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test 2- questions from book website - Flashcards

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Class:HD 2314 - Human Sexuality
Subject:Human Development
University:Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University
Term:Spring 2010
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A genetically female infant has ambiguous genitals. This infant would be called: interesexed.
"Female reproductive system" is to "Müllerian ducts" as "male reproductive system" is to: Wolffian ducts.
A male is infertile; if the problem is genetic, most likely the diagnosis will be: Klinefelter's syndrome.
We tend to be rewarded for acquiring appropriate gender roles, according to which theory? social learning
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In most cultures, men are more likely than women to have all of these except: suicide attempts.
Shahla was raised as a woman, although she has felt like a man for her entire life. She says she feels as though she is trapped inside a female's body. This condition is called: transsexualism
Most transsexuals: have wanted to be the other gender all their lives.
Sex reassignment surgery (SRS) sometimes doesn't relieve psychological suffering
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Homosocial play vis universal.
Research demonstrates that in the typical elementary school classroom in the U.S.: boys get more praise and more criticism than girls.
t/f Someone with Turner syndrome would look like a genetic female at birth true
t/f Masculine gender roles are always to a male's advantage. false
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________ is a hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that may contribute to the physical bond between a mother and her infant Oxytocin
Four-year-old Estella knows that she is a girl, but sometimes says things indicating that she thinks she may be a boy in the future. Estella has not yet achieved: gender constancy
Bert and Alma notice that their son Jeremy's overt sexual behavior declined between early childhood and puberty. This is because: Jeremy has become better at hiding his behavior.
Same-sex experimentation in preadolescents is quite common.
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The focus of early 20th century sexuality educ in the U.S.for example, that provided by the American Society of Sanitary and Moral Prophylaxis, was: "venereal disease" prevention.
In general, outcome studies show that going through an "abstinence-only" educational program is related to: no changes in the likelihood of adolescents delaying sexual intercourse.
Among the Muria, childhood sexuality s practiced openly, in public.
The average age for first engaging in sexual intercourse is approximately ________ years. 17
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Molly has just taken a virginity pledge. Compared to girls who didn't take this pledge, Molly is more likely to: have an unplanned pregnancy.
n which of the following countries has sex education been blamed for increased divorce and the destruction of the family? Japan
t/f Research has found that casual parental nudity around young children is harmful and should be avoided. false
t/ f The majority of preindustrial cultures consider sex to be an inevitable and harmless aspect of childhood. true
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t/f Caucasian men are more likely than Black and Hispanic men to father a child before the age of twenty. false
Which of the following are true about trends in marriage? 93% of Americans list marriage as one of their life goals. b. White adults are more likely to marry than African American or Hispanic adults. c. Couples are marrying later now than they did thirty years ago. d. Marriages are as happy now as they were twenty years ago.
Compared to those who do not cohabit before marriage, those who do cohabit before marriage are: more likely to divorce if they marry
Overall, those who derive the greatest health benefits from their marital status are: married men.
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What percentage of today's marriages worldwide are arranged? 60
The group with the lowest rate of marriage of any racial group in the United States is: African American women.
hich of the following is the factors relating to marriage stability according to John Gottman? Satisfying sex life. b. The ability to resolve conflict. d. Financial burdens. e. Quality of friendship with one's spouse.
A man, woman or couple who openly exchanges sexual partners is called a(n): polyamorist.
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From least to most, which couples are emotionally closest? lesbian relationships, gay male relationships, heterosexual relationships
Some researchers believe that civil unions will do all of the following EXCEPT: create an unhealthy environment for children living with the couple.
In which country does a woman need her husband's permission to divorce? israel
t/f Polyamorists are women legally married to more than one man. false
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t/f Civil unions generally have no legal weight outside the state they were performed in. true
Which of the following is true about defining sexuality? Sexual experimentation does not necessarily define sexual orientation.
Regarding the incidence of homosexuality today: there are more gay men than lesbians.
Comparing the finger lengths of lesbians and heterosexual women falls into what theoretical perspective? biological
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Gender-role nonconformity studies of sexual orientation show that: a. cross-gender boys are likely to be harassed by their peers. b. as children, gay men on average are more feminine than straight men. c. gay men report themselves to have been "outsiders" as children. d. All of these are true. e. cross-gender boys are viewed more negatively than cross-gender girls.
hich researcher believed that homosexuality was the result of purely developmental factors, specifically peer interaction? storms
When it comes to young people growing up as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, which of the following statement is TRUE? a. Lesbians tend to determine their sexual orientation later than gay men. b. The presumption of heterosexuality is usually transmitted to young people continually by parents, friends, television, movies, newspapers, magazines, and even the government. c. Young gay or bisexual boys can feel unattached and alienated. e. Overall, gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth have been found to experience higher levels of stigmatization and discrimination than heterosexual youth.
Which of the following is true about children raised by same sex couples? NONE OF THESE a. Children raised by same-sex couples have fewer peer relationships. c. The children of same-sex couples often have psychological problems because they are ridiculed by their peers. d. Children of same-sex couples are more likely to become homosexual. e. Children raised by same-sex couples take longer to realize their gender identities.
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What types of organizations have been formed to meet the needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals? educational c. medical d. political e. religious
Which of the following is an example of heterosexism? Asking a woman if she has a boyfriend.
What is contemporaneous bisexuality? Having sexual partners of both sexes during the same time period.
Biphobia exists in which of the following community/communities? both heterosexual and homosexual
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t/f Kinsey thought that homosexuality was best understood as a continuum of behavior. true
t/f Cross-gender boys are viewed more negatively than cross-gender girls. true
t/f Homosexuality is found only in Western culture false
t/f People who hold negative views of lesbians, gay men and bisexuals are likely to have had lots of contact with homosexuals and bisexuals. false
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 A genetically female infant has ambiguous genitals. This infant would be called:interesexed.
