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Class:ENG 120G - READING, WRITING, AND IDENTITY
Subject:ENGLISH
University:Connecticut College
Term:Fall 2014
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Slide 1 2

To be able to understand language convention, need to read the text and identify language conventions that have been used. Language conventions are the techniques used to construct a text’s meaning and the purpose. In simple terms, language conventions are used to help write a text based on narrative and generic conventions.


Some language conventions that I was able to identify the text “Reason” by Isaac Asimov are:

(Slide 2)

Q) What is Derogatory Language? (Slide 3)

(Class input)

Asimov uses derogatory language; words that are meant to hurt people’s feelings or insult someone from what is said about them.

(Slide 4)


These are some derogatory terms Asimov has used in “Reason”.

1. Why has the author used these words? (Don’t read the question)

The reason why Asimov has used these words is to describe the robots as no more than walking metal. Being useless, something that should be molten down to be used for something far more useful and less painful to cooperate with. That part is from the fact that QT-1 is being painful for the scientists; Powell and Donovan. 

Why is Cutie being painful?    Does any one know? 

This is because of his questioning of his existence as a robot.

As the fact that he won’t believe human’s made it.


The author has purposely used these words to implement the hatred humans have on their own creations when difficulties occur with technology Such as when the latest device doesn’t work to its normal capabilities. To fix it we seem to throw derogatory language at the device.

In “Reason” the character Donavon has been represented as an aggressive scientist that physically abuses the robots. (Little gap) 


Such as this quote from the text, (Slide 5). A harsh and violent statement, like hitting a remote to try and make it work. Asimov uses this language convention to make the meaning that Donovan wants these robots to work properly.

Section 2:)

As “Reason” is a Science Fiction short story, it is essential for the author to use scientific language, that can be made up, as part of language convention. 


He uses this type metalanguage combining technology and science to set a futuristic setting in the story.

Such as these quotes. 

(Slide 6)

The reason why the author had used these words is that; science fiction involves technology we currently don’t have access to or have invented, so names of specific processes and equipment will have odd names to those in the past. Just like iPhones would have been considered as a science fiction product in the 20th century. 

Because Asimov was a professor of biochemistry it was easy for him to use scientific language in his stories, as he knew what the words meant.


Section 3:

Language that makes fun of religion is used in “Reason” that allows people to attribute things that happen to them as acts of God, or what was meant to happen, rather than thinking about how or why it happened. (Religious terms are used in “Reason” to, in informal term, makes fun of the religion itself and presents the believers as a robot, represented Cutie.) 

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         This helps in building up the story line by the influence of intertextual content that can challenge

the reader’s thoughts. 


Religious (Makes fun)

(Slide 8)

These terms directly satirise religion, because “Master” is referred to God. As Cutie believes that the control centre is the “Master”.

3. Why do you think the Asimov has used these terms in the text?

Yes, its is to make fun of religion, bringing in his own personal thoughts about religion and questioning on the existence of God. 


The reason why Asimov has used these terms is the influence of him being a rationalist who doesn’t believe in God but instead looks for reasons. 

(Which is why I'm guessing the tittle of the text is “Reason”.)

Similar to QT’s constant need for reasons regarding existence, similar to Asimov. However, he needs reasons as to why people believe in religion.  


- Asimov believed that science is strictly a construct of the human mind working according to the laws of nature. And that religion is something that lies outside and may embrace science.

- Question is, why does Asimov have religion aspect in the story?

This is because he believed that “it is impossible to write science fiction and really ignore religion”.


And this is mainly from Asimov’s contextual perspective that he has implemented it in the short story. 

(Next slide 9): Use of intertextuality:

In contrary Asimov has cleverly used the convention of diction in “Reason” associated with the word Prophet at a time when society was losing faith In religion. In the text, Asimov has used intertextuality that creates a meaning of satirising religion by using a famous statement and changing the main belief of a particular religion (which is in this case from Islam) to suit his own purpose. 


When Cutie says, ( Slide 9: “There is no Master but the Master and QT One is his prophet!”) This especially challenges audience’s expectations of the time by contrasting the religious belief between human beings known as the robots in the text, and God who is the Master.

Section 4:

Asimov has also implemented the use of Philosophy to tie the existence of Cutie with life. Deep philosophical questions are used in “Reason” about what it means to be alive, how we make sense of our own existence, and how we use (often faulty) logic to get there. 

    Philosophy 

(Slide 11)

The quotes represent QT’s philosophy regarding him questioning how he was, in a way, born but also how be came into existence. Then draws to the conclusion that he was made by the Master based on his philosophies. 

René Descartes, famous French philosopher’s quote has been used : "I think; therefore, I am".

- He was the first major figure in the philosophical movement known as rationalism, a method of understanding the world based on the use of reason as the means to attain knowledge.

- Even though Asimov wrote  the story long before current developments in artificial intelligence, Asimov had profound insights into the philosophical and moral implications. As his writing is filled with cautionary tales against technology

Generated by Koofers.com

End:


In the end, what i have said can be used to answer exam questions that involve language conventions. Have a god at this question using the information I ave presented. 

