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Total Wellness Final - Flashcards

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Class:HHP 2603 - TOTAL WELLNESS
Subject:Health and Human Performance
University:Oklahoma State University - Stillwater
Term:Fall 2010
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major risk factors for CVD - tobacco use - high BP - high cholesterol - physical inactivity - obesity - diabetes
major risk factors for breast cancer - age - excess weight - genetic predisposition - alcohol use - estrogen related
congestive heart failure, type, treatment - inability of the heart to supply sufficient blood flow to meet the body's needs - pulmonary edema: fluid accumulates in lungs -reduce cardiac load, little to no salt
atherosclerosis arteries narrowed by fatty deposits
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CHD, CAD, PAD coronary heart disease > both= heart attack or stroke coronary artery disease peripheral arterial disease = pain, loss of affected limb
pulmonary circulation right side, pumps blood to lungs
systematic circulation left side, pumps blood through rest of the body
ischemic stroke blockage in blood vessel
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thrombotic stroke starts in brain
embolic stroke travels to brain
stroke symptoms - numbness or weakness in face or one side of body - loss of speech - dizziness - loss of vision in 1 eye - ask them to smile, say a simple sentence, and raise both arms
lung cancer #1 cause of cancer death
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ABCD's of cancer A- asymmetry B- border irregularity C- color variation D- diameter larger than 1/4th inch
malignant tumor cancerous, capable of spreading
benign tumor not cancerous
prostate cancer detection - urination changes - prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test - digital rectum exam - prostatectomy or other surgery
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testicular cancer most common cancer for males 20-35
melanoma quick spreading cancer formed on mole most dangerous type of skin cancer
air quality index (AQI) measure of local air quality and what it means for health - carbon monoxide - sulfur dioxide - nitrogen dioxide - particulate matter - ground level ozone 0-500 500= greatest level of pollution
energy use and pollution - fossil fuels (85%), nuclear power, renewable energy - conservation and nonpolluting, renewable sources of energy - every gallon of gas= 20 lbs. of carbon dioxide
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smog - heavy traffic - high temperatures - sunny weather - little to no wind
greenhouse effect warming of the earth due to a buildup of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses
protect water supply - take showers, not baths - faucet aerators, water efficient showerheads, water saver toilet - fix leaks - dont pour toxic materials or old medicine down drain
prevent, delay, or lessen aging - challenge your mind - develop physical fitness - eat wisely - maintain healthy weight - don't smoke - recognize & reduce stress - control drinking/ overdependence on meds. - schedule physical exams to detect treatable diseases
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brain death - lack of receptivity & response to external stimuli - absence of spontaneous muscular movement & breathing - absence of observable reflexes - absence of brain activity
medicare 30% of medical costs major health insurance for elderly and disabled
social changes of aging - changing roles and relationships - increased leisure time - moving - losing spouse/ friends - retiring - lower income
palliative care medical care aimed at reducing pain and other discomforting symptoms hospital based or hospice
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passive euthanasia not starting or stopping treatment (usually resulting in death)
multi-infarct dementia caused by series of small strokes or changes in the brain's blood supply that destroy brain tissue
intentional injuries - homicide - assault - gang related - terrorism - hate crimes - school violence - workplace - family & intimate - sexual
home injuries - falls - fires - firearms - poisoning - suffocation/ choking
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main causes of car accidents - speeding - aggressive driving - fatigue/ sleepiness - cell phones/ distractions - alcohol/ drugs
carbon monoxide most common type of gas poisoning
procedures to escape fire don't stop or hide, count heads, don't go back in - feel door, if hot or smoking don't open it, go to window or other escape - crawl, cover mouth & nose, short shallow breaths - stop, drop, roll
steps for emergency -CHECK THE SITUATION: make sure it's safe - CHECK THE VICTIM: head-to-toe exam, signs, symptoms, bleeding - CALL FOR HELP: 9-1-1 - CARE FOR VICTIM: first aid if trained
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victim of rape - tell first friendly person you meet - call police, give location - remember as many facts and details as possible - don't wash or change your clothes - be honest
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 major risk factors for CVD- tobacco use
- high BP
- high cholesterol
- physical inactivity
- obesity
- diabetes
 major risk factors for breast cancer- age
- excess weight
- genetic predisposition
- alcohol use
- estrogen related
 congestive heart failure, type, treatment- inability of the heart to supply sufficient blood flow to meet the body's needs

