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2011 midterm exam - Flashcards

Flashcard Deck Information

Class:HIST 104 - United States since 1877
Subject:History
University:University of North Dakota
Term:Fall 2011
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      Mode:   CARDS LIST       ? pages   PRINT EXIT
18th amendment

 

federal prohibition

 

19th amendment

 

votes for women

13th amendment

 

granted emancipation

end of slavery

14th amendment

 

granted citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in the US

Generated by Koofers.com
15th amendment

 

anyone who is a citizen under the 14th amendment and male has the right to vote

black codes

 

southern gov't trying to make things as much like slaery as possible, but with going with the US gov't wanted them to do

reconstruction


 

rebuilding former confederacy

getting the south back to normal

emancipation


 

release of AA's

 

 

getting rights for blacks to be equal to whites

Generated by Koofers.com
restoration
to restore confederates back into the Union
redemption


 

 

process of restoring conservative Democratic rule in the south

 

agribusiness
large-scale farms run as a business
Dawes Severalty Act 1887


 

 

divided communal tribal land and undermined tribal sovereignty

Generated by Koofers.com
Homestead Act of 1862


 

 

enabled white men and unmarried women to claim free or inexpensive land on the frontier

Morrill Act (1862)


 

 

authorized "land grant" colleges and promoted

Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (1883)
reformed the Spoils System, calling for gov't appointments to be made based on merit rather than politics
Grange
national organization of farm owners that focused its attention on Railroad Corporations
Generated by Koofers.com
Farmer's Alliance


 

 

broad mass movement in the rural south and west that gained significant political influence in the grea plains states

Nativism


 

 

favoring the interests and culture of native-born inhabitants over those of immigrants

Plessy vs. Ferguson


 

 

supreme court decision that upheld the "separate but equal" doctrine

American Federation of Labor


 

 

labor union that promised good relations with wge earners in return for better working conditions and higher wages

Generated by Koofers.com
Gospel of Wealth


 

 

imbued the pursuit of money with religious zeal

Gilded Age


 

 

era characterized by conspicuous and greater class differentiation

Jim Crow


 

 

law designed to foster segregation

Horizontal Integration (or combination)


 

 

gaining control of the market for a single product

Generated by Koofers.com
Vertical Integration


 

 

controlling every stage of production, from raw materials to merchandising finished products

"White Man's Burden"


 

 

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fghuyfghb

Initiative


 

 

citizens can place specific measures on the state or local ballot through a perition process

Referendum


 

 

submission of a law to direct popular vote for approva or rejection

Generated by Koofers.com
Recall


 

 

right to remove elected officials by popular vote

Direct Primary


 

 

election the permits voters to cross party lines

Muckraking


 

 

journalism exposing economic, social, and political evils

Prohibition


 

 

ban on the production, sale , and consumption of alcohol

Generated by Koofers.com
Monroe Doctrine


 

 

challenged the right of any European nation to establish new colonies in the New World

 

Roosevelt Corollary


 

 

asseered the USA's right to intervene politically and militarily anywhere in the western hemisphere

Imperialism


 

 

exploiting nations and peoples for hte benefit of a more powerful antion through military occupation, colonial rule, or economic domination

Great Migration


 

 

mass movement of AA from rural South to urban North in search of job opportunities

Generated by Koofers.com
League of Nations


 

 

intetnational organization intended to resolve disputes; US refused to join

14 points


 

 

US war aims, later recast as a plan for recontructing Europe

Red Scare


 

 

public hysteria used to repress radicalism and target certain ethnic groups

Welfare Capitalism


 

 

paternalistic system of labor relations

Generated by Koofers.com
Reed-Johnson National Origins Act of 1924


 

 

instituted a more restrictive quota for European countries of 3% of the number of its natives counted in the 1910 census

Harlem Renaissance


 

 

new AA cultural awareness that flourished in the arts during the 1920's

"New Negro"


 

 

optimistic view of clack culture and experiences

Modernity


 

 

term referring to industrial society or verious aspects of modern life

Generated by Koofers.com
League of Women Voters


 

 

educated female electorate and supported protective laws

$5 Day


 

 

program initiated by Henry ford to decrease worker turnover and increase demand for his products

Eugenics


 

 

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hfxcgh

tdfgjyhiu

Bonus Army


 

 

unemployed WW1 veterans demanding advance payment of service bonuses

Generated by Koofers.com
New Deal


 

 

improvides series of reform and relief measures intended to combat the great Depression

