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EXAM 1 - Flashcards

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Class:FSHN 120 - Contemporary Nutrition
Subject:Food Science & Human Nutrition
University:University of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign
Term:Fall 2010
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alcohol Which of the following is not a class of nutrient? lipid protein carbohydrate alcohol
dietary fiber Which of the following are substances in plant foods that are not digested in the stomach or small intestine? Dietary fiber simple sugars dextrose disaccarides
vitamins Which of the following contain no calories? vitamins proteins alcohol carbohydrates
437 A meal consisting of a cheeseburger, large fries, and a chocolate shake provides a total of 1,120 kcalories, of which 48 percent of the energy is from carbohydrate and 13 percent from protein. How many kcalories of fat does the meal contain?
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contain more kcalories than protein Which of the following is not a characteristic shared by carbohydrates? Provide a major source of fuel for the body Contain more kcalories than protein Add sweetness to food Supply 4 kcalories per gram
the time-oriented, hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home. Current factors that can influence American food habits negatively are More published information on the nutritional content of fast foods. The time-oriented, hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home. The variety of new, low fat products in the supermarket. More offerings of chicken and fish in restaurants as alternatives to beef.
appetite Which of the following terms describes psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food? . Satiety B. Appetite C. Hunger D. Obsession
52% A large hamburger (e.g., Whopper) sandwich contains 628 kcalories and 36 grams of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat?
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heat energy A kcalorie is a measure of
carbohydrates Fibers belong to the class of nutrients known as carbohydrate. B. protein. C. minerals. D. lipids.
Protein and carbohydrates Which of the following has an RDA? A. Carbohydrate only B. Fat only C. Water only D. Protein and carbohydrate
consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every day Which statement best describes the healthful diet principle of balance? A. Choose a number of different foods within any given food group rather than the "same old thing." B. Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every day. C. Plan your entire day's diet so that you don't overconsume nutrient sources. D. Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcalories.
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include plenty of fruit juices for your fruit servings Which of the following is not a true statement about the USDA MyPyramid Fruit group? A. Eat 2 cups every day. B. Eat a variety of fruit. C. Include plenty of fruit juices for your fruit servings. D. Choose fresh, frozen, canned, or dried fruit.
Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every day Ann Miles, a triathlete, wants to eat a health promoting diet and achieve dietary adequacy. Which principles should she follow to achieve dietary balance? A. Eat only unrefined plant products. B. Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every day. C. Eat only "good" foods such as fruits and vegetables and avoid the "bad" foods such as steak and ice cream. D. Plan to eat something relatively low in fat and sodium for dinner if she had a high fat and high sodium breakfast.
balance the food you eat with physical activity Which of the following statements is consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans? A. Choose a diet very low in fat and cholesterol. B. Balance the food you eat with physical activity. C. Choose a diet with plenty of animal products including milk and meats. D. Eat an abundance of saturated fats.
at least 3 oz of whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta every day According to the USDA MyPyramid, consumption of foods from the Grain group should include A. an equal amount of whole grain and refined grain products. B. at least 3 oz. of whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta every day. C. only whole grain products. D. a serving of grain products at each meal.
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MyPyramid The food grouping guidelines most recently released from the United States government are called A. The Food Guide Pyramid. B. The Basic Four Food Groups. C. MyPyramid. D. MySpace.
An educated guess by a scientist to explain a phenomenon Which of the following accurately describes the term hypotheses? A. A test made to examine the validity of an educated guess B. An educated guess by a scientist to explain a phenomenon C. A study of how disease rates vary among different population groups D. An explanation for a phenomenon that has numerous lines of evidence to support it
designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people The RDAs for nutrients generally are A. the minimum amounts the average adult male requires. B. more than twice the requirements. C. designed to prevent deficiency disease in half the population. D. designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people.
lungs To which body part does blood travel to pick up oxygen and release carbon dioxide? A. Heart B. Lungs C. Liver D. Kidneys
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bicarbonate A hormone responds to food entering the small intestine and stimulates the pancreas to release A. bicarbonate. B. acid. C. bile. D. mucus.
C Which of the following is true about digestive enzymes? A. One enzyme can speed many types of chemical processes. B. Enzymes are not sensitive to temperature. C. Enzymes that work in the acidic environment of the stomach cannot work in the basic or alkaline environment of the small intestine and vice versa. D. Enzymes typically work independently of vitamins or minerals.
DNA Which of the following act as a code book for synthesizing specific proteins required to perform specific body tasks? A. RNA B. Cells C. Organs D. DNA
Lungs Which of the following is not considered part of the GI tract? A. Anus B. Lungs C. Colon D. Esophagus
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eat smaller meals that are lower in fat Which of the following is an important dietary recommendation for avoiding heartburn? A. Eat smaller meals that are lower in fat. B. Eat large meals. C. Eat meals low in carbohydrate. D. Avoid fluids.
tissues Bone, cartilage, muscle, and nerves are considered A. organs. B. organ systems. C. tissues. D. organisms.
liver Blood leaving the intestine goes by way of a vein to the A. kidneys. B. heart. C. liver. D. pancreas.
from an are of higher concentration to one of lower concentration In passive absorption, nutrients enter the cell A. with a carrier. B. with the expenditure of energy. C. from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration. D. from an area of lower concentration to one of higher concentration.
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eating dietary fiber Constipation can best be prevented by A. eating dietary fiber. B. restricting fluids. C. restricting physical exercise. D. using laxatives.
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 alcoholWhich of the following is not a class of nutrient?

lipid
protein
carbohydrate
alcohol
 dietary fiberWhich of the following are substances in plant foods that are not digested in the stomach or small intestine?

