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16-20 and Odyssey - Flashcards

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Class:CLSS 110 - Classical Mythology
Subject:Classics
University:Radford University
Term:Fall 2013
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Who is the father of Orpheus Oeagrus
Which is not a Dionysian element in the story of Orpheus He plays a lyre
Who sprang from the cosmic egg in the Orphic cosmology Phanes
What was the name given to the shedding of the blood of a bull in the rites of Cybele and Attis Taurobolium
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What term is used to describe the harmonizing of different cults and their myths into some kind of unity Syncretism
According to vergil, Eurydice's untimely death resulted from A snakebite she suffered while attempting to flee the advances of Aristaeus
Orpheus had his origins in Thrace
Which of the following is said of Orpheus He was torn apart by enraged Maenads
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Which divinity is not associated with the stories of Orpheus Artemis
According to Orphic Theogony the first principle was Chronos
Like Hesiod the Orphic tradition introduces early on the procreative power of Eros allso called by the Orphics Phanes
Which sea god does Aristaeus consult to learn why his bees have died? Proteus
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Which is not a typical feature of mystery cults disbelief in an afterlife
A full account of the initiation into the rites of Isis is given in Apuleius Metamorphoses
Which Aegean island was home to the cult of the Cabiri Samothrace
Which god is a consort of Dea Syria Tammuz
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Which cannot be describe as one of the ten most frequent motifs in saga? The Hero becomes a god
What is arete excellence
Who is not included in the original Seven against Thebes Eteocles
Who wrote the tragedy Seven against Thebes Aeschylus
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Who is the mother of Amphion and Zethus Antione
Greek saga concerns cities and regions that were important in what historical period the late bronze age, from 1600 to 1100 B.C.
Who was the legendary founder of Thebes Cadmus
What woman was abducted by Zeus in the guise of a bull Europa
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The noble houses of Thebes were descended from teh Spartoi whose name means Sown men
How did Laius bring a curse upon his house He carried off the son of his host
The name Oedipus means Swellfoot
Who raised Oedipus but weren't his parents Polyhus and Merope
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In what place was Oedipus promised a respite from his sorrows Colonus
What trinket would prove the undoing of Alcmaeon a necklace
For what treasonous act was Antigone condemned She buried her brother Polynices
Which of the following is not true of Tiresias After his death, he lost the gift of prophecy
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What is the name of the sons of the Seven against thebes Epigoni
who tied Dirce to the horns of a bull Amphion and Zethus
Eteocles and Polynices were: sons of Oedipus who killed each other at the same moment
Which of the following individuals escaped the first expedition against thebes Amphiarus
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What god or goddess was the only one not to refuse the banquet of tantalus Demeter
Whom did Electra Eventually Marry Pylades
In which version is Electra married off to a peasant Euripides Electra

Who became king in place of Oenomaus Pelops
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In what play does orestes discover his sister Iphigenia alive and a priestess of Artemis Iphigenia in Tauris
Who was the Charioteer bribed by Pelops Myrtilus
How did Atreus perpetuate the curse of his house He fed his brother his own children
Agamemnon incurred the bitter hatred of his wife by Sacrificing their daughter Iphigenia
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The father of Aegisthus was Thyestes
The man who had an affair with Agamemnon's wife and then helped kill Agamemnon was Aegisthus
The prisoner Agamemnon took home from the Trojan war Cassandra
By which of the following is Orestes not given direct assistance Zeus
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Who wrote Iphigenia in Tauris Euripides
At the end of Aeschylus Oresteia the furies are transformed into the Eumenides
According to Homer where did Agamemnon and Menelaus rule? Agamemnon at Mycenae and Menelaus at sparta
Who served his son as food for the gods at a banquet Tantalus
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IN what play does the murder of Aegisthus follow that of Clytemnestra Sophocles Electra
