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Public Speaking Exam #2 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:COMS 2300 - Public Speaking
Subject:COMMUNICATION STUDIES
University:Texas Tech University
Term:Spring 2011
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Alliteration One device that a speaker can make a lasting impression with oral language through use of rhythm.
Denotive Meaning The literal dictionary definition of a word
Connotive Meaning When people disagree about the meaning of a word they are arguing about the words connotive meaning
Mixed Metaphor "His lies are a house of cards"
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Figures of speech Forms of experssions that make striking comparisons and help listeners visualize, identify with, and understand ideas.
Extemporaneous The method of delivery that is most flexible for the speaker and is preferred by the audience.
Impromptu Unpracticed, spontaneous, or improvised
Oratory Speaking from memory, word for word
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Manuscript Speech Read verbatim (from a prepared or written text)
Effective speech delivery Natural enthusiastic, natural relaxed, natural direct, and natural confident
Mumbling Incorrect word pronunciation
Pauses A goal is to replace vocal filers
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Intonation The rising and falling of vocal pitch across words or phrases that results in the same word or phrase conveying 2 different
Posture The first thing the audience notices when the speaker approaches
Speaker who slouches sloppy, unfocused, and weak
Talking head Someone who remains behind the podium at all time
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Unattractive speaker Audience member is more likely not to take you seriously or think you need the job
Presentation Aids Objects models pictures graphs charts video audiom multimedia
Handouts To minimize audience distraction the speaker should what till after the speech to give handouts
Chalkboards When you can't clarify with words blackboards are good to use
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Audio/Video Notify auidence about what they are going to see and hear reiterate the main points of the video, make sure it is copyrighted.
Organizational Chart The chart that best demonstrates the communication networks among workers
Flowchart Chart that demonstrates the sequence of actions or the directional flow in a process
Presentations You should strive for simple
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Fonts Presentation aid should be Sans Serif typefaces
Aristotle's rhetorical proof Logos-proof by reasonEthos-proof through speakers characterPathos-proof by emotion
Argument consists of... The claim states the speaker's conclusion about some state of affairsThe evidence substantiates the claim The warrant provides reasons that the evidence is valid or supports the claim
Persuasive evidence Evidence the audience already knows or believesSecond is info the speaker knows if he is an expert
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Motivational Warrants Warrants that appeal audience's emotions-ethosWarrants by Analogy
Authoritative Warrants Warrants that rely on the audiences beliefs-pathosWarrants by cause
Substantive Warrants that appeal to the audience's logical reasoning Warrants by sign
Inoculation effect A speaker counters arguments and addresses arguments against his claims
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Refutation Organizational pattern addresses main points and then disproves opposing claims
Vocal Delivery Volume, Paralanguage, Pitch/Tone, Rate, Pauses, Pronunciation, Articulation
Kinescis the study of communication impact of body movement and gesture
Facial Expression Be animated, Communicate the proper expressions
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Eye contact Scan the room, Rule of 3, no more than 3 seconds
Gesturing Open expansive and natural, use sign-posts, avoid adapters-gestures that are a response to stress
Body movement/Posture Never turn your back on the audience, people pay attention to people that move
Enthymene States either the major premise, but not both, the missing premise is implied
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Monroe's Motivated Sequence 1. gain audience attention 2. identify the audience unfilled needs 3. proposing a solution that satisfies those needs 4. visualize what satisfaction will mean 5. define specific action
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 1. Self- Actualization 2. Self-Esteem 3. Social 4. Safety 5. Physiological
Elaboration Likelihood Model Process persuasive messages in two ways-dependent on the level of involvement Central processing- motivated and thinking critically Peripheral processing- see the message as irrelevant or too complex
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 AlliterationOne device that a speaker can make a lasting impression with oral language through use of rhythm.
 Denotive MeaningThe literal dictionary definition of a word
 Connotive MeaningWhen people disagree about the meaning of a word they are arguing about the words connotive meaning
 Mixed Metaphor"His lies are a house of cards"
 Figures of speechForms of experssions that make striking comparisons and help listeners visualize, identify with, and understand ideas.
 ExtemporaneousThe method of delivery that is most flexible for the speaker and is preferred by the audience.
 ImpromptuUnpracticed, spontaneous, or improvised
 OratorySpeaking from memory, word for word
 Manuscript SpeechRead verbatim (from a prepared or written text)
 Effective speech deliveryNatural enthusiastic, natural relaxed, natural direct, and natural confident
 MumblingIncorrect word pronunciation
 PausesA goal is to replace vocal filers
 IntonationThe rising and falling of vocal pitch across words or phrases that results in the same word or phrase conveying 2 different
 PostureThe first thing the audience notices when the speaker approaches
 Speaker who slouchessloppy, unfocused, and weak
 Talking headSomeone who remains behind the podium at all time
 Unattractive speakerAudience member is more likely not to take you seriously or think you need the job
 Presentation AidsObjects models pictures graphs charts video audiom multimedia
 HandoutsTo minimize audience distraction the speaker should what till after the speech to give handouts
 ChalkboardsWhen you can't clarify with words blackboards are good to use
 Audio/VideoNotify auidence about what they are going to see and hear reiterate the main points of the video, make sure it is copyrighted.
 Organizational ChartThe chart that best demonstrates the communication networks among workers
 FlowchartChart that demonstrates the sequence of actions or the directional flow in a process
 PresentationsYou should strive for simple
 FontsPresentation aid should be Sans Serif typefaces
 Aristotle's rhetorical proofLogos-proof by reasonEthos-proof through speakers characterPathos-proof by emotion
 Argument consists of...The claim states the speaker's conclusion about some state of affairsThe evidence substantiates the claim The warrant provides reasons that the evidence is valid or supports the claim
 Persuasive evidence Evidence the audience already knows or believesSecond is info the speaker knows if he is an expert
 Motivational WarrantsWarrants that appeal audience's emotions-ethosWarrants by Analogy
 Authoritative WarrantsWarrants that rely on the audiences beliefs-pathosWarrants by cause
 SubstantiveWarrants that appeal to the audience's logical reasoning Warrants by sign
 Inoculation effectA speaker counters arguments and addresses arguments against his claims
 RefutationOrganizational pattern addresses main points and then disproves opposing claims
 Vocal DeliveryVolume, Paralanguage, Pitch/Tone, Rate, Pauses, Pronunciation, Articulation
 Kinescis the study of communication impact of body movement and gesture
 Facial Expression Be animated, Communicate the proper expressions
 Eye contactScan the room, Rule of 3, no more than 3 seconds
 GesturingOpen expansive and natural, use sign-posts, avoid adapters-gestures that are a response to stress
 Body movement/PostureNever turn your back on the audience, people pay attention to people that move
 EnthymeneStates either the major premise, but not both, the missing premise is implied
 Monroe's Motivated Sequence 1. gain audience attention
2. identify the audience unfilled needs
3. proposing a solution that satisfies those needs
4. visualize what satisfaction will mean
5. define specific action
 Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs1. Self- Actualization
2. Self-Esteem
3. Social
4. Safety
5. Physiological
 Elaboration Likelihood ModelProcess persuasive messages in two ways-dependent on the level of involvement
Central processing- motivated and thinking critically
Peripheral processing- see the message as irrelevant or too complex
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