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Final Review FC - Flashcards

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Class:CTVA 210 - TV-FLM AESTHETICS
Subject:Cinema and Television Arts
University:California State University - Northridge
Term:Fall 2011
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Story All events in the narrative, those explicitly shown
Plot Only the events actually presented on the screen or soundtrack
Temporary Aspects Plot Duration
Story Duration
Screen Duration
Ellipsis Shortening the plot duration by leaving aspects of the story ie( taking a shower, etc)
Generated by Koofers.com
Classical Hollywood Narrative Psychologically defined Individual characters who become the casual agent, the target of any narrative restriction.
3 Act structure Exposition
Plot will develop, goal is sought and change
Resolution displays a strong sense of closure.  Majority of filmes end with a cliched happy ending.
Speed of motion ramping
time-lapse
Generated by Koofers.com
Perspective Relations Focal length
wide-angle effects
Telephoto Effects Depth of field
       Deep, shallow (Background is out of focus)
Angle, Level, Height High Angle, Low Angle
Birds Eye view
Genre Derived from Latin "Genos"
Generated by Koofers.com
Poetics by Aristotle
  1. Kind of Events portrayed
  2. Social rank of characters
  3. Ethical qualities ( tragic flaws)
  4. Narrative Structure (dramatic reversals)
  5. Audience Effect (Catharsis)
Wo Xia Fists of Fury
Deep Thrusts
Five Fingers of Death
Action Films FunctionL Myth and Catharsis (release of societal pressures)
Themes:
  • Propriety & Intervention
  • Definition of Self
  • Moral Consequences of Violence
  • Definition of self-race, gender, nationality, religion
Hero (Action films)
  • Outside Authority
  • Ostracized by Society
  • Loner
  • Often-Working class
Generated by Koofers.com
Villain
  • Frustration with society
  • Prove the system as exploitive
  • Transgress the forbidden
Wu Xia Plan
  • Martial chivalry film
  • Genere originates in Shanghai
  • Based on Opera forms (Cantonese, Beijing)
  • Swordplay film (northern style)
  • Gung Fu Pian - empty handed style (southern style)
Themes of Asian Qing Dynasty 1644-1911
Greater Eastern Asian Co Prosperity Sphere
Japan & WWII
Re-Masculinize cantoneze cinema
Tied to economic/trade shifts
Unification of 3 Chinas
Founded by Runne Shaw & Ron Ron Shaw
Contributions to Cinema - 
Montage based films-constructive editing, and expanded time.
Rating System Brought in after Bonnie & Clyde
Violence abundant 
French New Wave

Generated by Koofers.com
Bonnie & Clyde Motifs Family 
HW Morris caters to the rebellious teens (generation block)
Bonnie and Clyde are always together

Visual Motifs:
The Eyes, Blindness - headshot in the eye, filmed behind glass
Motif In narrative, a motif is any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story. Through its repetition, a motif can help produce other narrative (or literary) aspects such as theme or mood.
Thelma Shoomaker Editor - Films such as Scorcese's:
  • Raging Bull
  • King of Comedy
  • Departed
Editing Changes the perspective; make or break the film.
Generated by Koofers.com
Editing Process Camera Rolls - Cut Scenes - Splice Scenes into conformed negative - digitize conformed negative
Non-Linear Editing A non-linear editing system is a video - (NLVE) or audio editing (NLAE) digital audio workstation (DAW) system which can perform non-destructive editing on the source material.
Cut Cut - Instantaneous rate of change from one change to another

Fade-In/Out Gradual shift to black (Deals with Time)
Generated by Koofers.com
Dissolve In the post-production process of film editing and video editing, a dissolve is a gradual transition from one image to another.
Wipe Wipe Transition 
Used throughout StarWars series
Lumiere Bros The Lumire brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (19 October 1862, Besanon, France - 10 April 1954, Lyon) and Louis Jean (5 October 1864, Besanon, France - 6 June 1948, Bandol), were among the earliest filmmakers in history.

