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Final - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:HIS 1053 - US His: Civil War To Present
Subject:History
University:University of Texas - San Antonio
Term:Fall 2013
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Interwar Year

Monarchies replaced by dictators

 

Spain

-Italy

-Germany

Blitzkrieg (Sitting War

-Germany Invaded Denmark & Norway

-Germany invades Belgium & Holland

-Germany INvades France

 

Blitzkrieg Tactics Germany would strike quickly then pull back
In the Battle of Britain, What was their secret weapon? Radar because it let them know when Germany was gonna attack before they attacked
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Cash & Carry You pay for what you want, but you have to transport it back/ carry it to your own country
Lend-lease

Started with the British then to other countries

-Credit card

Atlantic Conference (Atlantic Charter)

-FDR and Churchill meted secretly in N. Atlantic

Developed Allied objectives for WWII

 

Roosevelt wanted to repeal the Neutrality Acts because he said it was an ________. Arsenal of Democracy
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Selective Service Act 1st Peace time draft
Tripartite Pact

Created Axis Powers in WWII

They were the Enemies of the U.S.

Who signed the Tripartite Pact?

Japan

Germany

Italy

Who were the allies?

U.S.

Great Britain

Russia/ Soviet

France

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December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor
Why did the U.S. have "Magic"? Japanese would send encrypted mail to each other without knowing that the U.S. had cracked it and so they called it "Magic"
People would gather around the _________. Radio
WWII in Europe

Germany invaded Russia

U.S. wanted to defeat Hitler 1st

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Erwin Romme

General of German Africa Corps.

Middle North Africa

Montgomery

British

Eastern North Africa

Eisenhauer

U.S.

Western North Africa

In North Africa why was it hard for Romme, EIsenhauer, and Montgomery to fight?

They were in the dessert

No water, Hot Temperature, Cold Night

Sand made it harder for cars

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Sicily & Italy

General Patton- U.S.

Montgomery- UK

-Allies invaded it

Normany Invasion (D-Day)

A.k.a. Operation Overload

General EIsenhauer

5 Beaches

Utah & Oklahoma (US)

Gold & Juno (UK)

Sword (Canada)

Battle of the Bulge

*Hitler's last chance for VICTORY

He failed

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What happened at the end of the war?

-Germans surrendered Unconditionally

-Berlin surrendered because they were surrounded by Russia

 

V-Day Victory in Europe
Was Harry Truman involved with the President's Inner Circle? No, he wasn't involved and didn't know anything about the construction of weapons
Japan

-Moved along the Pacific

-Attacked any U.S. possession such as the Philippines after Pearl Harbor

-Singapore fell

-Wanted to conquer E. Australia

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Baton Death March

-Am. or Phillipines captured and were made to walk, starve, and were left in camps

-POW camp "O'Donell"

Battle of Coral Sea (Craft Carrier Battle)

-Take down Papa New Guinea

-Aircraft carriers launched planes and ships never engaged

Japan pulled back

 

Battle of Midway

 

 *1st real victory for US in Pacific

Battle of Guadal Canal *1st battle that gave US a base where they can move to other islands with aircrafts and ships
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China, Burma, India (CBI)

-Over the Hump

-Planes over Burma and India/ over the hump to get to india

-Trying to resupply China

Mariands

Guam

Rota

Tinian

Saipan

Leyte Gulf

-Japanese naval power destroyed

-Manila recaptured and fighting continued

Iwo Jina

Captured and used as a forward base against Japanese homeland

-High Cost

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Okinowa 1st Japanese territory to be captured by US
All Islands did what for the US? They allowed the US to have bases to launch aircrafts to the Japanese
The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.
Los Alamos

Scientists worked there to create atomic bomb

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Atomic Bombs in Los Alamos

1- Test

2-Hiroshima

3-Nagasaki

each costed 2mil

Why did Truman decide to use Atomic Bomb if he didn't know anything about them? Since they were so expensive to build he thought might as well already use them since the money was already spent
Potsdom -Truman confided in British that he had a bomb and he made a decision to use it
Virgin Targets -Had to attack targets that had never been attacked before in order to assess the damage
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War Production

