jason hospitably
 The golden fleece was guarded by a :serpent
 "When Jason arrived to get the golden fleece, the king:"assigned him a series of impossible tasks
 "On their return journeym the Argonauts encountered on Crete a bronze giant named:"Talus
 The blind prophet Phineus was tormented by:the Harpies
 What advice did Phineus give to Jason?to release a dove and see if it passed through the Symplegades
 Medea took vengeance on King Pelias by:tricking his daughters into cutting him up and boiling him
 who wrote the Greek tragedy Medea?Euripides
 In which city did Medea seek refuge after the murder of Glauce?Athens
 Who returns from Crete only to find that his wife has committed adultry?Idomeneus
 Who is sent to Calypso to allow Odysseus to set sail?Hermes
 Who is the first suiter to be killed by Odysseus?Antinous
 What is the meaning of Penelope's usual epithet periphron?circumspect
 What may the meaning of Odysseus mean?"man of pain"
 On his way home from the Trojan war, Ajax the Lesser was killed when he:boasted that none of the gods could keep him from escaping death at sea
 Which character learns Odysseus's identity through a scar?Euryclea
 Who is the princess that takes Odysseus to her fathers palace?Nausicaa
 How did Odysseus escape from the lair of the cyclops?clung to the underside of a ram
 Among what people were Odysseus's men almost lulled into staying and forgetting their own homeland?Lotus Eaters
 How did Odysseus and his men offend the God Helius?killed his cattle
 Which goddess especially protected Odysseus?Athena
 According to Homer, how will Odysseus eventually die?a gentle death will come far from the sea
 How does Aeolus try to help Odysseus?gives him a leather bag containing the wind
 Which of the following kings was detained in Egypt?Menelaus
 Which god is the special bane of Odysseus?Poseidon
 Who is Eumaeus?faithful swineherd
 The soul of what hero praises Penelope?Agamemnon
 Odysseus was able to sail past the sirens by:wax in mens ears and having himself tied to a mask
 The goddess with whom Odysseus lived for seven years was:Calypso
 The Laestrygonians were:cannibals
 Odysseus was taken home at the end of his voyage by:the Phaeacians
 Odysseus had to go to the underworld to:get advice from Tiresias
 Circe turned some of Odysseus's men into:pigs
 What was the greatest center in Greece for the worship of Hera?Argos
 For whom did Perseus perform his task of slaying Medusa?Polydectes
 What is the Hippocrene?the fountain made my Pegasus
 What arose from the Gorgon's blood falling upon the land of Libya?snakes
 Who accused Bellerophon of trying to seduce her?Sthenoboea
 For which Danaid was a spring created near Argos?Amymone
 Who was the mother of Perseus?Danae
 How did Zeus seduce her?he came to her as a shower of gold
 Perseus, in his effort to kill the Gorgon, was given aid by all but one of the following:Aphrodite and Poseidon
 What object was Perseus not given for his quest?Bubo, Athena's owl
 In order to get information from the three sisters of the Gorgons, Perseus:stole their one eye and tooth
 What creature sprang from the beheaded trunk of the Gorgon?Pegasus
 Whose hand did Perseus receive in marriage?Andromeda
 What is the fate of Acrisius?he is killed by a misthrown discus
 The man who fished Perseus and his mother out of the sea was:Dictys
 An oracle told Acrisius that:his daughter would have a son that would kill him
 Which is not true of the hero Bellerphon?he slew the race of centaurs
 Athena was so taken by the wailing of the Gorgons for their dead sister that she:invented the flute to re-create the sound
 According to the Perseus myth, the first coral was created when:Medusa's head rested on some seaweed
 Blood from the head of Medusa dripped on the Libyan desert and became:poisonous snakes
 The twin brother of Danaus was named:Aegyptus
 Bellerphon was sent away by King Protus because:the queen accused him of trying to seduce her
 Forty-nine of the fifty daughters of Danaus:killed their husbands on their wedding night
