Koofers

Exam #1 - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:GEOG 06201 - Geography of the United States and Canada
Subject:Geography
University:Rowan University
Term:Spring 2013
- of -
INCORRECT CORRECT
- INCORRECT     - CORRECT     - SKIPPED
Shuffle Remaining Cards Show Definitions First Take Quiz (NEW)
Hide Keyboard shortcuts
Next card
Previous card
Mark correct
Mark incorrect
Flip card
Start Over
Shuffle
      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
Commonalities Between US & Canada
  • English Speaking
Differences Between US & Canada
  • Canada- D & E Climate
  • US- 50 States
  • Canada- 10 Provinces & 3 Territories
  • US has a more developed transportation system
  • Canada's economy sector is primary
  • US's economy sector is tertiary
  • Canada's populated cities are on the US borders
  • US population 300 Million
  • Canada population 30 Million
Economic Sectors of Economy (4)
  • Primary: Resource extraction
  • Secondary: Manufactoring
  • Tertiary: Services (Teacher)
  • Quaternary: Higher Services (CEO, Doctor, Lawyer)
Formal vs Functional vs Vernacular Region
  • Formal: State Boundaries
  • Functional: By function
  • Vernacular: Divisions (Ex: South Jersey)
Generated by Koofers.com
Key North American Waterways
  • Great Lakes/St. Lawrence River System
  • Mississippi/Missouri/Ohio River System
  • Hudson Bay
  • Mackenzie River System
  • Yukon River System
  • Colorado River System
  • Columbia River System
  • Fraser River System
  • Great Salt Lake (Closed System)
Delta
  • Deposits sediment load with slow movement (which forms more land)
  • Where it leads into a bigger body of water
Estuary
  • Where salt and fresh water meets
  • AKA Brackish
Fjord
  • Sea Water in River Valleys
Generated by Koofers.com
Karst Formation
  • Rocks that are water soluable
  • Example: Limestone
Cirque Lake
  • Where glacial debris has been left
Kettle Lake
  • Formed by receding glacier
Oxbow Lake
  • "U" shape lake
  • Formed by the meandering of the existing lake
Generated by Koofers.com
Stream Types
  • Gaining
  • Losing
  • Disconnected
  •    Seasonal
  •    Exotic (Flows all year in a desert environment)
  • Ephemeral (Temporary)
Water Flows
  • East to West
Orographic Precipitation
  • Rain over top of a mountain
  • Windward side is wet
  • Leeward side is dry
A Climate
  • Tropical Savannah
  • High temperatures year round
Generated by Koofers.com
B Climate
  • Steppe & Desert
  • Limited vegetation
  • Water scarcity
  • Exotic Stream
  •     Colorado
  • 30 degree latitude belt
C Climate
  • Humid Subtropical
  • Warm to hot summers
  • Mild to cool winters
  • Frost free 200+ days
  • Mixed vegetation
D Climate
  • Warm to hot summers
  • Cold winters
  • Frost free 100-200 days
  • "Taiga"
  • Fur, Spruce, Conifers
E Climate
  • Tundra
  • Polar Climate
  • Harsh Cold
Generated by Koofers.com
H Climate
  • Highlands
  • Made up of montane microclimates
  • 3 Factors
  •    Elevation
  •    Aspect (What side you're facing)
  •    Latitude
Jet Stream
  • High speed upper level air flow (West to East)
A _____ Pressure system moves toward a ______ Pressure system
  • High to Low
High Pressure System
  • Denser air (Down and Out)
  • Fair weather
  • Clockwise
Generated by Koofers.com
Low Pressure System
  • Less Dense Air (Together & Up)
  • STORMS
  • Counter Clockwise
Two Important Soil Types (& Location)
  • Mollisols:
                  Dark & Rich
                  Wheat, Oat, Corn Production
                  Found in Middle America
  • Spodosols:
                  Acidic & Weak
                  Found in Eastern Canada
Terminal Moraines
  • Where a glacier stopped and left a pile of debris
Canadian Shield
  • Location in Canada where there is an extremely thin layer of soil
Generated by Koofers.com
Climatic Controls (4)
  • Latitude
  • Proximity to large bodies of water
  • Impact of large airmasses
  • Elevation
Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