Emergency Banking Act


 

 

gave the president broad authority over private banks

Tennessee Valley Authority


 

 

provided electric power and encouraged economic development inthe South

National Industrial Recovery Act


 

 

1933 attempt at a systematic plan for economic recovery

Generated by Koofers.com
National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)


 

 

protected collective bargaining and formation of trade unions

First New Deal


 

 

series of emergency programs that provided aid to farmers, banking reform, and publuc employment

Second New Deal


 

 

social reform through large-scale public works programs and protections for unions, the elderly, the unemployed, and other needy groups

Civilian Consevation Corps


 

 

hired unemployed young men to protect and conserve natural resources

Generated by Koofers.com
Agricultural Adjustment Administration


 

 

increased prices for wheat, cotton and corn, but encouraged the destruction of food needed by others

Public Works Administration


 

 

federal public works projects to increase employment and consumer spending (1933)

Social Security Act


 

 

payroll tax on workers and emplyers provided retirement pensions, enemployment compensation, and aid to mothers, children, and the blind

Works Progress Administration


 

 

$5 billion allocation for large-scale publuc works and community service projects for writers, artists, musicians and actors

Generated by Koofers.com
Fair Labor Standards Act


 

 

established federal minimum wage and maximum work hours

Congress of Industrial Organizations


 

 

alliance of industrial unions focused on large-scale, mass-production industries

Federal Writer's Project


 

 

employed writer's to produce guidebooks for tourists, collect oral histories of former slaves, and support emerging novelists

Dust Bowl


 

 

severe drought and violent dust

Generated by Koofers.com
Indian Reorganization Act


 

 

repealed Dawes Severalty Act

Andrew Johnson


 

 

led presidential reconstruction

"Boss" Tweed


 

 

sdjaf

asdfkj

fskdfjklsdjf

Theodore Roosevelt


 

 

promoted a "big stick" approach to foreign policy

Generated by Koofers.com
Jane Addams


 

 

improving living conditions in urban immigrant neighborhoods

Al Smith


 

 

unsafe and unhealthy working conditions

Jacob Riis


 

 

conditions for recent immigrants

Upton Sinclair


 

 

food safety

California gubernatorial candidate who proposed old age pensions

Generated by Koofers.com
Woodrow Wilson


 

 

greater federal role in reulating business and the economy

 

champion of free trade

Booker T. Washington


 

 

racial accommodation

Dorothea Lange


 

 

photographer who documented suffering during hte Great Depression

Generated by Koofers.com

List View: Terms & Definitions

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 18th amendment

 

federal prohibition

 

 19th amendment

 

votes for women

 13th amendment

 

granted emancipation

end of slavery

 14th amendment

 

granted citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in the US

 15th amendment

 

anyone who is a citizen under the 14th amendment and male has the right to vote

 black codes

 

southern gov't trying to make things as much like slaery as possible, but with going with the US gov't wanted them to do

 reconstruction


 

rebuilding former confederacy

getting the south back to normal

 emancipation


 

release of AA's

 

 

getting rights for blacks to be equal to whites

 restoration
to restore confederates back into the Union
 redemption


 

 

process of restoring conservative Democratic rule in the south

 

 agribusiness
large-scale farms run as a business
 Dawes Severalty Act 1887


 

 

divided communal tribal land and undermined tribal sovereignty

 Homestead Act of 1862


 

 

enabled white men and unmarried women to claim free or inexpensive land on the frontier

 Morrill Act (1862)


 

 

authorized "land grant" colleges and promoted

 Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act (1883)
reformed the Spoils System, calling for gov't appointments to be made based on merit rather than politics
 Grange
national organization of farm owners that focused its attention on Railroad Corporations
 Farmer's Alliance


 

 

broad mass movement in the rural south and west that gained significant political influence in the grea plains states

 Nativism


 

 

favoring the interests and culture of native-born inhabitants over those of immigrants

 Plessy vs. Ferguson


 

 

supreme court decision that upheld the "separate but equal" doctrine

 American Federation of Labor


 

 

labor union that promised good relations with wge earners in return for better working conditions and higher wages

 Gospel of Wealth


 

 

imbued the pursuit of money with religious zeal

 Gilded Age


 

 

era characterized by conspicuous and greater class differentiation

 Jim Crow


 

 

law designed to foster segregation

 Horizontal Integration (or combination)


 

 

gaining control of the market for a single product

 Vertical Integration


 

 

controlling every stage of production, from raw materials to merchandising finished products

