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Criminal Justice Final - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:CRJU - Criminal Justice
Subject:Criminal Justice
University:Towson University
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      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
Criminal Law is derived from civil law
Actus Reus illegal act
Mens Rea Guilty mind
Insanity Defense to criminal prosecution in which the defendents state of mind negates his or her criminal responsibility
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intoxication drunkiness or drugs(involutarily)
Age is a defense
entrapment if he canvice jury that law enforcements used traps, decoys, and deception to induce criminal action
self-defense not guilty because of seirous bodily harm or death
-eliminate the threat(not over the top)
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Necessity crime was committed under extreme circumstances and couldn ot be avoided
Watchmen 13th century london police officers
Metropolitan Police Act Sir Rober Peel's legislation that established the first organized police force in London
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration Agency funded by the federal Safe Streets and Crime Control Act of 1968 that provided technical assistance and hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to local and state justice agencies between 1969 and 1982
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FBI The arm of the U.S. Justice Department that investigates violations of federal law, gathers crime statistics, runs a comprehensive crime laboratory, and helps train local law enforcement officers
CIA The Central Intelligence Agency was created in 1947 with the signing of the National Security Act by President Harry S. Truman.
-intelligence matters relating to national security
DEA federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances
-goal is to immobilize drug trafficking organizations

U.S. Secret Service -protect president, vice president and their families, and other high-level officials
-investigating threats against protected officials and protecting the white house, vice president's house and other buildings in DC
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U.S. Marshals
-oldest federal law enforcement agency
-judicial security
-fugitive investigations
-witness security
-prisoner services
-justice prisoner and alien transportation system(air fleets)
-managing and disposing seized and forfeited properties
Crime Mapping geographic "hot spots" where a majority of predatory crimes are concentrated
Genetic algorithms  A computer simulation technique that emulates genetic processes as agents interact and “reproduce” according to known or hypothetical rules of genetics. 
Rank Structure of Modern day police department Chief of police
Deputy Chief of Police
Inspectors
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Sergeant
Detective
Police Officer
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Kansas City Gun Experiment aggressive patrol pattern directed at restricting the carrying of guns in high risk places at high risk times
-extra patrol attention at "hot spot" high crime areas and they made checks and traffic stops..searched cars and seized guns
Broken Windows Theory monitoring and maintaining urban environments in a well-ordered condition may stop further vandalism as well as an escalation into more serious crime.
Crime Fighter most important aspect is investigating serious crimes and apprehending criminals
Social Agent police should be involed in a wide range of activities w/o regard to their connection to law enforcement
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Law Enforcer playing it by the book, get everybody for everything
The watchman emphasis on the maintenence of public order as the police goal not on law enforcement or general service
ex. keep the peace, passive
Tennessee vs Garner the use of deadly force against apparently unarmed and nondangerous fleeing felons is an illegal seizeure of the person under 4th amendment right
Required to give the Miranda Warning? NOPE!
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Use-of-force model page 301
Nolle Prosequi term used when a prosecutor decides to drop a case after a complaint has been formally made
-evidence insufficiency
-reluctance of witnesses to testify
-police error
-office policy
Case dropped
Voir Dire process in which a potential jury panel is questioned by the prosecution and the defense to select jurors who are unbiased and objective
Recidivism
habitual relapse into crime
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Ignorance or Mistake governement failed to make enactment of new law public
Sheriffs most important agent in colonial america
3 Tests of Insanity irresistible impulse test-a person who commits a crime during a "fit of passion"
The Durham rule/"product test"- an accused is not criminally responsible if her unlawful act witht he product of mental disease or defect
The sucstantial capacity test- lack of substantial capacity to control one's behavior..."irresistible impulse"
3 ways one could become and illegal immigrant -enter unlawfully
-commit felony on visa
-staying longer than authorized period of time
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Technology has changed law enforcement
4 categories of stressors that impact police officers external stressors- verbal abuse from public, justice system inefficancy & liberal court decisions that faor the criminal
organizational stressors- low pay, excessive paperwork, and arbetrary rules
duty stressors- rotating shifts, work overload, boredom, fear &danger
individual stressors- descrimination, marriage difficulties and peronality problems
Sources and Elements of Search Warrant Search warrant contains two elements: 
- the search warrant itself (which is a court order permitting the search) 
- and an application for a search warrant (an affidavit of facts supporting the search warrant).