  Hide All 29 Print
 
Front
Back
 Commonalities Between US & Canada
  • English Speaking
 Differences Between US & Canada
  • Canada- D & E Climate
  • US- 50 States
  • Canada- 10 Provinces & 3 Territories
  • US has a more developed transportation system
  • Canada's economy sector is primary
  • US's economy sector is tertiary
  • Canada's populated cities are on the US borders
  • US population 300 Million
  • Canada population 30 Million
 Economic Sectors of Economy (4)
  • Primary: Resource extraction
  • Secondary: Manufactoring
  • Tertiary: Services (Teacher)
  • Quaternary: Higher Services (CEO, Doctor, Lawyer)
 Formal vs Functional vs Vernacular Region
  • Formal: State Boundaries
  • Functional: By function
  • Vernacular: Divisions (Ex: South Jersey)
 Key North American Waterways
  • Great Lakes/St. Lawrence River System
  • Mississippi/Missouri/Ohio River System
  • Hudson Bay
  • Mackenzie River System
  • Yukon River System
  • Colorado River System
  • Columbia River System
  • Fraser River System
  • Great Salt Lake (Closed System)
 Delta
  • Deposits sediment load with slow movement (which forms more land)
  • Where it leads into a bigger body of water
 Estuary
  • Where salt and fresh water meets
  • AKA Brackish
 Fjord
  • Sea Water in River Valleys
 Karst Formation
  • Rocks that are water soluable
  • Example: Limestone
 Cirque Lake
  • Where glacial debris has been left
 Kettle Lake
  • Formed by receding glacier
 Oxbow Lake
  • "U" shape lake
  • Formed by the meandering of the existing lake
 Stream Types
  • Gaining
  • Losing
  • Disconnected
  •    Seasonal
  •    Exotic (Flows all year in a desert environment)
  • Ephemeral (Temporary)
 Water Flows
  • East to West
 Orographic Precipitation
  • Rain over top of a mountain
  • Windward side is wet
  • Leeward side is dry
 A Climate
  • Tropical Savannah
  • High temperatures year round
 B Climate
  • Steppe & Desert
  • Limited vegetation
  • Water scarcity
  • Exotic Stream
  •     Colorado
  • 30 degree latitude belt
 C Climate
  • Humid Subtropical
  • Warm to hot summers
  • Mild to cool winters
  • Frost free 200+ days
  • Mixed vegetation
 D Climate
  • Warm to hot summers
  • Cold winters
  • Frost free 100-200 days
  • "Taiga"
  • Fur, Spruce, Conifers
 E Climate
  • Tundra
  • Polar Climate
  • Harsh Cold
 H Climate
  • Highlands
  • Made up of montane microclimates
  • 3 Factors
  •    Elevation
  •    Aspect (What side you're facing)
  •    Latitude
 Jet Stream
  • High speed upper level air flow (West to East)
 A _____ Pressure system moves toward a ______ Pressure system
  • High to Low
 High Pressure System
  • Denser air (Down and Out)
  • Fair weather
  • Clockwise
 Low Pressure System
  • Less Dense Air (Together & Up)
  • STORMS
  • Counter Clockwise
 Two Important Soil Types (& Location)
  • Mollisols:
                  Dark & Rich
                  Wheat, Oat, Corn Production
                  Found in Middle America
  • Spodosols:
                  Acidic & Weak
                  Found in Eastern Canada
 Terminal Moraines
  • Where a glacier stopped and left a pile of debris
 Canadian Shield
  • Location in Canada where there is an extremely thin layer of soil
 Climatic Controls (4)
  • Latitude
  • Proximity to large bodies of water
  • Impact of large airmasses
  • Elevation
36, "/var/app/current/tmp/"