Who appears tat the end of Euripides Electra to predict the future course of events Castor
In Aeschylus Libation Bearers, who speaks the words that drive Orestes to his final purpose, the murder of his mother Pylades
In what city is Orestes' guilt finally expunged? Athens
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What poet wrote a palinode in which he has a phantom helen go to troy Stesichorus
Who killed Laomedon and installed Priam as king Heracles
Who are the Meleagrides The mourners of Meleager
What hero does Diomedes refuse to fight out of respect for the rights of guest-friends Glaucus
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What thracian leader was killed on his first night at Troy Rhesus
Who is the first to wound the Calydonian Boar Atalanta
Who acts as tutor and companion of Achilles Phoenix
In what shape did Zeus visit Leda In the form of a swan
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The goddess who wasn't a guest at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis was
When paris was born, Priam and Hecuba Left him on Mt. Ida to die
Paris chose which of the following goddesses as the most beautiful Aphrodite
From whom was the Trojan royal house descended Dardanus
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Which of the following did Odyssesus defeat in a contest for the arms of Achilles Ajax the Greater
The Trojans greatest warrior was Hector
What king of Troy cheated Apollo and Poseidon of their pay Laomedon
Who was the ill-fated son of Hector Astyanax
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Agamemnon refused to give back to Apollo's priest his daughter named Chryseis
Which two heroes tried to dodge the Trojan expedition Odysseus and Achilles
Sarpedon was a son of Zeus who died fighting for the Trojans
Calchas was Greek's prophet at troy
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Protesilaus was The first greek killed in the Trojan war
Achilles finally reentered the Trojan way after Patroclus is killed
Achilles had a choice between Dying young in glory or living long with no fame
Achilles was killed by Paris
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Neoptolemus was the son of Achilles
Who carried the bow of Heracles without the aid of which Troy could not fall Piloctetes
Who was left behind by the Greeks to ensure that the wooden horse was taken into the city? Sinon
What priest of Apollo gave warning about the horse but was strangled by two serpents Laocoon
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Who returns to Crete only to find that his wife has committed adultery? Idomeneus
Who is sent to Order Calypso to allow Odysseus to set sail Hermes
Who is the first suitor to be killed by Odysseus Antinous
What is the meaning of Penelope's usual Epithet Periphron Circumspect
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What may be the meaning of Odysseus name? man of pain
On his way home from the Trojan War, Ajax the Lesser was killed when he Boasted that none of the gods could keep him from escaping death at sea
Which character learns of Odysseus Identity through a scar Euryclea
Who is the princess that takes Odysseus to her father's palace Nausicaa
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How did Odysseus escape from the lair of the Cyclops Clung to underside of a ram as it was going to pasture
Among what people were Odysseus men almost lulled into staying, forgetting their own homeland The Lotus Eaters
How did Odysseus and his men offend the god Helius They killed his Cattle
Which goddess especially protected Odysseus Athena
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How will Odysseus die? a gentle death will come far from the sea
How does Aeolus try to help Odysseus Gives him bag of winds
which of the following kings was detained in Egypt? Menelaus
Which god is the special bane of Odysseus Poseidon
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Who is Eumaeus a faithful swineherd
what is the usual epithe of penelope Circumspect
the soul of what hero praises peneolpe? Agamemnon
Odysseus was able to sail past the sirens by: blocking the ears of his men with wax and having himself tied to the mast
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The goddess with whom odysseus lived for seven years was Calypso
The Laestrygonians were Cannibals
Odysseus was taken home at the end of his voyage by the Phaeacians
Odysseus had to go to the underworld to Get advice from Tiresias
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Circe turned some of Odysseus men into pigs
Who is the queen of Eleusis Metaneira
What is the term for the things carried in the sacred caskets? Hiera
What was one of the most famous of women's festivals and the subject of a comedy by Aristophanes Thesmophoria