- pulmonary edema: fluid accumulates in lungs

-reduce cardiac load, little to no salt
 atherosclerosis arteries narrowed by fatty deposits
 CHD, CAD, PADcoronary heart disease > both= heart attack or stroke
coronary artery disease
peripheral arterial disease = pain, loss of affected limb
 pulmonary circulationright side, pumps blood to lungs
 systematic circulationleft side, pumps blood through rest of the body
 ischemic strokeblockage in blood vessel
 thrombotic strokestarts in brain
 embolic stroketravels to brain
 stroke symptoms- numbness or weakness in face or one side of body
- loss of speech
- dizziness
- loss of vision in 1 eye
- ask them to smile, say a simple sentence, and raise both arms
 lung cancer#1 cause of cancer death
 ABCD's of cancerA- asymmetry
B- border irregularity
C- color variation
D- diameter larger than 1/4th inch
 malignant tumorcancerous, capable of spreading
 benign tumornot cancerous
 prostate cancer detection- urination changes
- prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
- digital rectum exam
- prostatectomy or other surgery
 testicular cancermost common cancer for males 20-35
 melanomaquick spreading cancer formed on mole
most dangerous type of skin cancer
 air quality index (AQI)measure of local air quality and what it means for health
- carbon monoxide
- sulfur dioxide
- nitrogen dioxide
- particulate matter
- ground level ozone
0-500 500= greatest level of pollution
 energy use and pollution- fossil fuels (85%), nuclear power, renewable energy
- conservation and nonpolluting, renewable sources of energy
- every gallon of gas= 20 lbs. of carbon dioxide
 smog- heavy traffic
- high temperatures
- sunny weather
- little to no wind
 greenhouse effectwarming of the earth due to a buildup of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses
 protect water supply- take showers, not baths
- faucet aerators, water efficient showerheads, water saver toilet
- fix leaks
- dont pour toxic materials or old medicine down drain
 prevent, delay, or lessen aging- challenge your mind
- develop physical fitness
- eat wisely
- maintain healthy weight
- don't smoke
- recognize & reduce stress
- control drinking/ overdependence on meds.
- schedule physical exams to detect treatable diseases
 brain death- lack of receptivity & response to external stimuli
- absence of spontaneous muscular movement & breathing
- absence of observable reflexes
- absence of brain activity
 medicare30% of medical costs
major health insurance for elderly and disabled
 social changes of aging- changing roles and relationships
- increased leisure time
- moving
- losing spouse/ friends
- retiring
- lower income
 palliative caremedical care aimed at reducing pain and other discomforting symptoms
hospital based or hospice
 passive euthanasianot starting or stopping treatment (usually resulting in death)
 multi-infarct dementiacaused by series of small strokes or changes in the brain's blood supply that destroy brain tissue
 intentional injuries- homicide
- assault
- gang related
- terrorism
- hate crimes
- school violence
- workplace
- family & intimate
- sexual
 home injuries- falls
- fires
- firearms
- poisoning
- suffocation/ choking
 main causes of car accidents- speeding
- aggressive driving
- fatigue/ sleepiness
- cell phones/ distractions
- alcohol/ drugs
 carbon monoxidemost common type of gas poisoning
 procedures to escape firedon't stop or hide, count heads, don't go back in
- feel door, if hot or smoking don't open it, go to window or other escape
- crawl, cover mouth & nose, short shallow breaths
- stop, drop, roll
 steps for emergency-CHECK THE SITUATION: make sure it's safe
- CHECK THE VICTIM: head-to-toe exam, signs, symptoms, bleeding
- CALL FOR HELP: 9-1-1
- CARE FOR VICTIM: first aid if trained
 victim of rape - tell first friendly person you meet
- call police, give location
- remember as many facts and details as possible
- don't wash or change your clothes
- be honest
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