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final exam - Flashcards

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Class:ENTO 2010 - Insects and the Environment
Subject:Entomology
University:University of Georgia
Term:Spring 2012
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fire ants
  • originated in South America
  • first in U.S in Mobile, Alabama
  • attracted to electrical currents
  • biological control: peromones, parasitoid fly, nematodes
  • only reproductive males and females have wings
  • 4th stage instar larvae eat solids only
myrmecology study of ants
ants, bees, wasps recognize nest by cuticular hydrocarbons
weaver ant nests made of leaves bound together with silk from ant larvae
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leaf cutter ants
  • parasol ants
  • carry leaves to nest
azteca ants
  • protect cecropia (c) plants
  • c provides "sugar packets"
  • ants live in tree
2 hornets in GA
  • baldfaced hornet- exposed bag nest; black and white
  • European Hornet- hidden nest; yellow and black
paper wasp nest composition
  • paper: plant fiber
  • glue: wasp saliva
  • mate in fall on high towers
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wasp nest defense
  • chemical (fatty acid) on base of nest which repels ants
stinging social wasp
  • only females sting
  • stinger (end of abdomen)=modified ovipositor
lily

pollenated by flies

hammer orchid pollenated by wasp
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pollenation trasnfer of pollen from anthers (males) to stigma (females)
carpenter bees largest insect egg
solitary bee marks nest with chemical sent
Joe Lewis
  • USDA
  • Tifton, GA
  • parasitoid wasps

 

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sand wasps must remember nest location..SMART
mud dauber wasp puts live spiders in nest cells
velvet ant solitary wasp
*HYMENOPTERA
  • sawflies, wasps/hornets, bees, and ants
  • complete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • hymen- union of fore and hind wings
  • 2 pair of membranous wings that beat together as one
  • female selects sex of young (fertilized=female)
  • female produces venom
  • most beneficial order (pollenation)
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Randy Lewis
  • Univ. Wyoming
  • spiders
  • cloned spider silk gene
brown requse
  • "violin" on cephalothorax
  • venom causes skin necrosis
black widow
  • red hour glass on abdomen
stabilimentum
  • zig zag across strands in web
  • orb weaver
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Rocky Mt. Spotted Fever
  • vector= dog tick
  • disease agent=  bacterium- Rickettsia
Lyme Diseas
  • vector= deer tick
  • disease agent= bacterium
ticks and mites
  • subclass= Acari
  • 2 main body parts: cephalotrhorax and abdomen
ODONATA
  • dragonflies, damselflies
  • "tooth"
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • biting mouth parts
  • large eyes, small antennae
  • damselflies lay eggs under water, dragonflies water surface
  • muscles attached to wings
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BLATTODERA
  • cockroach
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • lay eggs in case: ootheca
ORTHOPTERA
  •  grasshoppers, crickets, locusts
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • major ag. pests
  • males produce sounds
HEMIPTERA
  •  bugs, aphids, scales, cicadas
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • piercing and sucking mouthparts
  • scale insects
Chagas Disease
  • vector= assassin bug
  • disease: Trypanasoma Cruzi -protozoan
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COLEOPTERA
  • beetles and wevils
  • "sheath" "wings"
  • complete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • largest insect order
  • produce luciferin
LEPIDOPTERA
  • moths and butterflies
  • "scale" "wings"
  • complete metamorphosis
  • siphoning mouthparts
  • larvae have no wings
  • most variation in color
MANTODEA
  • mantis and mantids
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • eggs in ootheca
PHASMIDA
  • walking sticks and stick bugs
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
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DIPTERA
  • flies and mosquitos
  • complete metamorphosis
  • piercing/sucking (mosquitos) OR sponging mouthparts (flies)
  • most harmful to humans
African Sleeping Sickness

vector: tsetse fly

  • lays 8 eggs in lifetime
  • larvae develop inside and mature larvae are born

 

Bubonic Plague vector: fleas
Elephantiasis
  • vector: mosquitoes
  • disease: roundworm
  • SE ASIA
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River Blindness  vector: black flies
Yellow Fever

vector: mosquito (Aedes=genus name of vector)

disease agent: virus

 