Known for "Train coming into Station"
Eventually lead editing to "One Shot, One Scene"
Georges Melies Georges Mlis; (8 December 1861 - 21 January 1938), full name Marie-Georges-Jean Mlis, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

Known for: Fade-In/Out
Overlapping/Dissolve
Stop-Motion photography
Multiple shots in one scene
Generated by Koofers.com
Edwin Porter Edwin Stanton Porter (April 21, 1870 - April 30, 1941) was an American early film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison's company.  
"Great Train Robbery"
Great Train Robbery 1st Western
1st Cinematic exploitation of Violence
Varied Angles
Moving Camera
Parallel Editing
Kuleshov Effect The Kuleshov Effect is a film editing effect demonstrated by Russian filmmaker Lev Kuleshov in the 1910s and 1920s.

Juxtapositions - trying to figure what the audience is perceiving
Graphic Relationship Base change on graphic elements in the shot
Rhythmic relationship
Spatial relationship - objects within the frame
Temporal relationship
Generated by Koofers.com
180 Degree Rule In filmmaking, the 180 rule is a basic guideline regarding the on-screen spatial relationship between a character and another character or object within a scene.
Sergi Eisenstein Montage Theory - 
Major FIlms: Strike (1924)
Potemkin (1925)
Continuity Editing Continuity editing is the predominant style of film editing and video editing in the post-production process of filmmaking of narrative films and television programs.

Matched Action
180 Rule
Establishing Shot
Shot/Reversal shot - Hollywood rule
Cross-Cutting
Violation- Jump Cut
Jump Cut A jump cut is a cut in film editing in which two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly.

(Same Location)
Generated by Koofers.com
Sympathy for Mr Vengeance Sympathy for Mr. Vengeance is a 2002 South Korean film directed by Park Chan-wook which follows the character Ryu trying to earn enough money for his sister's kidney transplant and the path of vengeance that follows.

Motifs: Issues of Class & Roles
Green - Lack of Good emotions: Distant and Cold
Hands: Showing interaction - sight of humanity

The Awful Truth The Awful Truth is a 1937 screwball comedy film starring Irene Dunne and Cary Grant. The plot concerns the machinations of a soon-to-be-divorced couple, played by Dunne and Grant, who go to great lengths to try to ruin each other's romantic escapades.

Directed by: Leo McCarey
Dragon Inn Dragon Gate Inn, also known as Dragon Inn, is a 1967 Taiwanese wuxia film directed by King Hu. The film was remade in 1992, as New Dragon Gate Inn, and again in 2011 as The Flying Swords of Dragon Gate.
Bonnie and Clyde Bonnie and Clyde is a 1967 American crime film directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway as the title characters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker.
Generated by Koofers.com
Sunset Blvd Sunset Boulevard (also known as Sunset Blvd.) is a 1950 American film noir directed and co-written by Billy Wilder, and produced and co-written by Charles Brackett.
Documentary Documentary films constitute a broad category of nonfictional motion pictures intended to some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction or maintaining a historical record.

NOT A GENRE!!
Term Coined by John Grierson (1926)
Most abused and misunderstood term film in the lexicon
Differs from other filmmaking in terms of:
  • Subject
  • Production Method
  • Form
  • Purpose
  • Experience they offer to audiences

Night and Fog Night and Fog () is a 1955 French documentary short film. Directed by Alain Resnais, it was made ten years after the liberation of Nazi concentration camps.
John Grierson John Grierson (26 April 1898 - 19 February 1972) was a pioneering Scottish documentary maker, often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film.

