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Class:ENTO 2010 - Insects and the Environment
Subject:Entomology
University:University of Georgia
Term:Fall 2012
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Phylum Arthropoda
  • exoskeleton made of chitin
  • body made of segments
  • jointed appendages
  • open circulatory system
  • bilateral symmetry
  • arthro- jointed
  • poda- foot
Class Chilopoda
  • Chilo-lip
  • poda-foot
  • Centipedes
  • one pair of legs per segments
  • eat small arthropods (produce venom)
  • live in soil and humus
Class Diplopoda
  • Diplo-two
  • poda-foot
  • Millipedes
  • two pairs of legs per body segment
  • feed on decaying matter
Class Crustacea
  • Crust- hard Shell like
  • lobsters crab shrimp
  • branched appendages
  • aquatic

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Class Arachnida
  • Spider
  • no antennae
  • two body segments
  • carnivorous
  • terrestrial
Class Insecta in-into
sect-sections
1,000,000 know (10-30 million total)
Head thorax abdomen
six legs
most adult have wings
two antennae
DDT Made with Chlorine
tested against Lice
Lice spread Typhus
Banned in 1972
causes reduced calcium in birds eggs

Othmar Zeidler Synthesized DDT in Germany
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Paul Muller Discovered DDT in 1938
Frank Mayo ATL Chemist
published in Germany

1942 DDT sent to US from Swiss

Rachel Carson Marine Biologists
1962- silent springs
1964- dies of breast cancer
wrote forward to animal machines
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David Pimental Cornell University
less than .1% of pesticides applied reached target
Victor Yannacone led ban of DDT1972
EPA
Theo Colburn Our Stolen future
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DES reduced miscarriages
promotes growth
developed vaginal cancer
Thalidomide causes birth defects
treats leprosy
silent springs chapter 17 the other road Robert frost
use biologcal control instead of chemical pestisides

Parasitoids Insect whose larvae consumes the host
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unfertilized egg male
Fertilized egg
B.t protien is not toxic to higher animals
not slow acting
Ex: Anthrax- Bacillus Bacterium 
Carolus Linnaeus Binomial nomenclature
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Musca Domestica house fly
Incomplete metamorphisis
Complete metamorphosis Egg
larva
pupa
adult
diapause period of arrested development

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Parthenogenisis
uric acid most insects excrete
Hemolymph
Chitin insect Suticle
amino sugar polymer
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Sex alarm adult aggregation
Gypsy moth female release sex phermone
male follows plume of pheromone upwind

Thomas Eisner department of entomology Cornell university
Bombardier Bettles Quinones
Special gland in abdomen

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Bolas Spider Only  eats male moths

Aposematic Bright coloration warns potential preditors
birds learn to avoid
spiders dont
Symbiosis Intimate relationship between two species involving co evolution
Mutual ism relationship between two species that benefits both artiest
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Coevolution Occurrence of genetically determined traits
Ants
E.O. Wilson The diversity of life 
Harvard University
theory of island bio geography
1.82 million Named species of plants and animals
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8 million number of bettles
1970 corn blight $5 billion damage
Ephemeroptera
Mayflies Incomplete metamorphosis
eggs laid in water
nymph live 1-3 years
adults have 2-3 tails, 2 pairs of wings, and die in 1-2 days after mating

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Piercing sucking mouthparts water measures
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 Phylum Arthropoda
  • exoskeleton made of chitin
  • body made of segments
  • jointed appendages
  • open circulatory system
  • bilateral symmetry
  • arthro- jointed
  • poda- foot
 Class Chilopoda
  • Chilo-lip
  • poda-foot
  • Centipedes
  • one pair of legs per segments
  • eat small arthropods (produce venom)
  • live in soil and humus
 Class Diplopoda
  • Diplo-two
  • poda-foot
  • Millipedes
  • two pairs of legs per body segment
  • feed on decaying matter
 Class Crustacea
  • Crust- hard Shell like
  • lobsters crab shrimp
  • branched appendages
  • aquatic

 Class Arachnida
  • Spider
  • no antennae
  • two body segments
  • carnivorous
  • terrestrial
 Class Insectain-into
sect-sections
1,000,000 know (10-30 million total)
Head thorax abdomen
six legs
most adult have wings
two antennae
 DDTMade with Chlorine
tested against Lice
Lice spread Typhus
Banned in 1972
causes reduced calcium in birds eggs

 Othmar ZeidlerSynthesized DDT in Germany
 Paul MullerDiscovered DDT in 1938
 Frank MayoATL Chemist
published in Germany

 1942DDT sent to US from Swiss

 Rachel CarsonMarine Biologists
1962- silent springs
1964- dies of breast cancer
wrote forward to animal machines
 David PimentalCornell University
less than .1% of pesticides applied reached target
 Victor Yannaconeled ban of DDT1972
 EPA 
 Theo ColburnOur Stolen future
 DESreduced miscarriages
promotes growth
developed vaginal cancer
 Thalidomidecauses birth defects
treats leprosy
 silent springs chapter 17the other road Robert frost
use biologcal control instead of chemical pestisides

 ParasitoidsInsect whose larvae consumes the host
 unfertilized eggmale
 Fertilized egg 
 B.t protienis not toxic to higher animals
not slow acting
Ex: Anthrax- Bacillus Bacterium 
 Carolus LinnaeusBinomial nomenclature
 Musca Domesticahouse fly
 Incomplete metamorphisis 
 Complete metamorphosisEgg
larva
pupa
adult
 diapauseperiod of arrested development

 Parthenogenisis 
 uric acidmost insects excrete
 Hemolymph 
 Chitininsect Suticle
amino sugar polymer
 Sex alarm adult aggregation 
 Gypsy mothfemale release sex phermone
male follows plume of pheromone upwind

 Thomas Eisnerdepartment of entomology Cornell university
 Bombardier BettlesQuinones
Special gland in abdomen

 Bolas SpiderOnly  eats male moths

 AposematicBright coloration warns potential preditors
birds learn to avoid
spiders dont
 SymbiosisIntimate relationship between two species involving co evolution
 Mutual ismrelationship between two species that benefits both artiest
 CoevolutionOccurrence of genetically determined traits
 Ants 
 E.O. WilsonThe diversity of life 
Harvard University
theory of island bio geography
 1.82 millionNamed species of plants and animals
 8 millionnumber of bettles
 1970 corn blight$5 billion damage
 Ephemeroptera 
 MayfliesIncomplete metamorphosis
eggs laid in water
nymph live 1-3 years
adults have 2-3 tails, 2 pairs of wings, and die in 1-2 days after mating

 Piercing sucking mouthpartswater measures
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