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Exam One Review - Flashcards

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Class:GBA 2013 - Social & Ethical Issues in Bus
Subject:General Business Admin
University:University of Texas - San Antonio
Term:Fall 2010
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Autonomy The ability to choose Free Will Autonomous beings deserve respect
Self Governance` The ability to govern ourselves Sufficient condition for dignity Autonomy and Rationality are sufficient for Self GovernancE
The Greeks Viewed work as a curse from the Gods. However it is a necessary evil. Aristotle
Aristotle Working to live was a natural process because it was finite. Working for profit is unnatural because it was in aim to fulfill our wants which are limitless.
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Early Christians Believed there was good work and bad work . Good work keeps one away from 7 deadly sins and helps instill virtue.
Reformation Believed that poor people were lazy and worthless. If they were poor, it was their own fault.
Renaissance Work was based on ones ability to make and create things, change the environment, and express themselves.
Social Contract Limits our freedom, but life is nasty and brutish without it because people would just do whatever they wanted.
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Sufficient Condition What is enough. Flour is necessary condition for cake, but not enough
Sufficient Condition something that has to be the case to be true or false. Autonomy is a necessary condition for self governance, but is it Sufficient? NO! It also needs rationality). having two parts oxygen and one part hydrogen is sufficient and necessary
Dignity Sufficient condition for respect If what you do matters, you deserve respect, aka you have dignity
Kant's Categorical Imperative 1 Always treat people as an ends to a mean, but never as a means to an end
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Universal Principle Act such that your actions can be made to accord of the universal law. The Universal Law is a law that everyone everywhere would follow no matter what.
Two ways to not act with universal law Contradiction of the Will Conceptual Incoherance
Contradiction of the Will I'm okay with the law, unless it affects me
Conceptual Incoherence A handicap is for someone that is disabled, not for someone running late.
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Rationality Making the Right Decision Being Moral
Rationality Making the Right Decision Being Moral
Rationality Making the Right Decision Being Moral
Argumentation The whole reason you argue with people is to instill your beliefs into them. You have a moral right to your beliefs
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Morality vs. Leaglity Upon what our laws supposed to be based? We would hope our rational, moral intuition. They are not the same things though. Just because something is moral, doesn't mean it is also legal, and vice versa.
Informed Consent Protects a persons autonomy and preserves free will The negative effect is not necessarily the lie itself, but what the lie is trying to accomplish. Persons have the right to informed consent
Person Moral Rational
Being Biological
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Fiduciary Relationship A relationship based on trust
Utilitarianism Do what creates the most utility and shy away from that which creates pain
Deontology The duty based ethics of Kant. It is not about sensations but rather the autonomy of persons The Theory of Moral Ethics Ethics based on actions
Shareholder Anyone who is invested in stock with the company
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Stakeholder Anyone who is affected by a business
Consequentialism Ethics based on the consequences that happen, regardless of your intention
Premafacia On the surface
Doctrine of Double Effect This is what we do if we aren't utilitarian If the intention to do something comes from good, there might be negative side affects from such action. One must peel those two affects, the good and bad one, apart. If something is done on purpose, like creating robots to take jobs from people, then it is immoral. If the purpose was to take
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Telling less than the whole truth Reduced Fat Pastry
Telling a biased truth Coke is better than Pepsi
Combat Model of Business Instead of moving the world forward, the businesses are at war with each other. Not efficient Believing that competition is the only goal of being in business
Ethics of Belief It is our beliefs that determine our actions We are responsible for our beliefs There is a certain ethics to our beliefs, so we have a moral obligation to them
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State of Nature Without structure we would be at war Only with a structure to people have rights Rights only exist with social contracts
Leviathan The enforcer of the social contract
Absolute Poverty You don't have the means to provide for your basic needs It is very bad
Relative Poverty Characterized by your surrounding and it is relative to each countries situation
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Justice as Fairness Everyone has equal opportunity
Economic Equality We all have the ability to have certain jobs, that pay more or less, because we are in a free market. Therefor, the system creates equality, but the jobs themselves are not equal. Some people will get paid more, but only if the society at large benefits
Psychological Effects of Advertising Keeping up with the trends People act based upon their desires, and marketing plays and can manipulate those desires
Definition
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 AutonomyThe ability to choose Free Will Autonomous beings deserve respect
 Self Governance`The ability to govern ourselves Sufficient condition for dignity Autonomy and Rationality are sufficient for Self GovernancE
 The GreeksViewed work as a curse from the Gods. However it is a necessary evil. Aristotle
 AristotleWorking to live was a natural process because it was finite. Working for profit is unnatural because it was in aim to fulfill our wants which are limitless.
