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Exam 1 Study Guide - Flashcards

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Class:ENTO 2010 - Insects and the Environment
Subject:Entomology
University:University of Georgia
Term:Fall 2012
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Which phylum do mayflies belong? Arthropoda
Which biologist wrote the Foreward to the book Animal Machines and died of breast cancer in 1964? Rachel Carson
Anthrax is a... Bacterium
Which type of metamorphosis do more insects species have? Complete metamorphosis
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If a female parasitoid wasp lays an unfertilized egg in a caterpillar, what gender will the insect be? Male
How many pairs of legs per body segment do millipedes have? Two pair of legs per body segment
List the four types of insect pheromone Sex, alarm, aggregation, and trail
Who developed the Theory of Island Biogeography? E.O. Wilson
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Who wrote the book "Our Stolen Future"? Theo Colborn
Who was a lawyer for the Environmental Defense Fund and was in charge of the hearings that ultimately leg to the banning of DDT? Victor Yannacone
Who proposed that less than 0.1% of applied pesticide reaches the target pest? David Pimentel
Who described the relationship between the Acacia tree and Acacia ants? Dan Janzen
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What is the name of the insect order for which the translation is "Short-lived" "wings"? Ephemeroptera
Which insect produces quinones? Bombardier Beetles
True or False: A bird can learn to avoid an aposematic moth True
How many species of plants and animals have been scientifically described? 1.82 million
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How many species of insects have been scientifically described? 1 million
What year was Silent Spring published? 1962
To what class do centipedes belong? Chilopoda
Who is the scientist who is responsible for our system of binomial nomenclature? Linneus
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List the four castes of a termite colony Worker
Soldier
King
Queen
What is an insect whose larvae consume their host called? Parasatoid
The EPA was formed before or after DDT was banned in the US? Before
What sex are the moths that are caught by the Bolas spiders? Male
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Insect blood is called ____. Hemolymph
Dragonflies and damselflies have what type of mouthparts? Biting
True or false: Damselflies hold their wings out to the side at rest False
To which genus does the mayfly, Ephemera danica, belong? Ephemera
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The mistletoe bird carefully defecates on: Eucalyptus branches
In order to make an insect virus kill a pest insect more quickly, what has to have occurred? A gene for a toxin from a mite was put into the DNA of an insect virus
What is the name of the order of insects that have a symbiotic relationship with either fungi or protozoa in order to break down the cellulose in wood? Isoptera
T or F: Very few of the crop plants grown in this country are native to the US True
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In WWII, what was DDT used first to kill? Lice
B.t. toxin acts by destroying the: Stomach of the insect that eats it
In 1970 there was a fungal blight in the US that caused $5 bil damage to: Corn
Insects can oxidize sugar to produce CO2, energy, and: Water
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Terry Erwin examined: Beetles
What is the drug that when given to pregnant women caused their babies to have terrible birth defects? Thalidomide
List the developmental stages of an insect with incomplete metamorphosis Egg - nymph - adult
Relationship between two species that benefits both parties is_________. Mutualism
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T or F: All adult termites have wings False
What is the name of the aminosugar polymer that is the main component of insect cuticle? Chitin
What year was Charles Darwin born? 1809
What is the most important insect vectored disease in the world? Malaria
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T or F: Nymph mayflies breathe with gills True
What do Nymph mayflies feed on? Plants
How long to nymph mayflies live? One to three years
True or False: When keying insects to order and family, one usually uses insect eggs False
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True or False: Emerging mayfly adult is vulnerable True
True or False: Fishermen match the Mayflies "hatch" True
What type of mouthparts do water measurers have? Piercing/sucking mouthparts
Termites keep fungus gardens to: Break down cellulose
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What pheromone is present in some ink pens? Trail pheromones
What other insect are termites most closely related to? Cockroaches
What order do termites belong to? Isoptera
Which order means equal wings? Isoptera
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Who was Silent Spring dedicated to? Albert Schweitzer
Who wrote Silent Spring? Rachel Carson
How many insect species are estimated to be on Earth? 10-30 million
How did Terry Erwin find the insects that he studied?
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How does a Bolas spider catch its prey? It emits the smell of the female moth's sex pheromone which attracts the male moth, and the male flies into the spider's web
What does aposematic mean? Bright coloration that warns potential predators of chemical defense
What is GC/MS used for? To identify insect chemicals
What is a pheromone? A chemical that affects another animal of the SAME SPECIES
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Which type of insects have wings that fold? Advanced insects
Which type of insects have wings that do not fold? Primitive insects
True or false: Insects and humans have different types of digestive enzymes False
What is the main component of insect cuticle? Chitin
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What is insect blood called? Hemolymph
What is parthenogenesis? Reproduction without mating
What are the stages of complete metamorphosis? Egg-Larva-Pupa-Adult
What is diapause? A period of arrested development
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What is a jointed appendage on a head used for? Feeding
What is a jointed appendage on a thorax used for? Locomotion
What is a jointed appendage on an abdomen used for? Reproduction
How must B.t. be entered into an insect? Through consumption
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What is B.t.? A bacterium that attacks insects
If an adult parasatoid wasp lays a fertilized egg, what is the insect's gender? Female
What chemical was given to women that caused vaginal cancer? DES
When was DDT banned in the US? 1972
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What did Pimentel propose? That less than 0.1% of pesticide reaches the target pest.
