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exam 2 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:ENTO 2010 - Insects and the Environment
Subject:Entomology
University:University of Georgia
Term:Fall 2014
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Odonata Order to which dragonflies and damselflies belong
Differences between damsels and dragons 1. damsels are smaller
2. damsels hold wings straight back, not to the side
3. damsels lay eggs underwater
Blattodea Insect order (cockroaches and termites)
Ootheca Egg case used by roaches & mantids

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Orthoptera Grasshoppers/locusts
Gryllus Genus of field cricket 
Coleoptera Beetles (largest group)
Luciferin chemical fireflies use to create light

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Fireflies Belong to order coleoptera/each species has unique flash pattern.
What country imported dung beetles? Australia 
Cantharidin chemical compound secreted by blister beetle (Spanish Fly)
Whirligig Beetle with divided eyes 
carries bubble to breathe underwater
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Ephemeroptera Mayflies
Hemiptera "true bugs"
Bugs, aphids, cicadas

Chagas Disease vector: kissing/assasin bug
disease: protozoan called trypanosoma cruzi
kills 1 million a year
reservoir host: opossum, armadillo

Xenodiagnosis use of healthy live vector to diagnose disease 
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Aphids Produce "honeydew"
major pests
give live birth
"beak" mouth swings down

Mantodea Preying matis
lay eggs in ootheca 
use cryptic coloration
Phasmida Order to which walking sticks belong
Phasma - apparition
feign death when threatened.

Batesian Mimicry When an edible organism pretends to be venomous
Edible  - mimic
venomous - model
 
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Mullerian Mimicry Mllerian mimicry is a natural phenomenon in which two or more poisonous or venemous species, that may or may not be closely related and share one or more common predators, have come to mimic each other's warning signals.
Crypsis Pretty much camouflage 
Sicke cell anemia if they have one copy of gene, makes person less vulnerable to malaria 
Stridulation Stridulation is the act of producing sound by rubbing together certain body parts. This behavior is mostly associated with insects, but other animals are known to do this as well, such as a number of species of fish, snakes and spiders.

CRICKETS
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Monarch Butterflies winter where? Mexico
Genus name of agent that causes malaria? Plasmodium
Insect order with muscles attached to wings Odonata 
Aphids have what type of meta? Incomplete
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Insects that produce luciferin belong to what order? Coleoptera
Ronald Ross Discovered vector of malaria
Anopheles Genus of mosquitos
Malaria Kills 2 million people a year
mosquito borne
plasmodium
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Yellow Fever caused by virus
Genus name of disease that causes malaria plasmodium
Chagas disease vectored by kissing aka assasin bug
Lepidoptera Moths and butterflies
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Cardenolides used by monarch butterflies
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 OdonataOrder to which dragonflies and damselflies belong
 Differences between damsels and dragons1. damsels are smaller
2. damsels hold wings straight back, not to the side
3. damsels lay eggs underwater
 BlattodeaInsect order (cockroaches and termites)
 OothecaEgg case used by roaches & mantids

 OrthopteraGrasshoppers/locusts
 GryllusGenus of field cricket 
 ColeopteraBeetles (largest group)
 Luciferinchemical fireflies use to create light

 FirefliesBelong to order coleoptera/each species has unique flash pattern.
 What country imported dung beetles?Australia 
 Cantharidinchemical compound secreted by blister beetle (Spanish Fly)
 WhirligigBeetle with divided eyes 
carries bubble to breathe underwater
 EphemeropteraMayflies
 Hemiptera"true bugs"
Bugs, aphids, cicadas

 Chagas Diseasevector: kissing/assasin bug
disease: protozoan called trypanosoma cruzi
kills 1 million a year
reservoir host: opossum, armadillo

 Xenodiagnosisuse of healthy live vector to diagnose disease 
 AphidsProduce "honeydew"
major pests
give live birth
"beak" mouth swings down

 MantodeaPreying matis
lay eggs in ootheca 
use cryptic coloration
 PhasmidaOrder to which walking sticks belong
Phasma - apparition
feign death when threatened.

 Batesian MimicryWhen an edible organism pretends to be venomous
Edible  - mimic
venomous - model
 
 Mullerian MimicryMllerian mimicry is a natural phenomenon in which two or more poisonous or venemous species, that may or may not be closely related and share one or more common predators, have come to mimic each other's warning signals.
 CrypsisPretty much camouflage 
 Sicke cell anemiaif they have one copy of gene, makes person less vulnerable to malaria 
 StridulationStridulation is the act of producing sound by rubbing together certain body parts. This behavior is mostly associated with insects, but other animals are known to do this as well, such as a number of species of fish, snakes and spiders.

CRICKETS
 Monarch Butterflies winter where?Mexico
 Genus name of agent that causes malaria?Plasmodium
 Insect order with muscles attached to wingsOdonata 
 Aphids have what type of meta?Incomplete
 Insects that produce luciferin belong to what order?Coleoptera
 Ronald RossDiscovered vector of malaria
 AnophelesGenus of mosquitos
 MalariaKills 2 million people a year
mosquito borne
plasmodium
 Yellow Fevercaused by virus
 Genus name of disease that causes malariaplasmodium
 Chagas diseasevectored by kissing aka assasin bug
 LepidopteraMoths and butterflies
 Cardenolidesused by monarch butterflies
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