Malaria
  • vector: mosquito (diptera)
  • disease agent genus name: Plasmodium
  • most human deaths each year
SIPHONAPTERA
  • fleas
  • "tube" "wingless"
  • complete metamorphosis
  • piercing/sucking mouthparts
  •  "tube" and "WINGLESS"
  • are able to adjust their reproductive cycle to match their host
  • produce resilin
Generated by Koofers.com
Miriam Rothschild fleas
DDT
  • insecticide containing chlorine
  • banned 1972
  • Paul Muller discovered usefulnessb
altruism self destructive behavior performed for the benefit of others
EPA 1970
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tropallaxis exchange of liquid between a member of the colony
Batesian Mimicry

resemblance of an edible species to an unpalatable species to decieve predators

  • ex. Viceroy (mimic) and Monarch (model) butterfly

 

crypsis resmemblance of an organism to its background
chitin polymer made of amino acids
Generated by Koofers.com
Ronald Ross mosquitos
mayfly nymphs live 1-3 years
complete metamorphosis egg-larvae-pupa-adult
incomplete metamorphosis egg-nymph-adult
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antotomy the ability to loose a leg or a body to escape predation
male honey bees
  • mate once
Carolus Linnaeus scientist responsible for binomial nomenclature
blowflies insect most important to forensic entomologists trying to solve a murder case
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cuticular hydrocarbons paper wasps use a king of chemical to recognize thier mates
antennae most insects have one pair
formicidae family of fire ants
Mullerian Mimicry both species are harmful but not closely related evolve to resemble each other to warn off more common predators
Generated by Koofers.com
Rachel Carson
  • silent spring
  • died in 1964
most species  COLEOPTERA- beetles and weevils
most colors LEPIDOPTERA- moths and butterflies
largest colonies

TERMITES

 

Generated by Koofers.com
most beneficial HYMENOPTERA-sawflies, wasps/hornets, bees, and ants
most harmful DIPTERA -mosquitos and flies
spermatheca located in abdomen of queen fire ants
ethnoentomology current impact of insects
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unfertilized egg male
aphids incomplete metamorphosis
ISOPTERA
  • termites
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • only reproductive termites have wings
EPHEMEROPTERA
  • mayflies
  • incomplete metamorphosis
Generated by Koofers.com
parastoid

insect whose larvae cconsume their host

B.t. toxin destroys the stomach of the insect that eats it
anthrax bacterium
diapause period of arrested development
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appendages on thorax

locomotion

 

appendages on abdomen reproduction
metamorphosis complete > incomplete
hemolymph insect blood
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most insects excrete this as waste? uric acid
Beltian bodies eaten by Acacia ants
mutualism benefits both species
4 castes of a termite colony
  • soldier
  • worker
  • king
  • queen
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blueberry bee collects pollen by buzzing
bees carry the most pollen when?

they have hair on their legs

 

orders that use an ootheca

blattodeca

mantodea

thalidomide taken to fight morning sickness will prego
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 fire ants
  • originated in South America
  • first in U.S in Mobile, Alabama
  • attracted to electrical currents
  • biological control: peromones, parasitoid fly, nematodes
  • only reproductive males and females have wings
  • 4th stage instar larvae eat solids only
 myrmecologystudy of ants
 ants, bees, waspsrecognize nest by cuticular hydrocarbons
 weaver ant nestsmade of leaves bound together with silk from ant larvae
 leaf cutter ants
  • parasol ants
  • carry leaves to nest
 azteca ants
  • protect cecropia (c) plants
  • c provides "sugar packets"
  • ants live in tree
 2 hornets in GA
  • baldfaced hornet- exposed bag nest; black and white
  • European Hornet- hidden nest; yellow and black
 paper wasp nest composition
  • paper: plant fiber
  • glue: wasp saliva
  • mate in fall on high towers
 wasp nest defense
  • chemical (fatty acid) on base of nest which repels ants
 stinging social wasp
  • only females sting
  • stinger (end of abdomen)=modified ovipositor
 lily

pollenated by flies

 hammer orchidpollenated by wasp
 pollenationtrasnfer of pollen from anthers (males) to stigma (females)
 carpenter beeslargest insect egg
 solitary beemarks nest with chemical sent
 Joe Lewis
  • USDA
  • Tifton, GA
  • parasitoid wasps

 