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What has been claimed as the ultimate revelation in the Mysteries of Demeter An Ear of grain
What city-state was intimately involved in the rites at Eleusis Athens
According to the Homeric Hymn, Demeter at eleusis tried to immortalize Demophoon
Which is not a name for the queen of the Underworld Hecate
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Where is the chief sanctuary for the performance of Demeter's Mysteries Eleusis
Why was demeter's daughter required to spend a part of the year in the underworld She at of the pomegranate
What does the term hierophant refer to The High priest
what is the Kykeon the prescribed drink first mixed for Demeter
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When demeter first arrived at Eleusis, she stopped at The maiden well
Whom did Demeter select to spread her arts of agriculture Triptolemus
Under what name does Demeter travel to Eleusis and the palace of Celeus Doso
Who is credited with originating the mysteries Orpheus
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Which is not another name for the god who rules the Underworld? Plutus
Who finally told demeter that Hades had carried off her daughter Helius
The father of Persephone is Zeus
Demeter is a goddess of Grain
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Who dies longing for Odysseus' return Anticlea
Who was the tyrant of Pamphylia and murderer of his parents in the myth of Er? Ardiaeus
Whom must Aeneas bury to enter the Underworld Misenus
What creature guards the realm of Tartarus in Vergil's Underworld The fury Tisiphone
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What comedy by Aristophanes features the god Dionysus journeying to the Underworld? Frogs
What arose from the blood of Uranus' Genitals Erinyes
Both Odysseus and Aeneas try three times to grasp on of the shades. Who were they? Anticlea and Anchises
What comrade did Odysseus find had not been properly buried Elpenor
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Achilles in the Underworld tells Odysseus He would rather be a slave among the living than a king in Hades
With whom of the buried dead did Odysseus first speak in the Underworld Tiresias
In what dialogue can Plato's myth of Er be found? Republic
What does Aeneas not bring with him when he enters the Underwold? A coin for Charon
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In the myth of Er, where do the virtuous go Upward through an opening in the sky
Who dressed himself as Zeus and imitated the god's thunder and lightning Salmoneus
What region of the Underworld is Hell? Tartarus
What does the term chthonian mean? Refers to a divinity who is of the earth
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In the underworld what is the river of forgetfulness Lethe
How was Ixion Punished tied to revolving wheel
What suicide does not respond to Odysseus at all Ajax the greater
Which of the following is not a judge in the underworld Charon
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The name Hades may mean The unseen one
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 Who is the father of OrpheusOeagrus
 Which is not a Dionysian element in the story of OrpheusHe plays a lyre
 Who sprang from the cosmic egg in the Orphic cosmologyPhanes
 What was the name given to the shedding of the blood of a bull in the rites of Cybele and AttisTaurobolium
 What term is used to describe the harmonizing of different cults and their myths into some kind of unitySyncretism
 According to vergil, Eurydice's untimely death resulted fromA snakebite she suffered while attempting to flee the advances of Aristaeus
 Orpheus had his origins inThrace
 Which of the following is said of OrpheusHe was torn apart by enraged Maenads
 Which divinity is not associated with the stories of OrpheusArtemis
 According to Orphic Theogony the first principle wasChronos
 Like Hesiod the Orphic tradition introduces early on the procreative power of Eros allso called by the OrphicsPhanes
 Which sea god does Aristaeus consult to learn why his bees have died?Proteus
 Which is not a typical feature of mystery cultsdisbelief in an afterlife
 A full account of the initiation into the rites of Isis is given inApuleius Metamorphoses
 Which Aegean island was home to the cult of the CabiriSamothrace
 Which god is a consort of Dea SyriaTammuz
 Which cannot be describe as one of the ten most frequent motifs in saga?The Hero becomes a god
 What is areteexcellence
 Who is not included in the original Seven against ThebesEteocles
 Who wrote the tragedy Seven against ThebesAeschylus
 Who is the mother of Amphion and ZethusAntione
 Greek saga concerns cities and regions that were important in what historical periodthe late bronze age, from 1600 to 1100 B.C.