 Early ChristiansBelieved there was good work and bad work . Good work keeps one away from 7 deadly sins and helps instill virtue.
 ReformationBelieved that poor people were lazy and worthless. If they were poor, it was their own fault.
 Renaissance Work was based on ones ability to make and create things, change the environment, and express themselves.
 Social ContractLimits our freedom, but life is nasty and brutish without it because people would just do whatever they wanted.
 Sufficient ConditionWhat is enough. Flour is necessary condition for cake, but not enough
 Sufficient Conditionsomething that has to be the case to be true or false. Autonomy is a necessary condition for self governance, but is it Sufficient? NO! It also needs rationality). having two parts oxygen and one part hydrogen is sufficient and necessary
 DignitySufficient condition for respect If what you do matters, you deserve respect, aka you have dignity
 Kant's Categorical Imperative 1Always treat people as an ends to a mean, but never as a means to an end
 Universal PrincipleAct such that your actions can be made to accord of the universal law. The Universal Law is a law that everyone everywhere would follow no matter what.
 Two ways to not act with universal lawContradiction of the Will Conceptual Incoherance
 Contradiction of the WillI'm okay with the law, unless it affects me
 Conceptual IncoherenceA handicap is for someone that is disabled, not for someone running late.
 RationalityMaking the Right Decision
Being Moral
 RationalityMaking the Right Decision
Being Moral
 RationalityMaking the Right Decision
Being Moral
 Argumentation The whole reason you argue with people is to instill your beliefs into them. You have a moral right to your beliefs
 Morality vs. LeaglityUpon what our laws supposed to be based? We would hope our rational, moral intuition. They are not the same things though. Just because something is moral, doesn't mean it is also legal, and vice versa.
 Informed ConsentProtects a persons autonomy and preserves free will
The negative effect is not necessarily the lie itself, but what the lie is trying to accomplish.
Persons have the right to informed consent
 PersonMoral Rational
 BeingBiological
 Fiduciary RelationshipA relationship based on trust
 UtilitarianismDo what creates the most utility and shy away from that which creates pain
 DeontologyThe duty based ethics of Kant. It is not about sensations but rather the autonomy of persons
The Theory of Moral Ethics
Ethics based on actions
 ShareholderAnyone who is invested in stock with the company
 StakeholderAnyone who is affected by a business
 ConsequentialismEthics based on the consequences that happen, regardless of your intention
 PremafaciaOn the surface
 Doctrine of Double EffectThis is what we do if we aren't utilitarian
If the intention to do something comes from good, there might be negative side affects from such action. One must peel those two affects, the good and bad one, apart.

If something is done on purpose, like creating robots to take jobs from people, then it is immoral. If the purpose was to take
 Telling less than the whole truthReduced Fat Pastry
 Telling a biased truthCoke is better than Pepsi
 Combat Model of BusinessInstead of moving the world forward, the businesses are at war with each other.
Not efficient
Believing that competition is the only goal of being in business
 Ethics of BeliefIt is our beliefs that determine our actions
We are responsible for our beliefs
There is a certain ethics to our beliefs, so we have a moral obligation to them
 State of NatureWithout structure we would be at war
Only with a structure to people have rights
Rights only exist with social contracts
 LeviathanThe enforcer of the social contract
 Absolute PovertyYou don't have the means to provide for your basic needs
It is very bad
 Relative PovertyCharacterized by your surrounding and it is relative to each countries situation
 Justice as FairnessEveryone has equal opportunity
 Economic EqualityWe all have the ability to have certain jobs, that pay more or less, because we are in a free market. Therefor, the system creates equality, but the jobs themselves are not equal. Some people will get paid more, but only if the society at large benefits
 Psychological Effects of AdvertisingKeeping up with the trends
People act based upon their desires, and marketing plays and can manipulate those desires
  Definition
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