Original of the social issue documentary 
Trained a generation of filmmakers
1st Director of media for Unesco
Founder of National Film Board Canada
Generated by Koofers.com
Artificial 2 Dimensional Medium Can be fake in perceiving or persuasion
Philip Dunne Philip Martin Dunne (born August 14, 1958) is a British Conservative Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Ludlow constituency in Shropshire.
Cinema as a Pulpit social issue documentary examines the disparity
Documentary Rhetorical Questions Who & How do they appeal to the audience (Emotional or Intellectual?) ?
What kind of evidence is provided?  How do you prove it credible?
How are filmic elements used in the argument?
Generated by Koofers.com
"Voice of God" Documentary Documentary Voice - person you never see narrating the documentary (Eg- Morgan Freeman)
Cinema of Vera Te Interviews - Filmed an event and filmed&supported argument with aesthetic editing.
Mise-en-Scene
"Putting into the Frame"
Mise-en-scne is an expression used to describe the design aspects of a theatre or film production, which essentially means "visual theme" or "telling a story"-both in visually artful ways through storyboarding, cinematography and stage design, and in poetically artful ways through direction.

Staging the event for the Camera:
  • Setting
  • Lighting
  • Costume/Makeup
  • Behavior of the Figures/Characters
"Cabinet of Dr. Calagari-1920"
 


Setting & Props
  • Function & Narrative
  • Locale
  • Time
  • Characterization
"Psycho" - Victorian Architecture 
Generated by Koofers.com
Lighting
  • Illuminated
  • Time
  • Mood
  • Characterization
3 Point Lighting Three-point lighting is a standard method used in visual media such as video, film, still photography and computer-generated imagery.

Key, Fill, Back Lighting
High Key Lighting High-key lighting is a style of lighting for film, television, or photography that aims to reduce the lighting ratio present in the scene.
Low Key Lighting
Generated by Koofers.com
Sound in Cinema
  • Speech
  • Music
  • Sound Effects
  • Sometimes a sound may cross categories
  • Sound can direct our attention on and off the screen
  • Sountrack can clarify image events, contradict them, render them ambiguous
Power of Sound:
  • Sound cues us to form expectations
  • Cheat expectations
  • Sound gives new value to silence
Diajetic Music Part of the Movie - can be part of a soundtrack
Is part of the Character's world
Non-Diajetic Not part of the characters tone- for the audience to experience.
Sound-Bridge Sound that carries over to the next scene
Generated by Koofers.com
Screenwriting Intertexuality
Cecile B. Demille Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 - January 21, 1959) was an American film director and Academy Award-winning film producer in both silent and sound films.
Erich Von Stroheim Erich von Stroheim (September 22, 1885 - May 12, 1957) was an Austrian-born film star of the silent era, subsequently noted as an auteur for his directorial work.
Film Noir Film Noir- 1946 Frank Nino
Wilder, Welles, Otto, Preminger, Fritz Lang
NOT A GENRE
Mood, Style, POV, and tone
Influenced by German Expressionism of 1920s-30s

Book Definition: "Dark Film" - applied by French critics to a type of American film, usually in the detective or thriller genres, with low-key lighting and somber mood.
Generated by Koofers.com
Which of the following is NOT considered part of a shot's mise-en-scene? The Sound effects
Vertical Integration means the studio controls... Production, distribution, and exhibition
The Director of Sunset Blvd is... Billy Wilder
The System of lighting used in classical hollywood filmmaking is known as 3-point lighting
Generated by Koofers.com
What prop was important in Sunset Blvd? Cigarette Case
T/F: Motion Pictures are based on an optical illusion True
T/F: Disney was on of the original Big 5 studios False
T/F: Films shot in the studio have mise-en-scene, while films made entirely on location do not. False
Generated by Koofers.com
T/F: The Teens in Girls Town come of age through the loss of their virginity. False
T/F Norma Desmond in Sunset Blvd wrote a screenplay based on the biblical story of Samson and Delilah. False
Who was the director of RoboCop? Paul Verhoeven
In what city does RoboCop take place? Detroit
Generated by Koofers.com
What is the recurring catch phrase heard mostly on TV within the film? "I'd buy that for a dollar"
Which aspect of the SUX car makes it "an American tradition" It gets 8 miles per gallon
Run Lola Run was made in what country? Germany
Events in a classical Hollywood narrative are linked by Cause and Effect
Generated by Koofers.com
Prime directive#4 of RoboCop's program is that he must uphold the law False
The elimination of story elements understood by inference is known as an ellipsis True
Run Lola Run Run Lola Run is a 1998 German crime thriller film written and directed by Tom Tykwer and starring Franka Potente as Lola and Moritz Bleibtreu as Manni.
Classic Noir Use of deep shadows & extreme angles
Chiaroscuro lighting- often one dimensional with little fill lighting
Disorienting compostions
Night for night shooting
Extreme weather
Surreal settings
Jarring editing
Skewed camera angles
Generated by Koofers.com
The Golden Age of Cinema 1925-1950
"Factories" - large scale production for mass entertainment
  • Filmmaking and narrative practice standardized
  • Became "mainstream entertainment"
Movie Palaces