 "White Man's Burden"


 

 

dfkhlhf

jhbcf

fghuyfghb

 Initiative


 

 

citizens can place specific measures on the state or local ballot through a perition process

 Referendum


 

 

submission of a law to direct popular vote for approva or rejection

 Recall


 

 

right to remove elected officials by popular vote

 Direct Primary


 

 

election the permits voters to cross party lines

 Muckraking


 

 

journalism exposing economic, social, and political evils

 Prohibition


 

 

ban on the production, sale , and consumption of alcohol

 Monroe Doctrine


 

 

challenged the right of any European nation to establish new colonies in the New World

 

 Roosevelt Corollary


 

 

asseered the USA's right to intervene politically and militarily anywhere in the western hemisphere

 Imperialism


 

 

exploiting nations and peoples for hte benefit of a more powerful antion through military occupation, colonial rule, or economic domination

 Great Migration


 

 

mass movement of AA from rural South to urban North in search of job opportunities

 League of Nations


 

 

intetnational organization intended to resolve disputes; US refused to join

 14 points


 

 

US war aims, later recast as a plan for recontructing Europe

 Red Scare


 

 

public hysteria used to repress radicalism and target certain ethnic groups

 Welfare Capitalism


 

 

paternalistic system of labor relations

 Reed-Johnson National Origins Act of 1924


 

 

instituted a more restrictive quota for European countries of 3% of the number of its natives counted in the 1910 census

 Harlem Renaissance


 

 

new AA cultural awareness that flourished in the arts during the 1920's

 "New Negro"


 

 

optimistic view of clack culture and experiences

 Modernity


 

 

term referring to industrial society or verious aspects of modern life

 League of Women Voters


 

 

educated female electorate and supported protective laws

 $5 Day


 

 

program initiated by Henry ford to decrease worker turnover and increase demand for his products

 Eugenics


 

 

lkjgfg

hfxcgh

tdfgjyhiu

 Bonus Army


 

 

unemployed WW1 veterans demanding advance payment of service bonuses

 New Deal


 

 

improvides series of reform and relief measures intended to combat the great Depression

 Emergency Banking Act


 

 

gave the president broad authority over private banks

 Tennessee Valley Authority


 

 

provided electric power and encouraged economic development inthe South

 National Industrial Recovery Act


 

 

1933 attempt at a systematic plan for economic recovery

 National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)


 

 

protected collective bargaining and formation of trade unions

 First New Deal


 

 

series of emergency programs that provided aid to farmers, banking reform, and publuc employment

 Second New Deal


 

 

social reform through large-scale public works programs and protections for unions, the elderly, the unemployed, and other needy groups

 Civilian Consevation Corps


 

 

hired unemployed young men to protect and conserve natural resources

 Agricultural Adjustment Administration


 

 

increased prices for wheat, cotton and corn, but encouraged the destruction of food needed by others

 Public Works Administration


 

 

federal public works projects to increase employment and consumer spending (1933)

 Social Security Act


 

 

payroll tax on workers and emplyers provided retirement pensions, enemployment compensation, and aid to mothers, children, and the blind

 Works Progress Administration


 

 

$5 billion allocation for large-scale publuc works and community service projects for writers, artists, musicians and actors

 Fair Labor Standards Act


 

 

established federal minimum wage and maximum work hours

 Congress of Industrial Organizations


 

 

alliance of industrial unions focused on large-scale, mass-production industries

 Federal Writer's Project


 

 

employed writer's to produce guidebooks for tourists, collect oral histories of former slaves, and support emerging novelists

 Dust Bowl


 

 

severe drought and violent dust

 Indian Reorganization Act


 

 

repealed Dawes Severalty Act

 Andrew Johnson


 

 

led presidential reconstruction

 "Boss" Tweed


 

 

sdjaf

asdfkj

fskdfjklsdjf

 Theodore Roosevelt


 

 

promoted a "big stick" approach to foreign policy

 Jane Addams


 

 

improving living conditions in urban immigrant neighborhoods

 Al Smith


 

 

unsafe and unhealthy working conditions

 Jacob Riis


 

 

conditions for recent immigrants

 Upton Sinclair


 

 

food safety

California gubernatorial candidate who proposed old age pensions

 Woodrow Wilson


 

 

greater federal role in reulating business and the economy

 

champion of free trade

 Booker T. Washington


 

 

racial accommodation

 Dorothea Lange


 

 

photographer who documented suffering during hte Great Depression

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