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Chapter 11 - Flashcards

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Class:DSNM 443 - Economics of Design
Subject:Design Merchandising
University:Radford University
Term:Fall 2010
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      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
social responsibility obligation to a group or general population and consumers for their well-being
ethics system or code of morals
morals generally accepted standards of right or wrong
Code of Ethics adopted by businesses to guide decision making
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What are the 3 categories included in social responsibility? 1. Fair Treatment of Workers 2. Supporting the environment 3. Supporting the law
Universal Declaration of Workers States all people are equal in dignity and rights and have a right to life, liberty, and security Adopted by United Nations in 1948
List items under Human Rights and Labor - Fair wages - Standard work day and week - Overtime pay - Healthy working conditions - No child labor
Labor Exploitation taking advantage of employee because of poverty, gender, or age Includes: low wages, long hours, no overtime or benefits, unsafe or unhealthy work conditions, child labor
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Labor Unions bargain with employer on behalf of workers about terms and conditions of employment They negotiate: wages, overtime, holiday pay; length of work day; benefits; safety and security issues
What are the five phases of development that Textile & Apparel Unions went through? 1. Organizational Phase 2. Growth Phase 3. Merger Phase 4. Immigrant & export phase 5. Social Activism phase
Organizational Phase 1880-1920 Workers learned they had more power when joined together
ILGWU International Ladies Garment Workers Union
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ACWA Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America (for menswear)
Growth Phase 1920-1960 Bargained for improved working conditions Insurance established Textiles Workers Union of America was established
Merger Phase 1960-1980 Continued improvement of working conditions Day care added Retirement benefits Power of Union decreased Manufacturing jobs sent overseas for low cost ACTWU formed
ACTWU Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union
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Immigrant and Export Phase 1980-1995 2 primary unions realized they must support immigrant labor Worked to legalize immigrant workers Established code of conduct for developing countries 2 unions merged to form UNITE
UNITE Union of Needletraders, Industrial, and Textile Employers
Social Activism Phase 1995-present UNITE joined with social activists to eliminate labor abuse in factories Joined with HERE Formed UNITE HERE
HERE Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees
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UNITE HERE current trade union that provides protection for T&A workers Represents the following: apparel and textile manufacturing, apparel distribution centers, and apparel retail; industrial laundries; hotels and casinos; food service; airport concessions; restaurants Membership is largely immigrants; includes high % of African-American, Hispanic-American, and Asian-American workers; majority of workers are women
Social Activist person or organization that endorses a policy of taking positive, direct action to achieve an end
CLR Campaign for Labor Rights -Promote economic and social justice by ending labor rights violations around the world Social Activist group
US/LEAP Labor Education in the Americas Project - Supports economic justice and basic rights for workers in Central America, Mexico, Colombia, and Dominican Republic Social Activist group
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Trade Association organization of executives or managers that share common professional interests share their corporate social responsibility and social activism with public
FLA Fair Labor Association - Improving labor conditions around the world - Ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide Trade Association
WRAP Worldwide Responsible Apparel Production - Lawful, humane, and ethical manufacturing around the world - Prevent labor exploitation Trade Association
Environmental Protection -reduce pollution - Chemical disposal
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List environmental concerns - Chemicals and finishes used in fabric production - Dyes used in furniture - Proper disposal of these - Don't get into water supply or soil Solution: using little to no chemicals in growing process
List components of supporting the law - Anti-counterfeiting - Anti-piracy - Illegal transshipment - Labeling requirements - Safety issues - Truth in advertising
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 social responsibilityobligation to a group or general population and consumers for their well-being
 ethicssystem or code of morals
 moralsgenerally accepted standards of right or wrong
 Code of Ethicsadopted by businesses to guide decision making
 What are the 3 categories included in social responsibility?1. Fair Treatment of Workers
2. Supporting the environment
3. Supporting the law
 Universal Declaration of WorkersStates all people are equal in dignity and rights and have a right to life, liberty, and security

Adopted by United Nations in 1948
 List items under Human Rights and Labor- Fair wages
- Standard work day and week
- Overtime pay
- Healthy working conditions
- No child labor
 Labor Exploitationtaking advantage of employee because of poverty, gender, or age

Includes: low wages, long hours, no overtime or benefits, unsafe or unhealthy work conditions, child labor
 Labor Unionsbargain with employer on behalf of workers about terms and conditions of employment

They negotiate: wages, overtime, holiday pay; length of work day; benefits; safety and security issues
 What are the five phases of development that Textile & Apparel Unions went through?1. Organizational Phase
2. Growth Phase
3. Merger Phase
4. Immigrant & export phase
5. Social Activism phase
 Organizational Phase1880-1920
Workers learned they had more power when joined together
 ILGWUInternational Ladies Garment Workers Union
 ACWAAmalgamated Clothing Workers of America
(for menswear)
 Growth Phase1920-1960
Bargained for improved working conditions
Insurance established
Textiles Workers Union of America was established
 Merger Phase1960-1980
Continued improvement of working conditions
Day care added
Retirement benefits
Power of Union decreased
Manufacturing jobs sent overseas for low cost
ACTWU formed
 ACTWUAmalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers Union
 Immigrant and Export Phase1980-1995
2 primary unions realized they must support immigrant labor
Worked to legalize immigrant workers
Established code of conduct for developing countries
2 unions merged to form UNITE
 UNITEUnion of Needletraders, Industrial, and Textile Employers
 Social Activism Phase1995-present
UNITE joined with social activists to eliminate labor abuse in factories
Joined with HERE
Formed UNITE HERE
 HEREHotel Employees and Restaurant Employees
 UNITE HEREcurrent trade union that provides protection for T&A workers

Represents the following: apparel and textile manufacturing, apparel distribution centers, and apparel retail; industrial laundries; hotels and casinos; food service; airport concessions; restaurants

Membership is largely immigrants; includes high % of African-American, Hispanic-American, and Asian-American workers; majority of workers are women
 Social Activistperson or organization that endorses a policy of taking positive, direct action to achieve an end
 CLRCampaign for Labor Rights
-Promote economic and social justice by ending labor rights violations around the world

Social Activist group
 US/LEAPLabor Education in the Americas Project
- Supports economic justice and basic rights for workers in Central America, Mexico, Colombia, and Dominican Republic

Social Activist group
 Trade Associationorganization of executives or managers that share common professional interests

share their corporate social responsibility and social activism with public
 FLAFair Labor Association
- Improving labor conditions around the world
- Ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide

Trade Association
 WRAPWorldwide Responsible Apparel Production
- Lawful, humane, and ethical manufacturing around the world
- Prevent labor exploitation

Trade Association
 Environmental Protection-reduce pollution
- Chemical disposal
 List environmental concerns- Chemicals and finishes used in fabric production
- Dyes used in furniture
- Proper disposal of these
- Don't get into water supply or soil

Solution: using little to no chemicals in growing process
 List components of supporting the law- Anti-counterfeiting
- Anti-piracy
- Illegal transshipment
- Labeling requirements
- Safety issues
- Truth in advertising
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