LPR(Legal Permanent Resident) any person not a citizen of US who is residing in the US under legally recognized & lawfully recognized permanent residence as an immigrant

-through family
-through job
-through refugee status
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Naturalized Citizen born an alien & lawfully became a US citizen under constitution and laws

1. see if you qualify
2. fill out application
3. take test
you suck. youre gonna fail
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 Criminal Lawis derived from civil law
 Actus Reusillegal act
 Mens ReaGuilty mind
 InsanityDefense to criminal prosecution in which the defendents state of mind negates his or her criminal responsibility
 intoxicationdrunkiness or drugs(involutarily)
 Ageis a defense
 entrapmentif he canvice jury that law enforcements used traps, decoys, and deception to induce criminal action
 self-defensenot guilty because of seirous bodily harm or death
-eliminate the threat(not over the top)
 Necessitycrime was committed under extreme circumstances and couldn ot be avoided
 Watchmen13th century london police officers
 Metropolitan Police ActSir Rober Peel's legislation that established the first organized police force in London
 Law Enforcement Assistance AdministrationAgency funded by the federal Safe Streets and Crime Control Act of 1968 that provided technical assistance and hundreds of millions of dollars in aid to local and state justice agencies between 1969 and 1982
 FBIThe arm of the U.S. Justice Department that investigates violations of federal law, gathers crime statistics, runs a comprehensive crime laboratory, and helps train local law enforcement officers
 CIAThe Central Intelligence Agency was created in 1947 with the signing of the National Security Act by President Harry S. Truman.
-intelligence matters relating to national security
 DEAfederal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances
-goal is to immobilize drug trafficking organizations

 U.S. Secret Service-protect president, vice president and their families, and other high-level officials
-investigating threats against protected officials and protecting the white house, vice president's house and other buildings in DC
 U.S. Marshals
-oldest federal law enforcement agency
-judicial security
-fugitive investigations
-witness security
-prisoner services
-justice prisoner and alien transportation system(air fleets)
-managing and disposing seized and forfeited properties
 Crime Mappinggeographic "hot spots" where a majority of predatory crimes are concentrated
 Genetic algorithms A computer simulation technique that emulates genetic processes as agents interact and “reproduce” according to known or hypothetical rules of genetics. 
 Rank Structure of Modern day police departmentChief of police
Deputy Chief of Police
Inspectors
Major
Captain
Lieutenant
Sergeant
Detective
Police Officer
 Kansas City Gun Experimentaggressive patrol pattern directed at restricting the carrying of guns in high risk places at high risk times
-extra patrol attention at "hot spot" high crime areas and they made checks and traffic stops..searched cars and seized guns
 Broken Windows Theorymonitoring and maintaining urban environments in a well-ordered condition may stop further vandalism as well as an escalation into more serious crime.
 Crime Fightermost important aspect is investigating serious crimes and apprehending criminals
 Social Agentpolice should be involed in a wide range of activities w/o regard to their connection to law enforcement
 Law Enforcerplaying it by the book, get everybody for everything
 The watchmanemphasis on the maintenence of public order as the police goal not on law enforcement or general service
ex. keep the peace, passive
 Tennessee vs Garnerthe use of deadly force against apparently unarmed and nondangerous fleeing felons is an illegal seizeure of the person under 4th amendment right
 Required to give the Miranda Warning?NOPE!
 Use-of-force modelpage 301
 Nolle Prosequiterm used when a prosecutor decides to drop a case after a complaint has been formally made
-evidence insufficiency
-reluctance of witnesses to testify
-police error
-office policy
Case dropped
 Voir Direprocess in which a potential jury panel is questioned by the prosecution and the defense to select jurors who are unbiased and objective
 Recidivism
habitual relapse into crime
 Ignorance or Mistakegovernement failed to make enactment of new law public
 Sheriffsmost important agent in colonial america
 3 Tests of Insanityirresistible impulse test-a person who commits a crime during a "fit of passion"
The Durham rule/"product test"- an accused is not criminally responsible if her unlawful act witht he product of mental disease or defect
The sucstantial capacity test- lack of substantial capacity to control one's behavior..."irresistible impulse"
 3 ways one could become and illegal immigrant-enter unlawfully
-commit felony on visa
-staying longer than authorized period of time
 Technology has changed law enforcement
 4 categories of stressors that impact police officersexternal stressors- verbal abuse from public, justice system inefficancy & liberal court decisions that faor the criminal
organizational stressors- low pay, excessive paperwork, and arbetrary rules
duty stressors- rotating shifts, work overload, boredom, fear &danger
individual stressors- descrimination, marriage difficulties and peronality problems
 Sources and Elements of Search WarrantSearch warrant contains two elements: 
- the search warrant itself (which is a court order permitting the search) 
- and an application for a search warrant (an affidavit of facts supporting the search warrant).


 LPR(Legal Permanent Resident)any person not a citizen of US who is residing in the US under legally recognized & lawfully recognized permanent residence as an immigrant

-through family
-through job
-through refugee status
 Naturalized Citizenborn an alien & lawfully became a US citizen under constitution and laws

1. see if you qualify
2. fill out application
3. take test
 you suck.youre gonna fail
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