Koofers

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Class:COMM 1310 - FUND OF HUMAN COM
Subject:Communication Studies
University:Texas State University - San Marcos
Term:Spring 2010
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Audience-centered presentational speaking When speaker adapts to audience during every step of presentational speaking
presentational speaking process narrow your topic, identify your purpose, develop a central idea and initial preview, generate main ideas, gather supporting material, organize presentation, rehearse, deliver
informative purpose statement I want my audience to understand. your purpose is to teach, analyze describe, compare/contrast a topic
persuasive purpose statement I want my audience to believe. your purpose is to create, or change a persons belife, attitude or behavior
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central idea what you want your audience to understand/believe it is the overarching idea. you tell your audience this directly
initial preview identifies your three main points for the speech
how to support initial preview define terms and concepts, illustrate ideas, provide explanations, offer statistics and expert opinion
how to narrow topic identify a topic that interests you
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why is organization important? helps audience members select, attend, understand,and remember your message. it also helps the speaker know where he or she is going with the message
How to develop introduction attention getter, give them a reason to listen (relevance), establish credibility, state central idea and initial preview. develop the intro last
developing body tell them what you named in your initial preview.
developing conclusion Summarize the presentation, re-emphasize the central idea and initial preview, motivate for response, provide closure to presentation. don't ramble on
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how will 5 principles be applied awareness of what and who, effectively how?, NV how and when?, Listen and respond how and when?, appropriately adapt how?
how to organize presentation intro: tell them what you are going to tell them. Body: tell them. Conclusion: tell them what you have told them.
chronological based on time or sequential order, according to which step or event occurred or should occur
Topical arbitrary arrangement of main ideas, where they are fairly equal in importance. most commonly used
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Spatial arranging items according to their location, position,or direction
cause/effect identifying a situation and then discussing the resulting effects.
problem/solution explore how best to solve a problem or to advocate a particular situation
methods of delivery manuscript, memorized, extemporaneous, impromptu
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delivery of verbal messages use concrete words, that refer to an object, or describes the action in a specific way. use unbiased words try not to offend any sex, race, culture, or religious group. to make them remember use figurative language metaphors similes, personification and use drama
visual/audible aspects of NV physical appearance, physical delivery (gestures, movement, posture) eye contact. problems monotone vocal disfluencies volume. do not slur, mispronunciations, and deletion of the final consonant sounds
how to rehearse practice verbalizing speech, practice with note cards, practice oral attributions, practice in comm lab
how to apply the 5 principles awareness: how can you do this? Verbal: how can extemporaneous speaking help and hurt? NV: What comes natural to you? what does not? listen and respond: how can you do this while speaking? Adapt: what things can you adapt to your audience?
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persuasion the process of intentionally changing or reinforcing attitudes beliefs or behaviors. this speaker invites/motivates the listener to make a choice rather than just offer information
how to use ethos or credibility to persuade
how to use logos inform them of the problem and present evidence that shows it is a problem, how does if effect the audience? describe solution, show how solution can solve/reduce problem.
how to use pathos or emotion this will help your audience feel your problem. cognitive dissonance: when you are presented with information that is inconsistent with your current attitudes beliefs or feelings. find a way to touch or reach your audience, use vivid description language, personal testimony, visual aids, dramatic NV
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how do i adapt my message determine if your audience is receptive, neutral, or unreceptive
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 Audience-centered presentational speakingWhen speaker adapts to audience during every step of presentational speaking
 presentational speaking processnarrow your topic, identify your purpose, develop a central idea and initial preview, generate main ideas, gather supporting material, organize presentation, rehearse, deliver
 informative purpose statementI want my audience to understand. your purpose is to teach, analyze describe, compare/contrast a topic
 persuasive purpose statementI want my audience to believe. your purpose is to create, or change a persons belife, attitude or behavior
 central ideawhat you want your audience to understand/believe it is the overarching idea. you tell your audience this directly
 initial previewidentifies your three main points for the speech
 how to support initial previewdefine terms and concepts, illustrate ideas, provide explanations, offer statistics and expert opinion
 how to narrow topicidentify a topic that interests you
 why is organization important?helps audience members select, attend, understand,and remember your message. it also helps the speaker know where he or she is going with the message
 How to develop introductionattention getter, give them a reason to listen (relevance), establish credibility, state central idea and initial preview. develop the intro last
 developing bodytell them what you named in your initial preview.
 developing conclusionSummarize the presentation, re-emphasize the central idea and initial preview, motivate for response, provide closure to presentation. don't ramble on
 how will 5 principles be appliedawareness of what and who, effectively how?, NV how and when?, Listen and respond how and when?, appropriately adapt how?
 how to organize presentationintro: tell them what you are going to tell them. Body: tell them. Conclusion: tell them what you have told them.
 chronologicalbased on time or sequential order, according to which step or event occurred or should occur
 Topicalarbitrary arrangement of main ideas, where they are fairly equal in importance. most commonly used
 Spatialarranging items according to their location, position,or direction
 cause/effectidentifying a situation and then discussing the resulting effects.
 problem/solutionexplore how best to solve a problem or to advocate a particular situation
 methods of deliverymanuscript, memorized, extemporaneous, impromptu
 delivery of verbal messagesuse concrete words, that refer to an object, or describes the action in a specific way. use unbiased words try not to offend any sex, race, culture, or religious group. to make them remember use figurative language metaphors similes, personification and use drama
 visual/audible aspects of NVphysical appearance, physical delivery (gestures, movement, posture) eye contact. problems monotone vocal disfluencies volume. do not slur, mispronunciations, and deletion of the final consonant sounds
 how to rehearsepractice verbalizing speech, practice with note cards, practice oral attributions, practice in comm lab
 how to apply the 5 principlesawareness: how can you do this? Verbal: how can extemporaneous speaking help and hurt? NV: What comes natural to you? what does not? listen and respond: how can you do this while speaking? Adapt: what things can you adapt to your audience?
 persuasionthe process of intentionally changing or reinforcing attitudes beliefs or behaviors. this speaker invites/motivates the listener to make a choice rather than just offer information
 how to use ethos or credibility to persuade 
 how to use logosinform them of the problem and present evidence that shows it is a problem, how does if effect the audience? describe solution, show how solution can solve/reduce problem.
 how to use pathos or emotionthis will help your audience feel your problem. cognitive dissonance: when you are presented with information that is inconsistent with your current attitudes beliefs or feelings. find a way to touch or reach your audience, use vivid description language, personal testimony, visual aids, dramatic NV
 how do i adapt my messagedetermine if your audience is receptive, neutral, or unreceptive
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