Generated by Koofers.com

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 Slide 1 2

To be able to understand language convention, need to read the text and identify language conventions that have been used. Language conventions are the techniques used to construct a text’s meaning and the purpose. In simple terms, language conventions are used to help write a text based on narrative and generic conventions.


Some language conventions that I was able to identify the text “Reason” by Isaac Asimov are:

(Slide 2)

Q) What is Derogatory Language? (Slide 3)

(Class input)

Asimov uses derogatory language; words that are meant to hurt people’s feelings or insult someone from what is said about them.

(Slide 4)


  

These are some derogatory terms Asimov has used in “Reason”.

1. Why has the author used these words? (Don’t read the question)

The reason why Asimov has used these words is to describe the robots as no more than walking metal. Being useless, something that should be molten down to be used for something far more useful and less painful to cooperate with. That part is from the fact that QT-1 is being painful for the scientists; Powell and Donovan. 

Why is Cutie being painful?    Does any one know? 

This is because of his questioning of his existence as a robot.

As the fact that he won’t believe human’s made it.


The author has purposely used these words to implement the hatred humans have on their own creations when difficulties occur with technology Such as when the latest device doesn’t work to its normal capabilities. To fix it we seem to throw derogatory language at the device.

  

In “Reason” the character Donavon has been represented as an aggressive scientist that physically abuses the robots. (Little gap) 


Such as this quote from the text, (Slide 5). A harsh and violent statement, like hitting a remote to try and make it work. Asimov uses this language convention to make the meaning that Donovan wants these robots to work properly.

Section 2:)

As “Reason” is a Science Fiction short story, it is essential for the author to use scientific language, that can be made up, as part of language convention. 


He uses this type metalanguage combining technology and science to set a futuristic setting in the story.

Such as these quotes. 

(Slide 6)

  

The reason why the author had used these words is that; science fiction involves technology we currently don’t have access to or have invented, so names of specific processes and equipment will have odd names to those in the past. Just like iPhones would have been considered as a science fiction product in the 20th century. 

Because Asimov was a professor of biochemistry it was easy for him to use scientific language in his stories, as he knew what the words meant.


Section 3:

Language that makes fun of religion is used in “Reason” that allows people to attribute things that happen to them as acts of God, or what was meant to happen, rather than thinking about how or why it happened. (Religious terms are used in “Reason” to, in informal term, makes fun of the religion itself and presents the believers as a robot, represented Cutie.) 

           This helps in building up the story line by the influence of intertextual content that can challenge

the reader’s thoughts. 


Religious (Makes fun)

(Slide 8)

These terms directly satirise religion, because “Master” is referred to God. As Cutie believes that the control centre is the “Master”.

3. Why do you think the Asimov has used these terms in the text?

Yes, its is to make fun of religion, bringing in his own personal thoughts about religion and questioning on the existence of God. 


The reason why Asimov has used these terms is the influence of him being a rationalist who doesn’t believe in God but instead looks for reasons. 

(Which is why I'm guessing the tittle of the text is “Reason”.)

  

Similar to QT’s constant need for reasons regarding existence, similar to Asimov. However, he needs reasons as to why people believe in religion.  


- Asimov believed that science is strictly a construct of the human mind working according to the laws of nature. And that religion is something that lies outside and may embrace science.

- Question is, why does Asimov have religion aspect in the story?

This is because he believed that “it is impossible to write science fiction and really ignore religion”.


And this is mainly from Asimov’s contextual perspective that he has implemented it in the short story. 
  

(Next slide 9): Use of intertextuality:

In contrary Asimov has cleverly used the convention of diction in “Reason” associated with the word Prophet at a time when society was losing faith In religion. In the text, Asimov has used intertextuality that creates a meaning of satirising religion by using a famous statement and changing the main belief of a particular religion (which is in this case from Islam) to suit his own purpose. 


When Cutie says, ( Slide 9: “There is no Master but the Master and QT One is his prophet!”) This especially challenges audience’s expectations of the time by contrasting the religious belief between human beings known as the robots in the text, and God who is the Master.

Section 4:

Asimov has also implemented the use of Philosophy to tie the existence of Cutie with life. Deep philosophical questions are used in “Reason” about what it means to be alive, how we make sense of our own existence, and how we use (often faulty) logic to get there. 

  

    Philosophy 

(Slide 11)

The quotes represent QT’s philosophy regarding him questioning how he was, in a way, born but also how be came into existence. Then draws to the conclusion that he was made by the Master based on his philosophies. 

René Descartes, famous French philosopher’s quote has been used : "I think; therefore, I am".

- He was the first major figure in the philosophical movement known as rationalism, a method of understanding the world based on the use of reason as the means to attain knowledge.

- Even though Asimov wrote  the story long before current developments in artificial intelligence, Asimov had profound insights into the philosophical and moral implications. As his writing is filled with cautionary tales against technology

  

End:


In the end, what i have said can be used to answer exam questions that involve language conventions. Have a god at this question using the information I ave presented. 

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