Dietary fiber
simple sugars
dextrose
disaccarides
 vitaminsWhich of the following contain no calories?

vitamins
proteins
alcohol
carbohydrates
 437A meal consisting of a cheeseburger, large fries, and a chocolate shake provides a total of 1,120 kcalories, of which 48 percent of the energy is from carbohydrate and 13 percent from protein. How many kcalories of fat does the meal contain?
 contain more kcalories than proteinWhich of the following is not a characteristic shared by carbohydrates?

Provide a major source of fuel for the body
Contain more kcalories than protein
Add sweetness to food
Supply 4 kcalories per gram
 the time-oriented, hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home.Current factors that can influence American food habits negatively are

More published information on the nutritional content of fast foods.
The time-oriented, hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home.
The variety of new, low fat products in the supermarket.
More offerings of chicken and fish in restaurants as alternatives to beef.
 appetiteWhich of the following terms describes psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food?

. Satiety
B. Appetite
C. Hunger
D. Obsession
 52%A large hamburger (e.g., Whopper) sandwich contains 628 kcalories and 36 grams of fat. Approximately what percentage of the total energy is contributed by fat?
 heat energyA kcalorie is a measure of
 carbohydratesFibers belong to the class of nutrients known as

carbohydrate.
B. protein.
C. minerals.
D. lipids.
 Protein and carbohydratesWhich of the following has an RDA?

A. Carbohydrate only
B. Fat only
C. Water only
D. Protein and carbohydrate
 consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every dayWhich statement best describes the healthful diet principle of balance?

A. Choose a number of different foods within any given food group rather than the "same old thing."
B. Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every day.
C. Plan your entire day's diet so that you don't overconsume nutrient sources.
D. Consume foods that have the most nutrition for their kcalories.
 include plenty of fruit juices for your fruit servingsWhich of the following is not a true statement about the USDA MyPyramid Fruit group?

A. Eat 2 cups every day.
B. Eat a variety of fruit.
C. Include plenty of fruit juices for your fruit servings.
D. Choose fresh, frozen, canned, or dried fruit.
 Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every dayAnn Miles, a triathlete, wants to eat a health promoting diet and achieve dietary adequacy. Which principles should she follow to achieve dietary balance?
A. Eat only unrefined plant products.
B. Consume a variety of foods from MyPyramid's five major food groups every day.
C. Eat only "good" foods such as fruits and vegetables and avoid the "bad" foods such as steak and ice cream.
D. Plan to eat something relatively low in fat and sodium for dinner if she had a high fat and high sodium breakfast.
 balance the food you eat with physical activityWhich of the following statements is consistent with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?

A. Choose a diet very low in fat and cholesterol.
B. Balance the food you eat with physical activity.
C. Choose a diet with plenty of animal products including milk and meats.
D. Eat an abundance of saturated fats.
 at least 3 oz of whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta every dayAccording to the USDA MyPyramid, consumption of foods from the Grain group should include

A. an equal amount of whole grain and refined grain products.
B. at least 3 oz. of whole grain cereals, breads, crackers, rice, or pasta every day.
C. only whole grain products.
D. a serving of grain products at each meal.
 MyPyramidThe food grouping guidelines most recently released from the United States government are called

A. The Food Guide Pyramid.
B. The Basic Four Food Groups.
C. MyPyramid.
D. MySpace.
 An educated guess by a scientist to explain a phenomenonWhich of the following accurately describes the term hypotheses?

A. A test made to examine the validity of an educated guess
B. An educated guess by a scientist to explain a phenomenon
C. A study of how disease rates vary among different population groups
D. An explanation for a phenomenon that has numerous lines of evidence to support it
 designed to be adequate for almost all healthy peopleThe RDAs for nutrients generally are

A. the minimum amounts the average adult male requires.
B. more than twice the requirements.
C. designed to prevent deficiency disease in half the population.
D. designed to be adequate for almost all healthy people.
 lungsTo which body part does blood travel to pick up oxygen and release carbon dioxide?

A. Heart
B. Lungs
C. Liver
D. Kidneys
 bicarbonateA hormone responds to food entering the small intestine and stimulates the pancreas to release

A. bicarbonate.
B. acid.
C. bile.
D. mucus.
 CWhich of the following is true about digestive enzymes?

A. One enzyme can speed many types of chemical processes.
B. Enzymes are not sensitive to temperature.
C. Enzymes that work in the acidic environment of the stomach cannot work in the basic or alkaline environment of the small intestine and vice versa.
D. Enzymes typically work independently of vitamins or minerals.
 DNAWhich of the following act as a code book for synthesizing specific proteins required to perform specific body tasks?

A. RNA
B. Cells
C. Organs
D. DNA
 LungsWhich of the following is not considered part of the GI tract?

A. Anus
B. Lungs
C. Colon
D. Esophagus
 eat smaller meals that are lower in fatWhich of the following is an important dietary recommendation for avoiding heartburn?

A. Eat smaller meals that are lower in fat.
B. Eat large meals.
C. Eat meals low in carbohydrate.
D. Avoid fluids.
 tissuesBone, cartilage, muscle, and nerves are considered

A. organs.
B. organ systems.
C. tissues.
D. organisms.
 liverBlood leaving the intestine goes by way of a vein to the

A. kidneys.
B. heart.
C. liver.
D. pancreas.
 from an are of higher concentration to one of lower concentrationIn passive absorption, nutrients enter the cell

A. with a carrier.
B. with the expenditure of energy.
C. from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration.
D. from an area of lower concentration to one of higher concentration.
 eating dietary fiberConstipation can best be prevented by

A. eating dietary fiber.
B. restricting fluids.
C. restricting physical exercise.
D. using laxatives.
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