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Final Exam-Not including Orders - Flashcards

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Class:ENTO 2010 - Insects and the Environment
Subject:Entomology
University:University of Georgia
Term:Spring 2011
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      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
Characteristics of Arthropods Exoskeleton-Must Molt
Segmented
Jointed Appendages
Ventral Nerve Chord
Bilateral Nervous System
Open Circulatory System
Sexual Reproduction (may be lost)
How many times do immature insects molt? Adults? Immature 3-6
Adults NONE
Reason Insects are Successful Adaptable Exoskeleton
Small Size
Short Generation Time
Flight
Metamorphosis
Early Dry-land Colonizers
Which Animal is the Most Dangerous? Mosquitos
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What are Insects Good for? Pollination
Recycling
Eat other pests
Food and other products
What percent of all animals are insects? 75%
What percent of all described species (including plants) are insects? 50%
How do you know it's an insect? 3 Body Regions
3 Pairs of Legs
Compound Eyes
One Pair of Antennae
Trachea
Usually have Wings
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What does ecdysone control? Molting
What do larvae fleas feed on? Adult feces
How long can flea larvae wait for host to return? Months
Where are Lepidoptera larvae's true legs located? Six true legs attached to the thorax
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Where are the Lepidoptera larvae's prolegs attached? Abdomen
What Insect is often found in cases in water? Caddisfly
What order is closely related to Lepidoptera? Trichoptera
What kind of mouthparts do Hymenoptera have? Primarily Chewing
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What is an ovipositor? A female organ sometimes modified into a stinger (on hymenoptera)
Heymenoptera ______ wings tend to be smaller Hind
Are hymenoptera hapliod, dipoloid, or haploid/diploid? haploid/diploid
Swarming of ants depends on _______ Humidity/Warmth
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How do insects cope with allelochemicals? Sequestration- hold chemicals in special tissues where they cannot interfere with metabolism
Internal detoxification system
Water based excretory system
Mixed function oxidases
How many plant families do most insect species feed within? A single plant family
Plants release volatile organic compounds when _____ They are being attacked
Chemicals given off by plants may ______ and/or _______ repel pests
attract predators/parasitoids
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________ is when a disease agent comes in contact with insect and is carried along Mechanical
_______ is when a pathogen spends part of its life cycle in the insect Circulatory
___________ plants show symptoms as a consequence of toxins injected by insects Phytotoxemia
______ and ______ are the insect orders most important in vectoring disease in plants Hemiptera and Thysanoptera
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What insects are the most important vectors of disease in animals? Flies(most important), Fleas, Lice
What are some diseases carried by flies? malaria, yellow fever, river blindness,sleeping sickness, encephalitis
What disease do lice carry? typhus, trench fever, relapsing fever
What disease do fleas carry? Plague
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Why do some plants eat insects and where would you except to find them? Nutrition
Poor Soils
How many times have carnivorous plants evolved? At least six
Where do Venus Fly Traps digest insects? within the leaves
How many species of Bladderwort are there? More than 200
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What do Bladderworts eat and where are they found? Arthropods, tadpoles, fish

