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Class:GEOG 280 - Regional Geography: Europe
Subject:Geography
University:Radford University
Term:Fall 2010
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Saudi Arabia: Important Resources Oil , other than oil industry includes processed foods, paints, AC, fertilizers, and petrochemicals
Jordan: Important Resources Water is vital and Jordan has limited rainfall and no major rivers or dams, gets water from Israel and Syria; big on mining produces a lot of phosphates
Turkey: Important Resources high natural fertility of soil and sufficient precipitation; 22 dam’s lots of Hydroelectricity to make up for deficiency of oil; largest forests in region; longest coasts-13 seaports
Saudi Arabia: Location of Important Sites Jiddah and Riyadh international airports; include seperate facility for up to 2 mil. Muslims making pilgrimage to Mecca Gulf coastal plain- home to worlds largest oil reserves Dhahran=nerve center Ras Tanura- largest refinery
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Turkey: Location of Important Sites Everywhere but Anatolia has high frequency of seismic activity 22 dams on the Tigiris and Euphrates river Izmir- longest seaport
Trans-Jordan created in 1923, means beyond the Jordan River, designed as a buffer for its neighbors (French, Saudis, and Iraqis)
Saudi the central Arabian peninsula, family of Al Saud, policies of the dynasty; Arabia of the Sauds kingdom ruled by Al Saud
Asia Minor peninsula that lies between the black sea and the NE Mediterranean east of the Aegean.
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Anatolia another word for asia minor, refers to the interior plateau excluding the coastlands of asia minor
Saudi Arabian Alliances allies with US since 1942 but 9/11 strained the relationship, charter member of OPEC, funds Palestinian Liberation Organization, funded “freedom fighters” against soviet
Turkish Alliances trying to become member of EU, but faces many obstacles because of human rights, military power, treatment of minorities and religious groups, and negotiations between Greece and Cyprus
Jordans Alliances only Arab country to offer it Palestinians citizenship
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Who Sided With Who During the Gulf War? Saudi Arabia sided with the US Jordan sided with Iraq
Territorial Claims Definition
Population Exchange known population exchange with Greece (1.2 million Greeks return to Greece, 600,000 Turks return to Turkey)
Reconciliation reconciled with Israel who now supply’s much of their water
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Turkey: Ancestral Land part of Ottoman Empire, Constantinople renamed Istanbul became the capital of the Ottoman Empire
Saudi Arabia: Ancestral Land inner part of Arabian peninsula was never claimed as anybody’s colony, prior to 1932 tribal organization, no central government
Jordan: Ancestral Land place of Raboth Amman of the old testament then the Greco-Roman Philadelphia
Turkey: Minorities 1915 Armenian genocide, small groups of Armenians, Greeks and Jews; largest minority is Kurds; Minorities- Kurds, Arabs, Greeks
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Saudi Arabia: Minorities women have very little right cannot eat alone in restaurant, drive, work in public office, and have to be completely covered
Jordan: Minorities Circassian and Chechen minorities: descendants of 19th C refugees from Russia; good relations with Christian minority
Kurds 14-18% of population, called “mountain Turks”, Kurdish was outlawed in public; 1984- Kurdish Rebellion in E Turkey ( most active till 1991), Guerilla attacks on regular army units 40,000 dead since 1984, not all Kurds rebellious most assimilate or at least feel comfortable as citizens of Turkey. 1991 on attempts of reconciliation; 2005 Endogens admittance of mistreatment; 2009 introduction of Kurdish TV channel
Mustafa K. Ataturk President of Turkey 1923-1938, known population exchange with Greece (1.2 Greeks return to Greece, 600,000 Turks return to Turkey) Westernization, including women participation in all spheres of public life, separation of religion and state, strong military, capitalism, capital moved from Istanbul to Ankara
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 Saudi Arabia: Important ResourcesOil , other than oil industry includes processed foods, paints, AC, fertilizers, and petrochemicals
 Jordan: Important ResourcesWater is vital and Jordan has limited rainfall and no major rivers or dams, gets water from Israel and Syria; big on mining produces a lot of phosphates
 Turkey: Important Resources high natural fertility of soil and sufficient precipitation; 22 dam’s lots of Hydroelectricity to make up for deficiency of oil; largest forests in region; longest coasts-13 seaports
 Saudi Arabia: Location of Important SitesJiddah and Riyadh international airports; include seperate facility for up to 2 mil. Muslims making pilgrimage to Mecca
Gulf coastal plain- home to worlds largest oil reserves
Dhahran=nerve center
Ras Tanura- largest refinery
 Turkey: Location of Important SitesEverywhere but Anatolia has high frequency of seismic activity
22 dams on the Tigiris and Euphrates river
Izmir- longest seaport
 Trans-Jordancreated in 1923, means beyond the Jordan River, designed as a buffer for its neighbors (French, Saudis, and Iraqis)
 Saudithe central Arabian peninsula, family of Al Saud, policies of the dynasty; Arabia of the Sauds kingdom ruled by Al Saud
 Asia Minorpeninsula that lies between the black sea and the NE Mediterranean east of the Aegean.
 Anatoliaanother word for asia minor, refers to the interior plateau excluding the coastlands of asia minor
 Saudi Arabian Alliancesallies with US since 1942 but 9/11 strained the relationship, charter member of OPEC, funds Palestinian Liberation Organization, funded “freedom fighters” against soviet
 Turkish Alliancestrying to become member of EU, but faces many obstacles because of human rights, military power, treatment of minorities and religious groups, and negotiations between Greece and Cyprus
 Jordans Alliancesonly Arab country to offer it Palestinians citizenship
 Who Sided With Who During the Gulf War?Saudi Arabia sided with the US
Jordan sided with Iraq
 Territorial ClaimsDefinition
 Population Exchange known population exchange with Greece (1.2 million Greeks return to Greece, 600,000 Turks return to Turkey)
 Reconciliationreconciled with Israel who now supply’s much of their water
 Turkey: Ancestral Landpart of Ottoman Empire, Constantinople renamed Istanbul became the capital of the Ottoman Empire
 Saudi Arabia: Ancestral Landinner part of Arabian peninsula was never claimed as anybody’s colony, prior to 1932 tribal organization, no central government
 Jordan: Ancestral Landplace of Raboth Amman of the old testament then the Greco-Roman Philadelphia
 Turkey: Minorities1915 Armenian genocide, small groups of Armenians, Greeks and Jews; largest minority is Kurds; Minorities- Kurds, Arabs, Greeks
 Saudi Arabia: Minoritieswomen have very little right cannot eat alone in restaurant, drive, work in public office, and have to be completely covered
 Jordan: MinoritiesCircassian and Chechen minorities: descendants of 19th C refugees from Russia; good relations with Christian minority
 Kurds14-18% of population, called “mountain Turks”, Kurdish was outlawed in public; 1984- Kurdish Rebellion in E Turkey ( most active till 1991), Guerilla attacks on regular army units 40,000 dead since 1984, not all Kurds rebellious most assimilate or at least feel comfortable as citizens of Turkey. 1991 on attempts of reconciliation; 2005 Endogens admittance of mistreatment; 2009 introduction of Kurdish TV channel
 Mustafa K. AtaturkPresident of Turkey 1923-1938, known population exchange with Greece (1.2 Greeks return to Greece, 600,000 Turks return to Turkey) Westernization, including women participation in all spheres of public life, separation of religion and state, strong military, capitalism, capital moved from Istanbul to Ankara
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