Big Five
  1. Paramount
  2. Fox
  3. Loews/MGM
  4. Warner Bros
  5. RKO Pictures
Major/Minors Universal
Columbia
United Artists
Poverty Row Poverty Row is a slang term used in Hollywood from the late silent period through the mid-fifties to refer to a variety of small and mostly short-lived B movie studios.

  • Republic
  • Monogram
Generated by Koofers.com
Warner Bros 1923 - Harry, Albert, Sam, and Jack Warner
  • Crimes & Dramas
  • Social Issues(BIO PICS)
Major Stars: Humphrey Bogart, James Cagny
Looney Tunes
MGM Marcus Loew
Sam Goldfish & Archibald Selwyn
Loew - chain of theaters
Paramount 1912 Famous Players Co
Later merge and becomes Paramount Studios
20th Century Fox Founded by William Fox in 1915  
Dang Zanuck


Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, with hyphen, from 1935 to 1985)-also known as 20th Century Fox, or simply 20th or Fox-is one of the six major American film studios .
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Columbia Frank Capra notable director
Universal First company to market stars.
Known for horror movies
Decline of the Studio system WWII
Paramount Decree - Supreme court steps in to prevent oligopoly 
Increased power of Unions and talent
Radio/TV
Cold War & McCarthyism era
Girls Town Girls Town is a 1959 film produced by MGM, starring Mamie Van Doren, Mel Torm and Ray Anthony; Paul Anka also appears in his first acting role.
Directed by Jim McKay
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Screwball Comedy The screwball comedy is a principally American genre of comedy film that became popular during the Great Depression, originating in the early 1930s and thriving until the early 1940s.

"Battle of the Sexes"
Cross-Dressing & Gender confusion
Comic repititions
Contemporary-Luxury 
movement from one protagonist to another
MPPC Motion Picture Patent Company
Founded in 1908
Included 10 Film producers and distribution companies
contract with/ Eastman-Kodak Co

Thomas Edison - Formed this to control the film market

Roger Corman Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926) is an American film producer, director and actor. He has mostly worked on low-budget B movies.
AIP (American International Picture)
King of the Cult film
  Later started careers for Martin Scorcese and many others.
Ancillary Market Ancillary markets are non-theatrical markets for feature films, like home video, television, Pay Per View, VOD, Internet streaming, airlines and others.
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The Awful Truth The Awful Truth is a 1937 screwball comedy film starring Irene Dunne and Cary Grant. The plot concerns the machinations of a soon-to-be-divorced couple, played by Dunne and Grant, who go to great lengths to try to ruin each other's romantic escapades.
Directed by Leo McCarey
Takes place in New York
Mickey Mousing In animation and film, "Mickey Mousing" is a film technique that syncs the accompanying music with the actions on screen.

