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Europe - Flashcards

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Class:GEOG 1100 - WORLD REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY
Subject:Geography
University:Armstrong Atlantic State University
Term:Spring 2010
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Land hemisphere The half of the globe containing the greatest amountof land surface, centered on Europe
Physiography Refers to the total physical geography of a place; includes all of the natural features on the earths suface, including landfills, climate, soil, vegetataion, and water bodies.
Infrastructure Foundations of a society: urban centers, transport networks, communications, energy distribution systems, farms, factories, mines and facilities.
Local functional specialization A hall mark of Europes economic geography that later spread to many parts of the world, whereby particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods and services.
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Isolated State The transformation of Europe's farmlands reshaped its economic geography, producing new patterns of land use and market links. John Heinrich von Thunen, studied the changes and published his observations named The Isolated State
Model An idealized representation of reality built to demonstrate its most importany properties.
Industrial Revolution The social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce, and manufacturing and urbanization that resulted from theological invovations and specialization.
Nation-State A country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity. The ideal form to which most nations and states aspire.
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Nation All citizens of a state; a group of tight knit people possessing langauage, ethincity, and religion.
Centrifugal forces To designate forces that end to divide a country
Indo European language family The major world language that dominates the european geographic realm.
Centripetal Forces Forces that unite and bind a country together
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Complementarity Exists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and finished products, which specifically satisfy one another demands.
Transferablilty The compacity to move a good from one place to another at a bearable cost
Intervening opportunity In trade or migration flows, the presence of a nearer opportuinity that greatly dimenishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
Primate city A county's largest city, ranking atop the urban hierarchy most expressive of the national culture and usually the capital city as well.
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Metropolis urban agglomeration consisting of a cantral city and its subrurban ring.
Central Business District The downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings
Supranationalism involving 3 or more states-political, economic, and cultural coorporation o promote shared industrilization.
Devolution The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central governmnent
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Four Motors of Europe France, Germany, Spain, Italy. Each is a high-technology driven region marked by exceptional industrial vitality and economic successnot onlywithin Europe but on the global scene as well.
Regional State A natural economic zone that defies political boundries and is shaped by the global economy of which it is a part; its leaders deal directly with foreign partners and negogiate the best terms they can with the national governments under which they operate.
Site The internal locational attributes of an urban center, including its local spatial organization and physical setting
Situation The external locational attributes of an urban center; its relative location or regional position position eith reference to other nonlocal places.
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Conurbation General term used to identify a large multimetropolitan complexed formed by the coalescnce of 2 or more major urban areas.
Landlocked location An interior state surrounded by land.
Break of bulk A location along a transport where goods must be transffered from one carrier to another.
Entrepot A place usually a port city where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped
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Shatter belt caught between stronger, colliding external cultural political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals.
Balkanization The fragmentation of a region into smaller, often hostile political union
Exclave A bounded piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies seperated from it by the territory of an another state.
Irredentism A policy of cultural extension and political potential expansion by a state aimed at a communtiy of its nationals living in a neighboring state.
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 Land hemisphereThe half of the globe containing the greatest amountof land surface, centered on Europe
 PhysiographyRefers to the total physical geography of a place; includes all of the natural features on the earths suface, including landfills, climate, soil, vegetataion, and water bodies.
 InfrastructureFoundations of a society: urban centers, transport networks, communications, energy distribution systems, farms, factories, mines and facilities.
 Local functional specializationA hall mark of Europes economic geography that later spread to many parts of the world, whereby particular places concentrate on the production of particular goods and services.
 Isolated StateThe transformation of Europe's farmlands reshaped its economic geography, producing new patterns of land use and market links. John Heinrich von Thunen, studied the changes and published his observations named The Isolated State
 ModelAn idealized representation of reality built to demonstrate its most importany properties.
 Industrial RevolutionThe social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce, and manufacturing and urbanization that resulted from theological invovations and specialization.
 Nation-StateA country whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity. The ideal form to which most nations and states aspire.
 NationAll citizens of a state; a group of tight knit people possessing langauage, ethincity, and religion.
 Centrifugal forcesTo designate forces that end to divide a country
 Indo European language familyThe major world language that dominates the european geographic realm.
 Centripetal ForcesForces that unite and bind a country together
 ComplementarityExists when two regions, through an exchange of raw materials and finished products, which specifically satisfy one another demands.
 TransferabliltyThe compacity to move a good from one place to another at a bearable cost
 Intervening opportunityIn trade or migration flows, the presence of a nearer opportuinity that greatly dimenishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
 Primate cityA county's largest city, ranking atop the urban hierarchy most expressive of the national culture and usually the capital city as well.
 Metropolisurban agglomeration consisting of a cantral city and its subrurban ring.
 Central Business DistrictThe downtown heart of a central city; marked by high land values, a concentration of business and commerce, and the clustering of the tallest buildings
 Supranationalisminvolving 3 or more states-political, economic, and cultural coorporation o promote shared industrilization.
 DevolutionThe process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central governmnent
 Four Motors of EuropeFrance, Germany, Spain, Italy. Each is a high-technology driven region marked by exceptional industrial vitality and economic successnot onlywithin Europe but on the global scene as well.
 Regional StateA natural economic zone that defies political boundries and is shaped by the global economy of which it is a part; its leaders deal directly with foreign partners and negogiate the best terms they can with the national governments under which they operate.
 SiteThe internal locational attributes of an urban center, including its local spatial organization and physical setting
 SituationThe external locational attributes of an urban center; its relative location or regional position position eith reference to other nonlocal places.
 ConurbationGeneral term used to identify a large multimetropolitan complexed formed by the coalescnce of 2 or more major urban areas.
 Landlocked locationAn interior state surrounded by land.
 Break of bulkA location along a transport where goods must be transffered from one carrier to another.
 EntrepotA place usually a port city where goods are imported, stored, and transshipped
 Shatter beltcaught between stronger, colliding external cultural political forces, under persistent stress, and often fragmented by aggressive rivals.
 BalkanizationThe fragmentation of a region into smaller, often hostile political union
 ExclaveA bounded piece of territory that is part of a particular state but lies seperated from it by the territory of an another state.
 IrredentismA policy of cultural extension and political potential expansion by a state aimed at a communtiy of its nationals living in a neighboring state.
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