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Exam 1 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:ENTO 2010 - Insects and the Environment
Subject:Entomology
University:University of Georgia
Term:Spring 2012
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Odonata Dragonfly, damselfly
- chewing mouthparts
- no cerci
- incomplete metamorphsis

ephemeroptera mayfly
- vestigial mouthparts
- live in aquatic environments
- feed on plants/debris
- emerge synchronously
- incomplete metamorphosis
plecoptera stonefly
- incomplete metamorphosis
- long filamentous antennae
blattaria cockroaches
- incomplete metamorphosis
- many generations per year
- long and slender antennae
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Orthoptera crickets, grasshoppers, katydids
- incomplete meta.
- chewing mouthparts
- males sound producing
Mantodea mantid
- incomplete meta.
- grasping forelegs
isoptera termites
- soft bodied
- chewing mouthparts
- reproductives with four similar wings
dermaptera earwig
- incomplete metamorphosis
- chewing mouthparts
- prominent cerci
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phasmatoda stick insects or stick bugs
- incomplete metamorphosis
- chewing mouthparts
- long and slender legs not adapted for jumping, grasping, digging
phthiraptera lice
- permanent exoparasites
- incomplete metamorphosis
- chewing or sucking mouthparts
 -
hemiptera bugs
- piercing/sucking mouthparts
- incomplete metamorphosis
- forewing with basal half thickened- leather like
Family Reduviidae the kissing bug known to carry chagas disease
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Chagas disease Caused by Trypanosoma, released in feces
Affects 18 to 20 million people
In C. and S. America
Causes itching
Chronic heart, digestive system problems
Family Cimicidae bed bugs
- flat/oval
- wings vestigial
- feed on blood at night
Family pentatomidae stink bugs
- large triangular scutellum
- five segmented antennae
Family Gerridae water striders
- skate on top of water by elongating middle and hind legs
- ripple readers
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Thysanoptera Thirps
Transmit plant viruses
Coleoptera Beetles
Most species of any animal
Carabidae Ground beetles
- often found under rocks, leaf litter, etc
Family Cincindellidae tiger beetle

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Family Dytiscidae Predaceous diving beetles
- carry air bubble beneath eletrya
- larva have suctorial mouthparts
Family Gyrinidae whirligig beetles
- four compound eyes
- antennae enable them to avoid crashing
Family Circulionidae Weevils
Family Chrysomelidae leaf beetles
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Family Cerambycidae long horned beetles
- larva typically hidden in wood
Family Scarabaeidae Scarabs
Family Lampyridae Lightning bugs, fireflies
Strepsiptera Order that is endoparasitic on Thynasura, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera, diptera, hymenoptera
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Mecoptera Scorpion fly
Diptera Flies
Diptera: Family Culicidae mosquitoes
Family Syrphidae Hoverflies, flowerflies
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Family Muscidae Houseflies
Family Siphonaptera fleas
Lepidoptera butterflies, moths
Trichoptera caddisflies
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Hymenoptera Ants, bees, wasps
Family Formicidae Ants
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 OdonataDragonfly, damselfly
- chewing mouthparts
- no cerci
- incomplete metamorphsis

 ephemeropteramayfly
- vestigial mouthparts
- live in aquatic environments
- feed on plants/debris
- emerge synchronously
- incomplete metamorphosis
 plecopterastonefly
- incomplete metamorphosis
- long filamentous antennae
 blattariacockroaches
- incomplete metamorphosis
- many generations per year
- long and slender antennae
 Orthopteracrickets, grasshoppers, katydids
- incomplete meta.
- chewing mouthparts
- males sound producing
 Mantodeamantid
- incomplete meta.
- grasping forelegs
 isopteratermites
- soft bodied
- chewing mouthparts
- reproductives with four similar wings
 dermapteraearwig
- incomplete metamorphosis
- chewing mouthparts
- prominent cerci
 phasmatodastick insects or stick bugs
- incomplete metamorphosis
- chewing mouthparts
- long and slender legs not adapted for jumping, grasping, digging
 phthirapteralice
- permanent exoparasites
- incomplete metamorphosis
- chewing or sucking mouthparts
 -
 hemipterabugs
- piercing/sucking mouthparts
- incomplete metamorphosis
- forewing with basal half thickened- leather like
 Family Reduviidaethe kissing bug known to carry chagas disease
 Chagas diseaseCaused by Trypanosoma, released in feces
Affects 18 to 20 million people
In C. and S. America
Causes itching
Chronic heart, digestive system problems
 Family Cimicidaebed bugs
- flat/oval
- wings vestigial
- feed on blood at night
 Family pentatomidaestink bugs
- large triangular scutellum
- five segmented antennae
 Family Gerridaewater striders
- skate on top of water by elongating middle and hind legs
- ripple readers
 ThysanopteraThirps
Transmit plant viruses
 ColeopteraBeetles
Most species of any animal
 CarabidaeGround beetles
- often found under rocks, leaf litter, etc
 Family Cincindellidaetiger beetle

 Family DytiscidaePredaceous diving beetles
- carry air bubble beneath eletrya
- larva have suctorial mouthparts
 Family Gyrinidaewhirligig beetles
- four compound eyes
- antennae enable them to avoid crashing
 Family CirculionidaeWeevils
 Family Chrysomelidaeleaf beetles
 Family Cerambycidaelong horned beetles
- larva typically hidden in wood
 Family ScarabaeidaeScarabs
 Family LampyridaeLightning bugs, fireflies
 StrepsipteraOrder that is endoparasitic on Thynasura, Orthoptera, Hemiptera, Homoptera, diptera, hymenoptera
 MecopteraScorpion fly
 DipteraFlies
 Diptera: Family Culicidaemosquitoes
 Family SyrphidaeHoverflies, flowerflies
 Family MuscidaeHouseflies
 Family Siphonapterafleas
 Lepidopterabutterflies, moths
 Trichopteracaddisflies
 HymenopteraAnts, bees, wasps
 Family FormicidaeAnts
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