or

Matching movement to music 
Film Treatment A film treatment is a piece of prose, typically the step between scene cards (index cards) and the first draft of a screenplay for a motion picture, television program, or radio play.
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

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 StoryAll events in the narrative, those explicitly shown
 PlotOnly the events actually presented on the screen or soundtrack
 Temporary AspectsPlot Duration
Story Duration
Screen Duration
 EllipsisShortening the plot duration by leaving aspects of the story ie( taking a shower, etc)
 Classical Hollywood NarrativePsychologically defined Individual characters who become the casual agent, the target of any narrative restriction.
 3 Act structureExposition
Plot will develop, goal is sought and change
 Resolutiondisplays a strong sense of closure.  Majority of filmes end with a cliched happy ending.
 Speed of motionramping
time-lapse
 Perspective RelationsFocal length
wide-angle effects
 Telephoto EffectsDepth of field
       Deep, shallow (Background is out of focus)
 Angle, Level, HeightHigh Angle, Low Angle
Birds Eye view
 GenreDerived from Latin "Genos"
 Poetics by Aristotle
  1. Kind of Events portrayed
  2. Social rank of characters
  3. Ethical qualities ( tragic flaws)
  4. Narrative Structure (dramatic reversals)
  5. Audience Effect (Catharsis)
 Wo XiaFists of Fury
Deep Thrusts
Five Fingers of Death
 Action FilmsFunctionL Myth and Catharsis (release of societal pressures)
Themes:
  • Propriety & Intervention
  • Definition of Self
  • Moral Consequences of Violence
  • Definition of self-race, gender, nationality, religion
 Hero(Action films)
  • Outside Authority
  • Ostracized by Society
  • Loner
  • Often-Working class
 Villain
  • Frustration with society
  • Prove the system as exploitive
  • Transgress the forbidden
 Wu Xia Plan
  • Martial chivalry film
  • Genere originates in Shanghai
  • Based on Opera forms (Cantonese, Beijing)
  • Swordplay film (northern style)
  • Gung Fu Pian - empty handed style (southern style)
 Themes of AsianQing Dynasty 1644-1911
Greater Eastern Asian Co Prosperity Sphere
Japan & WWII
Re-Masculinize cantoneze cinema
Tied to economic/trade shifts
Unification of 3 Chinas
Founded by Runne Shaw & Ron Ron Shaw
Contributions to Cinema - 
Montage based films-constructive editing, and expanded time.
 Rating SystemBrought in after Bonnie & Clyde
Violence abundant 
French New Wave

 Bonnie & Clyde MotifsFamily 
HW Morris caters to the rebellious teens (generation block)
Bonnie and Clyde are always together

Visual Motifs:
The Eyes, Blindness - headshot in the eye, filmed behind glass
 MotifIn narrative, a motif is any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story. Through its repetition, a motif can help produce other narrative (or literary) aspects such as theme or mood.
 Thelma ShoomakerEditor - Films such as Scorcese's:
  • Raging Bull
  • King of Comedy
  • Departed
 EditingChanges the perspective; make or break the film.
 Editing ProcessCamera Rolls - Cut Scenes - Splice Scenes into conformed negative - digitize conformed negative
 Non-Linear EditingA non-linear editing system is a video - (NLVE) or audio editing (NLAE) digital audio workstation (DAW) system which can perform non-destructive editing on the source material.
 CutCut - Instantaneous rate of change from one change to another

 Fade-In/OutGradual shift to black (Deals with Time)
 DissolveIn the post-production process of film editing and video editing, a dissolve is a gradual transition from one image to another.
 WipeWipe Transition 
Used throughout StarWars series
 Lumiere BrosThe Lumire brothers, Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (19 October 1862, Besanon, France - 10 April 1954, Lyon) and Louis Jean (5 October 1864, Besanon, France - 6 June 1948, Bandol), were among the earliest filmmakers in history.