 Who was the legendary founder of ThebesCadmus
 What woman was abducted by Zeus in the guise of a bullEuropa
 The noble houses of Thebes were descended from teh Spartoi whose name meansSown men
 How did Laius bring a curse upon his houseHe carried off the son of his host
 The name Oedipus meansSwellfoot
 Who raised Oedipus but weren't his parentsPolyhus and Merope
 In what place was Oedipus promised a respite from his sorrowsColonus
 What trinket would prove the undoing of Alcmaeona necklace
 For what treasonous act was Antigone condemnedShe buried her brother Polynices
 Which of the following is not true of TiresiasAfter his death, he lost the gift of prophecy
 What is the name of the sons of the Seven against thebesEpigoni
 who tied Dirce to the horns of a bullAmphion and Zethus
 Eteocles and Polynices were:sons of Oedipus who killed each other at the same moment
 Which of the following individuals escaped the first expedition against thebesAmphiarus
 What god or goddess was the only one not to refuse the banquet of tantalusDemeter
 Whom did Electra Eventually MarryPylades
 In which version is Electra married off to a peasantEuripides Electra

 Who became king in place of OenomausPelops
 In what play does orestes discover his sister Iphigenia alive and a priestess of ArtemisIphigenia in Tauris
 Who was the Charioteer bribed by PelopsMyrtilus
 How did Atreus perpetuate the curse of his houseHe fed his brother his own children
 Agamemnon incurred the bitter hatred of his wife bySacrificing their daughter Iphigenia
 The father of Aegisthus wasThyestes
 The man who had an affair with Agamemnon's wife and then helped kill Agamemnon wasAegisthus
 The prisoner Agamemnon took home from the Trojan warCassandra
 By which of the following is Orestes not given direct assistanceZeus
 Who wrote Iphigenia in TaurisEuripides
 At the end of Aeschylus Oresteia the furies are transformed intothe Eumenides
 According to Homer where did Agamemnon and Menelaus rule?Agamemnon at Mycenae and Menelaus at sparta
 Who served his son as food for the gods at a banquetTantalus
 IN what play does the murder of Aegisthus follow that of ClytemnestraSophocles Electra
 Who appears tat the end of Euripides Electra to predict the future course of eventsCastor
 In Aeschylus Libation Bearers, who speaks the words that drive Orestes to his final purpose, the murder of his motherPylades
 In what city is Orestes' guilt finally expunged?Athens
 What poet wrote a palinode in which he has a phantom helen go to troyStesichorus
 Who killed Laomedon and installed Priam as kingHeracles
 Who are the MeleagridesThe mourners of Meleager
 What hero does Diomedes refuse to fight out of respect for the rights of guest-friendsGlaucus
 What thracian leader was killed on his first night at TroyRhesus
 Who is the first to wound the Calydonian BoarAtalanta
 Who acts as tutor and companion of AchillesPhoenix
 In what shape did Zeus visit LedaIn the form of a swan
 The goddess who wasn't a guest at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis was 
 When paris was born, Priam and HecubaLeft him on Mt. Ida to die
 Paris chose which of the following goddesses as the most beautifulAphrodite
 From whom was the Trojan royal house descendedDardanus
 Which of the following did Odyssesus defeat in a contest for the arms of AchillesAjax the Greater
 The Trojans greatest warrior wasHector
 What king of Troy cheated Apollo and Poseidon of their payLaomedon
 Who was the ill-fated son of HectorAstyanax
 Agamemnon refused to give back to Apollo's priest his daughter namedChryseis
 Which two heroes tried to dodge the Trojan expeditionOdysseus and Achilles
 Sarpedon wasa son of Zeus who died fighting for the Trojans
 Calchas wasGreek's prophet at troy
 Protesilaus wasThe first greek killed in the Trojan war
 Achilles finally reentered the Trojan way afterPatroclus is killed
 Achilles had a choice betweenDying young in glory or living long with no fame
 Achilles was killed byParis
 Neoptolemus wasthe son of Achilles
 Who carried the bow of Heracles without the aid of which Troy could not fallPiloctetes
 Who was left behind by the Greeks to ensure that the wooden horse was taken into the city?Sinon
 What priest of Apollo gave warning about the horse but was strangled by two serpentsLaocoon
 Who returns to Crete only to find that his wife has committed adultery?Idomeneus
 Who is sent to Order Calypso to allow Odysseus to set sailHermes