Most found free floating in water, some are terrestrial (wet soil)
How do Bladderworts capture prey? With changing water pressures
Where does separation occur at molting? Ecdysis
Much of integument is _____ Chitin
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Layre of Integument Epicuticle
Exocuticle
Endocuticle
Epidermis
__________ provides hardening, muscle attachment, and protects from injury Sclerotin
______ is elastic that can store energy. Resllin
_____is a sugar polymer that provides toughness and flexibility. Chitin
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______ allows water retention Wax
_______ keeps wax layer intact Cement
_______ is the period between molts Instars
When do insects distend? With air or water and after leaving old skin
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What are the three sections of insect digestion/excretion Stomodeum
Mesenteron
Proctodeum
______ controls ingestion and digestion Stomodeum
_______ is not lined with chitin and designed to absorb Mesenteron
______ is lined with chitin and removes waste, regulates water, and urea salts Proctodeum
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What allows fluid feeders to obtain more nutrients? Filter Chamber
Aquatic insects secrete ______ waste ammonia
________ insects excrete solid uric acid. Terrestrial
Insect respiration relies heavily on __________ Diffusion
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Gases enter through openings on the cuticle called ______ spiracles
How many spiracles can an insect have? up to 10 pairs
What is insect blood called? hemolymph
Insect circulatory system does not transport ______ O2
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To be considered organic... product must have < 95% organic ingredients
no excluded methods, sewage, sludge, or ionizing radiation
Do earworms eat a variety of plants or specialize on a few plants? Variety of plants
What differetiates Skippers from other lepidopteras? Stouter body
Hooked Antennae
How many mosquito species are there worldwide? 2500
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Where are the wings of Diptera located? Thorax
Where are long-horned beetle larvae usually found? In wood
What insect is gregarious? Whirligig Beetle
2 characteristic of antlions larvae make pits in sand
adults are nocturnal
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Where would you find Lacewing eggs? On stalks
Adelgidae are ____% female and _____% male 100
0
Where would you fine tracheal mites? in bee's trachea
______ suck the blood out of bees Varroa mites
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Arachnids have ____, _____, and ______ Pedipalps
Absent Antennae
Chelicerate mouthparts
Crustacean are characterized by 5 things, what are they? Aquatic
Gills
5 pairs of legs or more
2 pairs of antennae
Fused head and thorax (cephalothorax)
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 Characteristics of ArthropodsExoskeleton-Must Molt
Segmented
Jointed Appendages
Ventral Nerve Chord
Bilateral Nervous System
Open Circulatory System
Sexual Reproduction (may be lost)
 How many times do immature insects molt? Adults?Immature 3-6
Adults NONE
 Reason Insects are SuccessfulAdaptable Exoskeleton
Small Size
Short Generation Time
Flight
Metamorphosis
Early Dry-land Colonizers
 Which Animal is the Most Dangerous?Mosquitos
 What are Insects Good for?Pollination
Recycling
Eat other pests
Food and other products
 What percent of all animals are insects?75%
 What percent of all described species (including plants) are insects?50%
 How do you know it's an insect?3 Body Regions
3 Pairs of Legs
Compound Eyes
One Pair of Antennae
Trachea
Usually have Wings
 What does ecdysone control?Molting
 What do larvae fleas feed on?Adult feces
 How long can flea larvae wait for host to return?Months
 Where are Lepidoptera larvae's true legs located?Six true legs attached to the thorax
 Where are the Lepidoptera larvae's prolegs attached?Abdomen
 What Insect is often found in cases in water?Caddisfly
 What order is closely related to Lepidoptera?Trichoptera
 What kind of mouthparts do Hymenoptera have?Primarily Chewing
 What is an ovipositor?A female organ sometimes modified into a stinger (on hymenoptera)
 Heymenoptera ______ wings tend to be smallerHind
 Are hymenoptera hapliod, dipoloid, or haploid/diploid?haploid/diploid
 Swarming of ants depends on _______Humidity/Warmth
 How do insects cope with allelochemicals?Sequestration- hold chemicals in special tissues where they cannot interfere with metabolism
Internal detoxification system
Water based excretory system
Mixed function oxidases
 How many plant families do most insect species feed within?A single plant family
 Plants release volatile organic compounds when _____They are being attacked
 Chemicals given off by plants may ______ and/or _______repel pests
attract predators/parasitoids
 ________ is when a disease agent comes in contact with insect and is carried alongMechanical
 _______ is when a pathogen spends part of its life cycle in the insectCirculatory
 ___________ plants show symptoms as a consequence of toxins injected by insectsPhytotoxemia
 ______ and ______ are the insect orders most important in vectoring disease in plantsHemiptera and Thysanoptera
 What insects are the most important vectors of disease in animals?Flies(most important), Fleas, Lice
 What are some diseases carried by flies?malaria, yellow fever, river blindness,sleeping sickness, encephalitis
 What disease do lice carry?typhus, trench fever, relapsing fever
 What disease do fleas carry?Plague
 Why do some plants eat insects and where would you except to find them?Nutrition
Poor Soils
 How many times have carnivorous plants evolved?At least six
 Where do Venus Fly Traps digest insects?within the leaves
 How many species of Bladderwort are there?More than 200
 What do Bladderworts eat and where are they found?Arthropods, tadpoles, fish

Most found free floating in water, some are terrestrial (wet soil)
 How do Bladderworts capture prey?With changing water pressures
 Where does separation occur at molting?Ecdysis
 Much of integument is _____Chitin
 Layre of IntegumentEpicuticle
Exocuticle
Endocuticle
Epidermis
 __________ provides hardening, muscle attachment, and protects from injurySclerotin
 ______ is elastic that can store energy.Resllin
 _____is a sugar polymer that provides toughness and flexibility.Chitin
 ______ allows water retentionWax
 _______ keeps wax layer intactCement
 _______ is the period between moltsInstars
 When do insects distend?With air or water and after leaving old skin
 What are the three sections of insect digestion/excretionStomodeum
Mesenteron
Proctodeum
 ______ controls ingestion and digestionStomodeum
 _______ is not lined with chitin and designed to absorbMesenteron
 ______ is lined with chitin and removes waste, regulates water, and urea saltsProctodeum
 What allows fluid feeders to obtain more nutrients?Filter Chamber
 Aquatic insects secrete ______ wasteammonia
 ________ insects excrete solid uric acid.Terrestrial
 Insect respiration relies heavily on __________Diffusion
 Gases enter through openings on the cuticle called ______spiracles
 How many spiracles can an insect have?up to 10 pairs
 What is insect blood called?hemolymph
 Insect circulatory system does not transport ______O2
 To be considered organic...product must have < 95% organic ingredients
no excluded methods, sewage, sludge, or ionizing radiation
 Do earworms eat a variety of plants or specialize on a few plants?Variety of plants
 What differetiates Skippers from other lepidopteras?Stouter body
Hooked Antennae
 How many mosquito species are there worldwide?2500
 Where are the wings of Diptera located?Thorax
 Where are long-horned beetle larvae usually found?In wood
 What insect is gregarious?Whirligig Beetle
 2 characteristic of antlionslarvae make pits in sand
adults are nocturnal
 Where would you find Lacewing eggs?On stalks
 Adelgidae are ____% female and _____% male100
0
 Where would you fine tracheal mites?in bee's trachea
 ______ suck the blood out of beesVarroa mites
 Arachnids have ____, _____, and ______Pedipalps
Absent Antennae
Chelicerate mouthparts
 Crustacean are characterized by 5 things, what are they?Aquatic
Gills
5 pairs of legs or more
2 pairs of antennae
Fused head and thorax (cephalothorax)
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