Known for "Train coming into Station"
Eventually lead editing to "One Shot, One Scene"
 Georges MeliesGeorges Mlis; (8 December 1861 - 21 January 1938), full name Marie-Georges-Jean Mlis, was a French illusionist and filmmaker famous for leading many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema.

Known for: Fade-In/Out
Overlapping/Dissolve
Stop-Motion photography
Multiple shots in one scene
 Edwin PorterEdwin Stanton Porter (April 21, 1870 - April 30, 1941) was an American early film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison's company.  
"Great Train Robbery"
 Great Train Robbery1st Western
1st Cinematic exploitation of Violence
Varied Angles
Moving Camera
Parallel Editing
 Kuleshov EffectThe Kuleshov Effect is a film editing effect demonstrated by Russian filmmaker Lev Kuleshov in the 1910s and 1920s.

Juxtapositions - trying to figure what the audience is perceiving
 Graphic RelationshipBase change on graphic elements in the shot
Rhythmic relationship
Spatial relationship - objects within the frame
Temporal relationship
 180 Degree RuleIn filmmaking, the 180 rule is a basic guideline regarding the on-screen spatial relationship between a character and another character or object within a scene.
 Sergi EisensteinMontage Theory - 
Major FIlms: Strike (1924)
Potemkin (1925)
 Continuity EditingContinuity editing is the predominant style of film editing and video editing in the post-production process of filmmaking of narrative films and television programs.

Matched Action
180 Rule
Establishing Shot
Shot/Reversal shot - Hollywood rule
Cross-Cutting
Violation- Jump Cut
 Jump CutA jump cut is a cut in film editing in which two sequential shots of the same subject are taken from camera positions that vary only slightly.

(Same Location)
 Sympathy for Mr VengeanceSympathy for Mr. Vengeance is a 2002 South Korean film directed by Park Chan-wook which follows the character Ryu trying to earn enough money for his sister's kidney transplant and the path of vengeance that follows.

Motifs: Issues of Class & Roles
Green - Lack of Good emotions: Distant and Cold
Hands: Showing interaction - sight of humanity

 The Awful TruthThe Awful Truth is a 1937 screwball comedy film starring Irene Dunne and Cary Grant. The plot concerns the machinations of a soon-to-be-divorced couple, played by Dunne and Grant, who go to great lengths to try to ruin each other's romantic escapades.

Directed by: Leo McCarey
 Dragon InnDragon Gate Inn, also known as Dragon Inn, is a 1967 Taiwanese wuxia film directed by King Hu. The film was remade in 1992, as New Dragon Gate Inn, and again in 2011 as The Flying Swords of Dragon Gate.
 Bonnie and ClydeBonnie and Clyde is a 1967 American crime film directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway as the title characters Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker.
 Sunset BlvdSunset Boulevard (also known as Sunset Blvd.) is a 1950 American film noir directed and co-written by Billy Wilder, and produced and co-written by Charles Brackett.
 DocumentaryDocumentary films constitute a broad category of nonfictional motion pictures intended to some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction or maintaining a historical record.

NOT A GENRE!!
Term Coined by John Grierson (1926)
Most abused and misunderstood term film in the lexicon
Differs from other filmmaking in terms of:
  • Subject
  • Production Method
  • Form
  • Purpose
  • Experience they offer to audiences

 Night and FogNight and Fog () is a 1955 French documentary short film. Directed by Alain Resnais, it was made ten years after the liberation of Nazi concentration camps.
 John GriersonJohn Grierson (26 April 1898 - 19 February 1972) was a pioneering Scottish documentary maker, often considered the father of British and Canadian documentary film.

