Koofers

Chapter 11 - Flashcards

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Class:COMM 1310 - FUND OF HUMAN COM
Subject:Communication Studies
University:Texas State University - San Marcos
Term:Fall 2010
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Practical Value of Presentational Speaking Skills - Language is less formal - Must verbally cite sources - More redundant than writing
9 Components of Audience-Centered Public Speaking Model 1) Select topic 2) Narrow topic 3) Identify Purpose 4) Develop central idea 5) Generate main ideas 6) Gather supporting material 7) Organize presentation 8) Rehearse presentation 9) Deliver presentation
Define Speaker Anxiety Anxiety about speaking in public that is manifested in physiological symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, butterflies in the stomach, shaking knees and hands, quivering voice, and increased perspiration
How To Manage Speaker Anxiety - Being prepared - Giving yourself a mental pep talk - Using deep breathing techniques
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Strategies To Discover A Speech Topic - Conduct silent brainstorming - Scan web directories and web pages - Listen and read for topic ideas
General Purposes For Presentations - To inform - To persuade - To entertain
How To Write Audience-Centered Specific-Purpose Statement - Reflect a topic in which the audience has a reason to be interested in - Provide knowledge the audience does not already know - Make some claim about the topic the audience has not already considered
Criteria For Central Idea - Audience-centered - Reflect a single topic - Be a complete declarative statement - Use direct, specific language
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How To Generate Main Ideas From Central Idea: Ask Yourself... - Does the central idea have logical divisions? - Is the central idea true for multiple reasons? - How to support the central idea with a series of steps or a chronological sequence
Sources of Supporting Material - Yourself - The internet - The library
Types of Supporting Material - Illustration - A story or anecdote - Description - A word picture - Explanation - A statement that makes clear how something is done or why it exists in its present or past form - Definition - a statement of what something means - Analogy - a comparison between two ideas, things, or situations that demonstrates how something unfamiliar is similar to something the audience already understands - Statistic - numerical data that summarize examples
Types of Library Sources - Books - Periodicals - Newspapers - Reference resources - Government documents - Special services.
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 Practical Value of Presentational Speaking Skills


- Language is less formal
- Must verbally cite sources
- More redundant than writing
 9 Components of Audience-Centered Public Speaking Model1) Select topic
2) Narrow topic
3) Identify Purpose
4) Develop central idea
5) Generate main ideas
6) Gather supporting material
7) Organize presentation
8) Rehearse presentation
9) Deliver presentation
 Define Speaker Anxiety

Anxiety about speaking in public that is manifested in physiological symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, butterflies in the stomach, shaking knees and hands, quivering voice, and increased perspiration
 How To Manage Speaker Anxiety

- Being prepared
- Giving yourself a mental pep talk
- Using deep breathing techniques
 Strategies To Discover A Speech Topic


- Conduct silent brainstorming
- Scan web directories and web pages
- Listen and read for topic ideas
 General Purposes For Presentations


- To inform
- To persuade
- To entertain
 How To Write Audience-Centered Specific-Purpose Statement

- Reflect a topic in which the audience has a reason to be interested in
- Provide knowledge the audience does not already know
- Make some claim about the topic the audience has not already considered
 Criteria For Central Idea

- Audience-centered
- Reflect a single topic
- Be a complete declarative statement
- Use direct, specific language
 How To Generate Main Ideas From Central Idea: Ask Yourself...

- Does the central idea have logical divisions?
- Is the central idea true for multiple reasons?
- How to support the central idea with a series of steps or a chronological sequence
 Sources of Supporting Material

- Yourself
- The internet
- The library
 Types of Supporting Material- Illustration - A story or anecdote
- Description - A word picture
- Explanation - A statement that makes clear how something is done or why it exists in its present or past form
- Definition - a statement of what something means
- Analogy - a comparison between two ideas, things, or situations that demonstrates how something unfamiliar is similar to something the audience already understands
- Statistic - numerical data that summarize examples
 Types of Library Sources
- Books
- Periodicals
- Newspapers
- Reference resources
- Government documents
- Special services.
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