Rationing- Gas, Nylon, Sugar, Shoes

Factories converting from war to domestic products

Kelly Katies Women who went to work leading aircrafts
Wasp Carried aircraft from Europe to war zone
Relocation Centers a.k.a. Concentration Camps

-For Japanese people

-In Arkansas, New Mexico and Arizona

-Most came from California

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E.O. 8802

-Franklin Roosevelt signed it

-ended discrimination in war industry hiring practice

-Truman ended War

G.I. Bill

Service men readjustment bill

-Gave benefits to veterans coming back from WWII

 

 

Baby Boom After WWII

When military came home from WWII baby boom happened

Men replaced women from workforce and women were more at home so more babies were made

The beginning of the ________ happened right after WWII Civil Rights Movement
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Cold War Development

Yalta Agreement:

Franklin Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalon decided how they were going to divide the world Europe and China

 

Eastern Europe fell under control of Soviet Union
Conatinment Policy
If US can contain Soviet Union in place, then communism will collapse
George F. Kennan

Top Soviet Expert

Helped with Containment policy

Generated by Koofers.com
Berlin Airlift

-Kept Berlin Free from Communism

-Germany closed all entrances to Berlin so aircrafts landed in airport to supply people with goods in order to survive and keep them free from communism

-Largest Aircraft

Truman Doctrine

Truman said US will support any free country from Communism outside or Russia

 

Marshall Plan -US tried to aid Europe and gave them money but they refused to take it because they were under control of Soviets
NATO Set up to prevent another war such as WWII from happening again
Generated by Koofers.com
Point 4 Programs=US foreign Policy

1-US will support UN

2.Marshall Plan- Us will provide economic aid

3.NATO- US will participate in NATO

4.Technical/Agriculture- Provide tech and agr. support

 

BY Truman

Point 4 Program was created to... Help countries with money to be free from communism
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List View: Terms & Definitions

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 Interwar Year

Monarchies replaced by dictators

 

Spain

-Italy

-Germany

 Blitzkrieg (Sitting War

-Germany Invaded Denmark & Norway

-Germany invades Belgium & Holland

-Germany INvades France

 

 Blitzkrieg TacticsGermany would strike quickly then pull back
 In the Battle of Britain, What was their secret weapon?Radar because it let them know when Germany was gonna attack before they attacked
 Cash & CarryYou pay for what you want, but you have to transport it back/ carry it to your own country
 Lend-lease

Started with the British then to other countries

-Credit card

 Atlantic Conference (Atlantic Charter)

-FDR and Churchill meted secretly in N. Atlantic

Developed Allied objectives for WWII

 

 Roosevelt wanted to repeal the Neutrality Acts because he said it was an ________.Arsenal of Democracy
 Selective Service Act1st Peace time draft
 Tripartite Pact

Created Axis Powers in WWII

They were the Enemies of the U.S.

 Who signed the Tripartite Pact?

Japan

Germany

Italy

 Who were the allies?

U.S.

Great Britain

Russia/ Soviet

France

 December 7, 1941Pearl Harbor
 Why did the U.S. have "Magic"?Japanese would send encrypted mail to each other without knowing that the U.S. had cracked it and so they called it "Magic"
 People would gather around the _________.Radio
 WWII in Europe

Germany invaded Russia

U.S. wanted to defeat Hitler 1st

 Erwin Romme

General of German Africa Corps.

Middle North Africa

 Montgomery

British

Eastern North Africa

 Eisenhauer

U.S.

Western North Africa

 In North Africa why was it hard for Romme, EIsenhauer, and Montgomery to fight?

They were in the dessert

No water, Hot Temperature, Cold Night

Sand made it harder for cars

 Sicily & Italy

General Patton- U.S.