 Who is the younger brother of Heracles?Iphicles
 Who wrote a "tragicomedy" around the conception of Heracles?Plautus
 What Greek hero did Heracles rescue from the underworld?Theseus
 Who was the king of Oechalia with whom Heracles had a conflict?Eurytus
 Who aids Heracles in his self-immolation?Poeas
 Where is Heracles' traditional birthplace?Thebes
 Who were Heracles' real parents?Alcmena and Zeus
 Which tutor did Heracles kill?Linus, his music teacher
 Heracles lay with the 50 daughters of:Thespius
 Heracles was to serve Eurystheus for twelve years, during which he performed his twelve labors for what offense?he had killed his wife and children in a mad rage
 What is the Greek word for labor or contest?Athloi
 In which labor did Heracles face a huge crab and have the aid of Iolaus?the Lernean hydra
 With which city is Heracles' legend not particularly associated?Athens
 Who were the descendants of Heracles?the Heraclidae
 The first of Heracles' twelve labors was the:Nemean lion
 Heracles spared the lives of the cercopes, two mischievous dwarfs, because:they made fun of his sunburn behind him and made him laugh
 Heracles missed the Argonauts expedition because:he lost track of time searching for his beloved Hylas
 By besting the river-god Achelous, Heracles won the hand of:Deianira
 Heracles experienced "death" by which of the following:he was engulfed in flames from a blood-soaked robe and then burned on a pyre
 Which was not one of Heracles twelve labors?the slaughter of the giant Antaeus
 Who helped Heracles fetch the Apples of the Hesperides?Atlas
 Nessus was:a centaur who plotted Heracles' death
 Omphale was:the woman to whom Heracles was sold as a slave for one year
 King Phylacus asked Melampus to:cure his son's impot ence
 For the last of his twelve labors, Heracles had to:drag Cerberus from the Underworld
 Iole was:a woman with whom Heracles fell in love
 What daughter of Erectheus was loved by Boreas?Orinthyia
 What brigand kicked travelers over a cliff and into the waiting jaws of a gigantic turtle?Sciron
 Who was the mother of Theseus?Aethra
 Who was the son of Theseus who helped the children of Heracles?Demophon
 Who son of Minos fell into a vat of honey and drowned?Glaucus
 Whom did Daedalus kill out of jealousy for his skill?Perdix
 What legendary figure was credited with instituting the Panathenaea and setting up the cult image of Athena on the Acropolis?Erichthonius
 When the daughters of Cecrops looked into the box and saw Erichthonius, they:went mad and killed themselves
 Cephalus accidently killed his wife, whose name was:Procris
 Who was violated by Tereus and had her tongue cut out to silence her?Philomela
 The North Wind (Boreas) was the father of Zetes and Calais. Who was their mother?Orithyia
 How did Procrustes terrorize travelers?he compelled them to lie on his bed. if they were too long, he would cut them down to size, if too short, hammer them to fit
 What god is said to be the father of Theseus?Poseidon
 Theseus was recognized by his father when he:cut his meat with his sword his father gave him
 Who rescued Ariadne from the island of Naxos?Dionysus
 Theseus joined Heracles in his battle with:the Amazons
 What was the fate of Perithous?he was fixed to a magic chair forever
 In the years following the Persian wars of the first quarter of the fifth century B.C.E., the Athenian Cimon was instructed by tto restore the bones of Theseus to the city
 Who was the last king of Athens?Codrus
 Why was Poseidon angry wit Minos?because he did not sacrifice the bull sent to him
 The Minotaur was the offspring of:Pasiphae and the bull of Poseidon
 The Labyrinth that housed the Minotaur was built by:Daedalus
 The "wicked stepmother" who tried to kill Theseus when he arrived in Athens was:Medea
 How did Minos discover Daedalus' whereabouts?by a ruse involving a spiral shell
 The Aegean Sea is named for King Aegeus because he:killed himself there
 Theseus died:in exile
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