 Who is the first suitor to be killed by OdysseusAntinous
 What is the meaning of Penelope's usual Epithet PeriphronCircumspect
 What may be the meaning of Odysseus name?man of pain
 On his way home from the Trojan War, Ajax the Lesser was killed when heBoasted that none of the gods could keep him from escaping death at sea
 Which character learns of Odysseus Identity through a scarEuryclea
 Who is the princess that takes Odysseus to her father's palaceNausicaa
 How did Odysseus escape from the lair of the CyclopsClung to underside of a ram as it was going to pasture
 Among what people were Odysseus men almost lulled into staying, forgetting their own homelandThe Lotus Eaters
 How did Odysseus and his men offend the god HeliusThey killed his Cattle
 Which goddess especially protected OdysseusAthena
 How will Odysseus die?a gentle death will come far from the sea
 How does Aeolus try to help OdysseusGives him bag of winds
 which of the following kings was detained in Egypt?Menelaus
 Which god is the special bane of OdysseusPoseidon
 Who is Eumaeusa faithful swineherd
 what is the usual epithe of penelopeCircumspect
 the soul of what hero praises peneolpe?Agamemnon
 Odysseus was able to sail past the sirens by:blocking the ears of his men with wax and having himself tied to the mast
 The goddess with whom odysseus lived for seven years wasCalypso
 The Laestrygonians wereCannibals
 Odysseus was taken home at the end of his voyage bythe Phaeacians
 Odysseus had to go to the underworld toGet advice from Tiresias
 Circe turned some of Odysseus men intopigs
 Who is the queen of EleusisMetaneira
 What is the term for the things carried in the sacred caskets?Hiera
 What was one of the most famous of women's festivals and the subject of a comedy by AristophanesThesmophoria
 What has been claimed as the ultimate revelation in the Mysteries of DemeterAn Ear of grain
 What city-state was intimately involved in the rites at EleusisAthens
 According to the Homeric Hymn, Demeter at eleusis tried to immortalizeDemophoon
 Which is not a name for the queen of the UnderworldHecate
 Where is the chief sanctuary for the performance of Demeter's MysteriesEleusis
 Why was demeter's daughter required to spend a part of the year in the underworldShe at of the pomegranate
 What does the term hierophant refer toThe High priest
 what is the Kykeonthe prescribed drink first mixed for Demeter
 When demeter first arrived at Eleusis, she stopped atThe maiden well
 Whom did Demeter select to spread her arts of agricultureTriptolemus
 Under what name does Demeter travel to Eleusis and the palace of CeleusDoso
 Who is credited with originating the mysteriesOrpheus
 Which is not another name for the god who rules the Underworld?Plutus
 Who finally told demeter that Hades had carried off her daughterHelius
 The father of Persephone isZeus
 Demeter is a goddess ofGrain
 Who dies longing for Odysseus' returnAnticlea
 Who was the tyrant of Pamphylia and murderer of his parents in the myth of Er?Ardiaeus
 Whom must Aeneas bury to enter the UnderworldMisenus
 What creature guards the realm of Tartarus in Vergil's UnderworldThe fury Tisiphone
 What comedy by Aristophanes features the god Dionysus journeying to the Underworld?Frogs
 What arose from the blood of Uranus' GenitalsErinyes
 Both Odysseus and Aeneas try three times to grasp on of the shades. Who were they?Anticlea and Anchises
 What comrade did Odysseus find had not been properly buriedElpenor
 Achilles in the Underworld tells OdysseusHe would rather be a slave among the living than a king in Hades
 With whom of the buried dead did Odysseus first speak in the UnderworldTiresias
 In what dialogue can Plato's myth of Er be found?Republic
 What does Aeneas not bring with him when he enters the Underwold?A coin for Charon
 In the myth of Er, where do the virtuous goUpward through an opening in the sky
 Who dressed himself as Zeus and imitated the god's thunder and lightningSalmoneus
 What region of the Underworld is Hell?Tartarus
 What does the term chthonian mean?Refers to a divinity who is of the earth
 In the underworld what is the river of forgetfulnessLethe
 How was Ixion Punishedtied to revolving wheel
 What suicide does not respond to Odysseus at allAjax the greater
 Which of the following is not a judge in the underworldCharon
 The name Hades may meanThe unseen one
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