 "Female reproductive system" is to "Müllerian ducts" as "male reproductive system" is to:Wolffian ducts.
 A male is infertile; if the problem is genetic, most likely the diagnosis will be:Klinefelter's syndrome.
 We tend to be rewarded for acquiring appropriate gender roles, according to which theory?social learning
 In most cultures, men are more likely than women to have all of these except:suicide attempts.
 Shahla was raised as a woman, although she has felt like a man for her entire life. She says she feels as though she is trapped inside a female's body. This condition is called:transsexualism
 Most transsexuals:have wanted to be the other gender all their lives.
 Sex reassignment surgery (SRS)sometimes doesn't relieve psychological suffering
 Homosocial playvis universal.
 Research demonstrates that in the typical elementary school classroom in the U.S.:boys get more praise and more criticism than girls.
 t/f Someone with Turner syndrome would look like a genetic female at birthtrue
 t/f Masculine gender roles are always to a male's advantage.false
 ________ is a hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that may contribute to the physical bond between a mother and her infantOxytocin
 Four-year-old Estella knows that she is a girl, but sometimes says things indicating that she thinks she may be a boy in the future. Estella has not yet achieved:gender constancy
 Bert and Alma notice that their son Jeremy's overt sexual behavior declined between early childhood and puberty. This is because:Jeremy has become better at hiding his behavior.
 Same-sex experimentation in preadolescentsis quite common.
 The focus of early 20th century sexuality educ in the U.S.for example, that provided by the American Society of Sanitary and Moral Prophylaxis, was:"venereal disease" prevention.
 In general, outcome studies show that going through an "abstinence-only" educational program is related to:no changes in the likelihood of adolescents delaying sexual intercourse.
 Among the Muria, childhood sexualitys practiced openly, in public.
 The average age for first engaging in sexual intercourse is approximately ________ years.17
 Molly has just taken a virginity pledge. Compared to girls who didn't take this pledge, Molly is more likely to:have an unplanned pregnancy.
 n which of the following countries has sex education been blamed for increased divorce and the destruction of the family?Japan
 t/f Research has found that casual parental nudity around young children is harmful and should be avoided.false
 t/ f The majority of preindustrial cultures consider sex to be an inevitable and harmless aspect of childhood.true
 t/f Caucasian men are more likely than Black and Hispanic men to father a child before the age of twenty.false
 Which of the following are true about trends in marriage? 93% of Americans list marriage as one of their life goals.
b. White adults are more likely to marry than African American or Hispanic adults.
c. Couples are marrying later now than they did thirty years ago.
d. Marriages are as happy now as they were twenty years ago.
 Compared to those who do not cohabit before marriage, those who do cohabit before marriage are:more likely to divorce if they marry
 Overall, those who derive the greatest health benefits from their marital status are:married men.
 What percentage of today's marriages worldwide are arranged?60
 The group with the lowest rate of marriage of any racial group in the United States is:African American women.
 hich of the following is the factors relating to marriage stability according to John Gottman?Satisfying sex life.
b. The ability to resolve conflict.
d. Financial burdens.
e. Quality of friendship with one's spouse.
 A man, woman or couple who openly exchanges sexual partners is called a(n):polyamorist.
 From least to most, which couples are emotionally closest?lesbian relationships, gay male relationships, heterosexual relationships
 Some researchers believe that civil unions will do all of the following EXCEPT:create an unhealthy environment for children living with the couple.
 In which country does a woman need her husband's permission to divorce?israel
 t/f Polyamorists are women legally married to more than one man.false
 t/f Civil unions generally have no legal weight outside the state they were performed in.true
 Which of the following is true about defining sexuality?Sexual experimentation does not necessarily define sexual orientation.
 Regarding the incidence of homosexuality today:there are more gay men than lesbians.
 Comparing the finger lengths of lesbians and heterosexual women falls into what theoretical perspective?biological
 Gender-role nonconformity studies of sexual orientation show that:a. cross-gender boys are likely to be harassed by their peers.
b. as children, gay men on average are more feminine than straight men.
c. gay men report themselves to have been "outsiders" as children.
d. All of these are true.
e. cross-gender boys are viewed more negatively than cross-gender girls.
 hich researcher believed that homosexuality was the result of purely developmental factors, specifically peer interaction?storms
 When it comes to young people growing up as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, which of the following statement is TRUE?a. Lesbians tend to determine their sexual orientation later than gay men.
b. The presumption of heterosexuality is usually transmitted to young people continually by parents, friends, television, movies, newspapers, magazines, and even the government.
c. Young gay or bisexual boys can feel unattached and alienated.
e. Overall, gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth have been found to experience higher levels of stigmatization and discrimination than heterosexual youth.
 Which of the following is true about children raised by same sex couples?NONE OF THESE
a. Children raised by same-sex couples have fewer peer relationships.
c. The children of same-sex couples often have psychological problems because they are ridiculed by their peers.
d. Children of same-sex couples are more likely to become homosexual.
e. Children raised by same-sex couples take longer to realize their gender identities.
 What types of organizations have been formed to meet the needs of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals?educational
c. medical
d. political
e. religious
 Which of the following is an example of heterosexism?Asking a woman if she has a boyfriend.
 What is contemporaneous bisexuality?Having sexual partners of both sexes during the same time period.
 Biphobia exists in which of the following community/communities?both heterosexual and homosexual
 t/f Kinsey thought that homosexuality was best understood as a continuum of behavior.true
 t/f Cross-gender boys are viewed more negatively than cross-gender girls.true
 t/f Homosexuality is found only in Western culturefalse
 t/f People who hold negative views of lesbians, gay men and bisexuals are likely to have had lots of contact with homosexuals and bisexuals.false
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