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Class:EURO ST 0101 - INTRO-EUROPEAN STDS
Subject:European Studies
University:University of California - Los Angeles
Term:Fall 2012
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Absolutism Term used to describe a form of monarchical power that is unrestrained by all other institutions, such as churches, legislatures, or social elites.
Thomas Hobbes An English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy.
Louis XIV King of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles
The Fronde A civil war in France, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635. The word fronde means sling, which Parisian mobs used to smash the windows of supporters of Cardinal Mazarin.
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Mercantilism Mercantilism is the economic doctrine that government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the prosperity and military security of the state.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert A French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.
Nobles of the Sword Refers to the class of traditional or old nobility in France during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern periods.
Nobles of the Robe French aristocrats who owed their rank to judicial or administrative posts - often bought outright for high sums.
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Versailles A royal chteau in Versailles in the le-de-France region of France.
Moliere Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molire a French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature.
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes The Edict of Fontainebleau an edict issued by Louis XIV of France, also known as the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
Jansenism Jansenism was a Christian theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination.
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Holy Roman Emperor Leopold III
War of the Holy League
Junker In the 19th and 20th centuries, Junker was an often pejorative designation for a member of the landed nobility in Prussia and eastern Germany.
Great Elector Frederick William
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Ivan the Terrible Ivan IV Vasilyevich known in English as Ivan the Terrible.
Serfdom The status of peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism..
Peter the Great Peter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother.
Table of Ranks A formal list of positions and ranks in the military, government, and court of Imperial Russia.
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St. Petersburg .
Balance of Power
War of Spanish succession Fought among several European powers, including a divided Spain, over the feared possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under one Bourbon monarch.
Bishop Boussuet
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Treaty of the Pyrenees Signed to end the 1635 to 1659 war between France and Spain, a war that was initially a part of the wider Thirty Years' War.
Cardinal Mazarin Born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino or Mazarini, was a French-Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the chief minister of France from 1642 until his death.
Time of Troubles
The Great Northern War
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Treaty of Nystad The Treaty of Nystad was the last peace treaty of the Great Northern War. It was concluded between the Tsardom of Russia and the Swedish Empire on in the then Swedish town of Nystad.
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 AbsolutismTerm used to describe a form of monarchical power that is unrestrained by all other institutions, such as churches, legislatures, or social elites.
 Thomas HobbesAn English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy.
 Louis XIVKing of France from 1643 to 1715; his long reign was marked by the expansion of French influence in Europe and by the magnificence of his court and the Palace of Versailles
 The FrondeA civil war in France, occurring in the midst of the Franco-Spanish War, which had begun in 1635. The word fronde means sling, which Parisian mobs used to smash the windows of supporters of Cardinal Mazarin.
 MercantilismMercantilism is the economic doctrine that government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the prosperity and military security of the state.
 Jean-Baptiste ColbertA French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV.
 Nobles of the SwordRefers to the class of traditional or old nobility in France during the Middle Ages and the Early Modern periods.
 Nobles of the RobeFrench aristocrats who owed their rank to judicial or administrative posts - often bought outright for high sums.
 VersaillesA royal chteau in Versailles in the le-de-France region of France.
 MoliereJean-Baptiste Poquelin, known by his stage name Molire a French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature.
 Revocation of the Edict of NantesThe Edict of Fontainebleau an edict issued by Louis XIV of France, also known as the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes.
 JansenismJansenism was a Christian theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of divine grace, and predestination.
 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold III 
 War of the Holy League 
 JunkerIn the 19th and 20th centuries, Junker was an often pejorative designation for a member of the landed nobility in Prussia and eastern Germany.
 Great Elector Frederick William 
 Ivan the TerribleIvan IV Vasilyevich known in English as Ivan the Terrible.
 SerfdomThe status of peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism..
 Peter the GreatPeter the Great, Peter I or Pyotr Alexeyevich Romanov ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from until his death, jointly ruling before 1696 with his half-brother.
 Table of RanksA formal list of positions and ranks in the military, government, and court of Imperial Russia.
 St. Petersburg.
 Balance of Power 
 War of Spanish successionFought among several European powers, including a divided Spain, over the feared possible unification of the Kingdoms of Spain and France under one Bourbon monarch.
 Bishop Boussuet 
 Treaty of the PyreneesSigned to end the 1635 to 1659 war between France and Spain, a war that was initially a part of the wider Thirty Years' War.
 Cardinal MazarinBorn Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino or Mazarini, was a French-Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the chief minister of France from 1642 until his death.
 Time of Troubles 
 The Great Northern War 
 Treaty of NystadThe Treaty of Nystad was the last peace treaty of the Great Northern War. It was concluded between the Tsardom of Russia and the Swedish Empire on in the then Swedish town of Nystad.
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