Who led the ban on DDT? Victor Yannacone
Where is DDT trapped? Animal fat
What phylum are we dealing with? Arthropoda
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Insect cells are most similar to what other species? Human
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 Which phylum do mayflies belong?Arthropoda
 Which biologist wrote the Foreward to the book Animal Machines and died of breast cancer in 1964?Rachel Carson
 Anthrax is a...Bacterium
 Which type of metamorphosis do more insects species have?Complete metamorphosis
 If a female parasitoid wasp lays an unfertilized egg in a caterpillar, what gender will the insect be?Male
 How many pairs of legs per body segment do millipedes have?Two pair of legs per body segment
 List the four types of insect pheromoneSex, alarm, aggregation, and trail
 Who developed the Theory of Island Biogeography?E.O. Wilson
 Who wrote the book "Our Stolen Future"?Theo Colborn
 Who was a lawyer for the Environmental Defense Fund and was in charge of the hearings that ultimately leg to the banning of DDT?Victor Yannacone
 Who proposed that less than 0.1% of applied pesticide reaches the target pest?David Pimentel
 Who described the relationship between the Acacia tree and Acacia ants?Dan Janzen
 What is the name of the insect order for which the translation is "Short-lived" "wings"?Ephemeroptera
 Which insect produces quinones?Bombardier Beetles
 True or False: A bird can learn to avoid an aposematic mothTrue
 How many species of plants and animals have been scientifically described?1.82 million
 How many species of insects have been scientifically described?1 million
 What year was Silent Spring published?1962
 To what class do centipedes belong?Chilopoda
 Who is the scientist who is responsible for our system of binomial nomenclature?Linneus
 List the four castes of a termite colonyWorker
Soldier
King
Queen
 What is an insect whose larvae consume their host called?Parasatoid
 The EPA was formed before or after DDT was banned in the US?Before
 What sex are the moths that are caught by the Bolas spiders?Male
 Insect blood is called ____.Hemolymph
 Dragonflies and damselflies have what type of mouthparts?Biting
 True or false: Damselflies hold their wings out to the side at restFalse
 To which genus does the mayfly, Ephemera danica, belong?Ephemera
 The mistletoe bird carefully defecates on:Eucalyptus branches
 In order to make an insect virus kill a pest insect more quickly, what has to have occurred?A gene for a toxin from a mite was put into the DNA of an insect virus
 What is the name of the order of insects that have a symbiotic relationship with either fungi or protozoa in order to break down the cellulose in wood?Isoptera
 T or F: Very few of the crop plants grown in this country are native to the USTrue
 In WWII, what was DDT used first to kill?Lice
 B.t. toxin acts by destroying the:Stomach of the insect that eats it
 In 1970 there was a fungal blight in the US that caused $5 bil damage to:Corn
 Insects can oxidize sugar to produce CO2, energy, and:Water
 Terry Erwin examined:Beetles
 What is the drug that when given to pregnant women caused their babies to have terrible birth defects?Thalidomide
 List the developmental stages of an insect with incomplete metamorphosisEgg - nymph - adult
 Relationship between two species that benefits both parties is_________.Mutualism
 T or F: All adult termites have wingsFalse
 What is the name of the aminosugar polymer that is the main component of insect cuticle?Chitin
 What year was Charles Darwin born?1809
 What is the most important insect vectored disease in the world?Malaria
 T or F: Nymph mayflies breathe with gillsTrue
 What do Nymph mayflies feed on?Plants
 How long to nymph mayflies live?One to three years
 True or False: When keying insects to order and family, one usually uses insect eggsFalse
 True or False: Emerging mayfly adult is vulnerableTrue
 True or False: Fishermen match the Mayflies "hatch"True
 What type of mouthparts do water measurers have?Piercing/sucking mouthparts
 Termites keep fungus gardens to:Break down cellulose
 What pheromone is present in some ink pens?Trail pheromones
 What other insect are termites most closely related to?Cockroaches
 What order do termites belong to?Isoptera
 Which order means equal wings?Isoptera
 Who was Silent Spring dedicated to?Albert Schweitzer
 Who wrote Silent Spring?Rachel Carson
 How many insect species are estimated to be on Earth?10-30 million
 How did Terry Erwin find the insects that he studied? 
 How does a Bolas spider catch its prey?It emits the smell of the female moth's sex pheromone which attracts the male moth, and the male flies into the spider's web
 What does aposematic mean?Bright coloration that warns potential predators of chemical defense
 What is GC/MS used for?To identify insect chemicals
 What is a pheromone?A chemical that affects another animal of the SAME SPECIES
 Which type of insects have wings that fold?Advanced insects
 Which type of insects have wings that do not fold?Primitive insects
 True or false: Insects and humans have different types of digestive enzymesFalse
 What is the main component of insect cuticle?Chitin
 What is insect blood called?Hemolymph
 What is parthenogenesis?Reproduction without mating
 What are the stages of complete metamorphosis?Egg-Larva-Pupa-Adult
 What is diapause?A period of arrested development
 What is a jointed appendage on a head used for?Feeding
 What is a jointed appendage on a thorax used for?Locomotion
 What is a jointed appendage on an abdomen used for?Reproduction
 How must B.t. be entered into an insect?Through consumption
 What is B.t.?A bacterium that attacks insects
 If an adult parasatoid wasp lays a fertilized egg, what is the insect's gender?Female
 What chemical was given to women that caused vaginal cancer?DES
 When was DDT banned in the US?1972
 What did Pimentel propose?That less than 0.1% of pesticide reaches the target pest.
 Who led the ban on DDT?Victor Yannacone
 Where is DDT trapped?Animal fat
 What phylum are we dealing with?Arthropoda
 Insect cells are most similar to what other species?Human
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