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Chapter 4 - Flashcards

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Class:FSHN 120 - Contemporary Nutrition
Subject:Food Science & Human Nutrition
University:University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign
Term:Fall 2010
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The main function of glucose is to Supply energy
The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ____ percent of our total kcalories 10
All of the following are characteristics of Type 2 diabetes mellitus EXCEPT the least common form of diabetes
The term "simple carbohydrates" refers to monosaccharides and disaccharides
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Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate? 8 ounces of orange juice, 2 cups Cream of Wheat with 2 tablespoons sugar, English muffin with jelly, 1 cup whole milk
Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood? Liver
Which of the following is NOT a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers? whole wheat bread
if you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use? Acesulfame K
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Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome are Type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke
Which of the following is NOT true of dietary fibers? They are absorbed in the large intestine
Which of the following has the most starch? 1 cup of kidney beans
The major storage sites for glycogen are muscles and liver
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A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of two monosaccharides
Sucralose (Splenda) is ____ times sweeter than sucrose 600
You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet? proteins in muscles, heart, and other vital organs will be broken into amino acids to make needed glucose, over time weakening them.
Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion? Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins
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Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus? Arises most commonly in adulthood
What enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine? pancreatic amylase
Which of the following is true? A. Glucose and glucose form sucrose.B. Glucose and fructose form lactose. C. Glucose and galactose form lactose. D. Glucose and galactose form maltose. C. Glucose and galactose form lactose
Lactose intolerance is caused by lactase deficiency
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When eating a high-fiber diet one should increase fluid intake
Which of the following shows the process of starch digestion? starch to maltose to glucose
Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? A. Alcohol B. Fruits C. Grains D. Sugar cane D. Sugar cane
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 The main function of glucose is toSupply energy
 The World Health Organization recommends limiting added sugar intake to ____ percent of our total kcalories10
 All of the following are characteristics of Type 2 diabetes mellitus EXCEPTthe least common form of diabetes
 The term "simple carbohydrates" refers tomonosaccharides and disaccharides
 Which of the following breakfasts would be highest in carbohydrate?8 ounces of orange juice, 2 cups Cream of Wheat with 2 tablespoons sugar, English muffin with jelly, 1 cup whole milk
 Which organ will first receive sugars after they are absorbed into the blood?Liver
 Which of the following is NOT a rich source of viscous (soluble) fibers?whole wheat bread
 if you had the condition phenylketonuria, which should you not use?Acesulfame K
 Medical conditions related to metabolic syndrome areType 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and stroke
 Which of the following is NOT true of dietary fibers?They are absorbed in the large intestine
 Which of the following has the most starch?1 cup of kidney beans
 The major storage sites for glycogen aremuscles and liver
 A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding oftwo monosaccharides
 Sucralose (Splenda) is ____ times sweeter than sucrose600
 You are on a diet, eating less than 50 grams of carbohydrate per day. The claim made in the educational materials is that carbohydrate is the main culprit in being overweight, so it must be restricted. Which of the following will happen as a result of this low carbohydrate diet?proteins in muscles, heart, and other vital organs will be broken into amino acids to make needed glucose, over time weakening them.
 Which of the following is true about carbohydrate digestion?Carbohydrate digestion is assisted by cooking, which softens tough skins
 Which of the following is not characteristic of Type 1 diabetes mellitus?Arises most commonly in adulthood
 What enzyme is responsible for carbohydrate digestion in the small intestine?pancreatic amylase
 Which of the following is true? A. Glucose and glucose form sucrose.B. Glucose and fructose form lactose. C. Glucose and galactose form lactose. D. Glucose and galactose form maltose. C. Glucose and galactose form lactose
 Lactose intolerance is caused bylactase deficiency
 When eating a high-fiber diet one shouldincrease fluid intake
 Which of the following shows the process of starch digestion?starch to maltose to glucose
 Of the following, which is a major source of sucrose? A. Alcohol B. Fruits C. Grains D. Sugar caneD. Sugar cane
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