 sand waspsmust remember nest location..SMART
 mud dauber waspputs live spiders in nest cells
 velvet antsolitary wasp
 *HYMENOPTERA
  • sawflies, wasps/hornets, bees, and ants
  • complete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • hymen- union of fore and hind wings
  • 2 pair of membranous wings that beat together as one
  • female selects sex of young (fertilized=female)
  • female produces venom
  • most beneficial order (pollenation)
 Randy Lewis
  • Univ. Wyoming
  • spiders
  • cloned spider silk gene
 brown requse
  • "violin" on cephalothorax
  • venom causes skin necrosis
 black widow
  • red hour glass on abdomen
 stabilimentum
  • zig zag across strands in web
  • orb weaver
 Rocky Mt. Spotted Fever
  • vector= dog tick
  • disease agent=  bacterium- Rickettsia
 Lyme Diseas
  • vector= deer tick
  • disease agent= bacterium
 ticks and mites
  • subclass= Acari
  • 2 main body parts: cephalotrhorax and abdomen
 ODONATA
  • dragonflies, damselflies
  • "tooth"
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • biting mouth parts
  • large eyes, small antennae
  • damselflies lay eggs under water, dragonflies water surface
  • muscles attached to wings
 BLATTODERA
  • cockroach
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • lay eggs in case: ootheca
 ORTHOPTERA
  •  grasshoppers, crickets, locusts
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • major ag. pests
  • males produce sounds
 HEMIPTERA
  •  bugs, aphids, scales, cicadas
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • piercing and sucking mouthparts
  • scale insects
 Chagas Disease
  • vector= assassin bug
  • disease: Trypanasoma Cruzi -protozoan
 COLEOPTERA
  • beetles and wevils
  • "sheath" "wings"
  • complete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • largest insect order
  • produce luciferin
 LEPIDOPTERA
  • moths and butterflies
  • "scale" "wings"
  • complete metamorphosis
  • siphoning mouthparts
  • larvae have no wings
  • most variation in color
 MANTODEA
  • mantis and mantids
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • eggs in ootheca
 PHASMIDA
  • walking sticks and stick bugs
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
 DIPTERA
  • flies and mosquitos
  • complete metamorphosis
  • piercing/sucking (mosquitos) OR sponging mouthparts (flies)
  • most harmful to humans
 African Sleeping Sickness

vector: tsetse fly

  • lays 8 eggs in lifetime
  • larvae develop inside and mature larvae are born

 

 Bubonic Plaguevector: fleas
 Elephantiasis
  • vector: mosquitoes
  • disease: roundworm
  • SE ASIA
 River Blindness vector: black flies
 Yellow Fever

vector: mosquito (Aedes=genus name of vector)

disease agent: virus

 

 Malaria
  • vector: mosquito (diptera)
  • disease agent genus name: Plasmodium
  • most human deaths each year
 SIPHONAPTERA
  • fleas
  • "tube" "wingless"
  • complete metamorphosis
  • piercing/sucking mouthparts
  •  "tube" and "WINGLESS"
  • are able to adjust their reproductive cycle to match their host
  • produce resilin
 Miriam Rothschildfleas
 DDT
  • insecticide containing chlorine
  • banned 1972
  • Paul Muller discovered usefulnessb
 altruismself destructive behavior performed for the benefit of others
 EPA1970
 tropallaxisexchange of liquid between a member of the colony
 Batesian Mimicry

resemblance of an edible species to an unpalatable species to decieve predators

  • ex. Viceroy (mimic) and Monarch (model) butterfly

 

 crypsisresmemblance of an organism to its background
 chitinpolymer made of amino acids
 Ronald Rossmosquitos
 mayfly nymphslive 1-3 years
 complete metamorphosisegg-larvae-pupa-adult
 incomplete metamorphosisegg-nymph-adult
 antotomythe ability to loose a leg or a body to escape predation
 male honey bees
  • mate once
 Carolus Linnaeusscientist responsible for binomial nomenclature
 blowfliesinsect most important to forensic entomologists trying to solve a murder case
 cuticular hydrocarbonspaper wasps use a king of chemical to recognize thier mates
 antennaemost insects have one pair
 formicidaefamily of fire ants
 Mullerian Mimicryboth species are harmful but not closely related evolve to resemble each other to warn off more common predators
 Rachel Carson
  • silent spring
  • died in 1964
 most species COLEOPTERA- beetles and weevils
 most colorsLEPIDOPTERA- moths and butterflies
 largest colonies

TERMITES

 

 most beneficialHYMENOPTERA-sawflies, wasps/hornets, bees, and ants
 most harmfulDIPTERA -mosquitos and flies
 spermathecalocated in abdomen of queen fire ants
 ethnoentomologycurrent impact of insects
 unfertilized eggmale
 aphidsincomplete metamorphosis
 ISOPTERA
  • termites
  • incomplete metamorphosis
  • chewing mouthparts
  • only reproductive termites have wings
 EPHEMEROPTERA
  • mayflies
  • incomplete metamorphosis
 parastoid

insect whose larvae cconsume their host

 B.t. toxin destroysthe stomach of the insect that eats it
 anthraxbacterium
 diapauseperiod of arrested development
 appendages on thorax

locomotion

 

 appendages on abdomenreproduction
 metamorphosiscomplete > incomplete
 hemolymphinsect blood
 most insects excrete this as waste?uric acid
 Beltian bodieseaten by Acacia ants
 mutualismbenefits both species
 4 castes of a termite colony
  • soldier
  • worker
  • king
  • queen
 blueberry beecollects pollen by buzzing
 bees carry the most pollen when?

they have hair on their legs

 

 orders that use an ootheca

blattodeca

mantodea

 thalidomidetaken to fight morning sickness will prego
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