Original of the social issue documentary 
Trained a generation of filmmakers
1st Director of media for Unesco
Founder of National Film Board Canada
 Artificial 2 Dimensional MediumCan be fake in perceiving or persuasion
 Philip DunnePhilip Martin Dunne (born August 14, 1958) is a British Conservative Party politician and the Member of Parliament (MP) for the Ludlow constituency in Shropshire.
 Cinema as a Pulpitsocial issue documentary examines the disparity
 Documentary Rhetorical QuestionsWho & How do they appeal to the audience (Emotional or Intellectual?) ?
What kind of evidence is provided?  How do you prove it credible?
How are filmic elements used in the argument?
 "Voice of God" DocumentaryDocumentary Voice - person you never see narrating the documentary (Eg- Morgan Freeman)
 Cinema of Vera TeInterviews - Filmed an event and filmed&supported argument with aesthetic editing.
 Mise-en-Scene
"Putting into the Frame"
Mise-en-scne is an expression used to describe the design aspects of a theatre or film production, which essentially means "visual theme" or "telling a story"-both in visually artful ways through storyboarding, cinematography and stage design, and in poetically artful ways through direction.

Staging the event for the Camera:
  • Setting
  • Lighting
  • Costume/Makeup
  • Behavior of the Figures/Characters
"Cabinet of Dr. Calagari-1920"
 


 Setting & Props
  • Function & Narrative
  • Locale
  • Time
  • Characterization
"Psycho" - Victorian Architecture 
 Lighting
  • Illuminated
  • Time
  • Mood
  • Characterization
 3 Point LightingThree-point lighting is a standard method used in visual media such as video, film, still photography and computer-generated imagery.

Key, Fill, Back Lighting
 High Key LightingHigh-key lighting is a style of lighting for film, television, or photography that aims to reduce the lighting ratio present in the scene.
 Low Key Lighting
 Sound in Cinema
  • Speech
  • Music
  • Sound Effects
  • Sometimes a sound may cross categories
  • Sound can direct our attention on and off the screen
  • Sountrack can clarify image events, contradict them, render them ambiguous
Power of Sound:
  • Sound cues us to form expectations
  • Cheat expectations
  • Sound gives new value to silence
 Diajetic MusicPart of the Movie - can be part of a soundtrack
Is part of the Character's world
 Non-DiajeticNot part of the characters tone- for the audience to experience.
 Sound-BridgeSound that carries over to the next scene
 ScreenwritingIntertexuality
 Cecile B. DemilleCecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 - January 21, 1959) was an American film director and Academy Award-winning film producer in both silent and sound films.
 Erich Von StroheimErich von Stroheim (September 22, 1885 - May 12, 1957) was an Austrian-born film star of the silent era, subsequently noted as an auteur for his directorial work.
 Film NoirFilm Noir- 1946 Frank Nino
Wilder, Welles, Otto, Preminger, Fritz Lang
NOT A GENRE
Mood, Style, POV, and tone
Influenced by German Expressionism of 1920s-30s

Book Definition: "Dark Film" - applied by French critics to a type of American film, usually in the detective or thriller genres, with low-key lighting and somber mood.
 Which of the following is NOT considered part of a shot's mise-en-scene?The Sound effects
 Vertical Integration means the studio controls...Production, distribution, and exhibition
 The Director of Sunset Blvd is...Billy Wilder
 The System of lighting used in classical hollywood filmmaking is known as3-point lighting
 What prop was important in Sunset Blvd?Cigarette Case
 T/F: Motion Pictures are based on an optical illusionTrue
 T/F: Disney was on of the original Big 5 studiosFalse
 T/F: Films shot in the studio have mise-en-scene, while films made entirely on location do not.False
 T/F: The Teens in Girls Town come of age through the loss of their virginity.False
 T/F Norma Desmond in Sunset Blvd wrote a screenplay based on the biblical story of Samson and Delilah.False
 Who was the director of RoboCop?Paul Verhoeven
 In what city does RoboCop take place?Detroit
 What is the recurring catch phrase heard mostly on TV within the film?"I'd buy that for a dollar"
 Which aspect of the SUX car makes it "an American tradition"It gets 8 miles per gallon
 Run Lola Run was made in what country?Germany
 Events in a classical Hollywood narrative are linked byCause and Effect
 Prime directive#4 of RoboCop's program is that he must uphold the lawFalse
 The elimination of story elements understood by inference is known as an ellipsisTrue
 Run Lola RunRun Lola Run is a 1998 German crime thriller film written and directed by Tom Tykwer and starring Franka Potente as Lola and Moritz Bleibtreu as Manni.
 Classic NoirUse of deep shadows & extreme angles
Chiaroscuro lighting- often one dimensional with little fill lighting
Disorienting compostions
Night for night shooting
Extreme weather
Surreal settings
Jarring editing
Skewed camera angles
 The Golden Age of Cinema1925-1950
"Factories" - large scale production for mass entertainment
  • Filmmaking and narrative practice standardized
  • Became "mainstream entertainment"
Movie Palaces