Montgomery- UK

-Allies invaded it

 Normany Invasion (D-Day)

A.k.a. Operation Overload

General EIsenhauer

 5 Beaches

Utah & Oklahoma (US)

Gold & Juno (UK)

Sword (Canada)

 Battle of the Bulge

*Hitler's last chance for VICTORY

He failed

 What happened at the end of the war?

-Germans surrendered Unconditionally

-Berlin surrendered because they were surrounded by Russia

 

 V-DayVictory in Europe
 Was Harry Truman involved with the President's Inner Circle?No, he wasn't involved and didn't know anything about the construction of weapons
 Japan

-Moved along the Pacific

-Attacked any U.S. possession such as the Philippines after Pearl Harbor

-Singapore fell

-Wanted to conquer E. Australia

 Baton Death March

-Am. or Phillipines captured and were made to walk, starve, and were left in camps

-POW camp "O'Donell"

 Battle of Coral Sea (Craft Carrier Battle)

-Take down Papa New Guinea

-Aircraft carriers launched planes and ships never engaged

Japan pulled back

 

 Battle of Midway

 

 *1st real victory for US in Pacific

 Battle of Guadal Canal*1st battle that gave US a base where they can move to other islands with aircrafts and ships
 China, Burma, India (CBI)

-Over the Hump

-Planes over Burma and India/ over the hump to get to india

-Trying to resupply China

 Mariands

Guam

Rota

Tinian

Saipan

 Leyte Gulf

-Japanese naval power destroyed

-Manila recaptured and fighting continued

 Iwo Jina

Captured and used as a forward base against Japanese homeland

-High Cost

 Okinowa1st Japanese territory to be captured by US
 All Islands did what for the US?They allowed the US to have bases to launch aircrafts to the Japanese
 The Manhattan ProjectThe Manhattan Project was a research and development project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II.
 Los Alamos

Scientists worked there to create atomic bomb

 Atomic Bombs in Los Alamos

1- Test

2-Hiroshima

3-Nagasaki

each costed 2mil

 Why did Truman decide to use Atomic Bomb if he didn't know anything about them?Since they were so expensive to build he thought might as well already use them since the money was already spent
 Potsdom-Truman confided in British that he had a bomb and he made a decision to use it
 Virgin Targets-Had to attack targets that had never been attacked before in order to assess the damage
 War Production

Rationing- Gas, Nylon, Sugar, Shoes

Factories converting from war to domestic products

 Kelly KatiesWomen who went to work leading aircrafts
 WaspCarried aircraft from Europe to war zone
 Relocation Centers a.k.a. Concentration Camps

-For Japanese people

-In Arkansas, New Mexico and Arizona

-Most came from California

 E.O. 8802

-Franklin Roosevelt signed it

-ended discrimination in war industry hiring practice

-Truman ended War

 G.I. Bill

Service men readjustment bill

-Gave benefits to veterans coming back from WWII

 

 

 Baby Boom After WWII

When military came home from WWII baby boom happened

Men replaced women from workforce and women were more at home so more babies were made

 The beginning of the ________ happened right after WWIICivil Rights Movement
 Cold War Development

Yalta Agreement:

Franklin Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalon decided how they were going to divide the world Europe and China

 

 Eastern Europe fell under control ofSoviet Union
 Conatinment Policy
If US can contain Soviet Union in place, then communism will collapse
 George F. Kennan

Top Soviet Expert

Helped with Containment policy

 Berlin Airlift

-Kept Berlin Free from Communism

-Germany closed all entrances to Berlin so aircrafts landed in airport to supply people with goods in order to survive and keep them free from communism

-Largest Aircraft

 Truman Doctrine

Truman said US will support any free country from Communism outside or Russia

 

 Marshall Plan-US tried to aid Europe and gave them money but they refused to take it because they were under control of Soviets
 NATOSet up to prevent another war such as WWII from happening again
 Point 4 Programs=US foreign Policy

1-US will support UN

2.Marshall Plan- Us will provide economic aid

3.NATO- US will participate in NATO

4.Technical/Agriculture- Provide tech and agr. support

 

BY Truman

 Point 4 Program was created to...Help countries with money to be free from communism
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