 Big Five
  1. Paramount
  2. Fox
  3. Loews/MGM
  4. Warner Bros
  5. RKO Pictures
 Major/MinorsUniversal
Columbia
United Artists
 Poverty RowPoverty Row is a slang term used in Hollywood from the late silent period through the mid-fifties to refer to a variety of small and mostly short-lived B movie studios.

  • Republic
  • Monogram
 Warner Bros1923 - Harry, Albert, Sam, and Jack Warner
  • Crimes & Dramas
  • Social Issues(BIO PICS)
Major Stars: Humphrey Bogart, James Cagny
Looney Tunes
 MGMMarcus Loew
Sam Goldfish & Archibald Selwyn
Loew - chain of theaters
 Paramount1912 Famous Players Co
Later merge and becomes Paramount Studios
 20th Century FoxFounded by William Fox in 1915  
Dang Zanuck


Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, with hyphen, from 1935 to 1985)-also known as 20th Century Fox, or simply 20th or Fox-is one of the six major American film studios .
 ColumbiaFrank Capra notable director
 UniversalFirst company to market stars.
Known for horror movies
 Decline of the Studio systemWWII
Paramount Decree - Supreme court steps in to prevent oligopoly 
Increased power of Unions and talent
Radio/TV
Cold War & McCarthyism era
 Girls TownGirls Town is a 1959 film produced by MGM, starring Mamie Van Doren, Mel Torm and Ray Anthony; Paul Anka also appears in his first acting role.
Directed by Jim McKay
 Screwball ComedyThe screwball comedy is a principally American genre of comedy film that became popular during the Great Depression, originating in the early 1930s and thriving until the early 1940s.

"Battle of the Sexes"
Cross-Dressing & Gender confusion
Comic repititions
Contemporary-Luxury 
movement from one protagonist to another
 MPPCMotion Picture Patent Company
Founded in 1908
Included 10 Film producers and distribution companies
contract with/ Eastman-Kodak Co

Thomas Edison - Formed this to control the film market

 Roger CormanRoger William Corman (born April 5, 1926) is an American film producer, director and actor. He has mostly worked on low-budget B movies.
AIP (American International Picture)
King of the Cult film
  Later started careers for Martin Scorcese and many others.
 Ancillary MarketAncillary markets are non-theatrical markets for feature films, like home video, television, Pay Per View, VOD, Internet streaming, airlines and others.
 The Awful TruthThe Awful Truth is a 1937 screwball comedy film starring Irene Dunne and Cary Grant. The plot concerns the machinations of a soon-to-be-divorced couple, played by Dunne and Grant, who go to great lengths to try to ruin each other's romantic escapades.
Directed by Leo McCarey
Takes place in New York
 Mickey MousingIn animation and film, "Mickey Mousing" is a film technique that syncs the accompanying music with the actions on screen.

or

Matching movement to music 
 Film TreatmentA film treatment is a piece of prose, typically the step between scene cards (index cards) and the first draft of a screenplay for a motion picture, television program, or radio play.
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