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Class:HIST 111 - U.S. History to 1865
Subject:History
University:Radford University
Term:Fall 2010
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James Polk 1844, believed in Manifest Destiny/physical expanison
Texas 1844: accepted as a state 1846:142,000 population of TX
1845-1847 War with Mexico in order to gain more land, like TX, so we took it, when we won we reached the Pacific Ocean
1848 Election issues with new territories came up alot--- new political party: free soil party "free soil, free labor, free men" wanted to ban slavery in all new territories
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1850 California became state, brought conflict with even amount of slave and free states, but citizens petioned to be free state--- made southerns worry about size of free state---caused strong fugitive slave law
Compromise of 1850 1. CA=free state 2. slave trade in D.C. abolished 3. fugitive slave law
Fugitive Slave Law background: north wasnt helping south capture runaway slaves. Law made knowing about runaway slaves and doing nothing about it a crime, forced north to get invovled which pissed them off---- caused people to take sides caused sectional crisis
John Brown radical abolitionist, believed slave owners would never volunteraly give up slaves, slavery would not end without bloodshed. killed numerous pro-slavery settlers in 1856
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Fall 1859/ October, 16th John Brown raids Harpers ferry with 24 whites&former slave including his sons. Attacked the federal armory at harpers ferry in hopes to steal weapons and give them to slaves in order to cause uprise throughout the south. Got cornered in armory by miltia led by Robert E. Lee who were able to capture John Brown and surivors. hung in charlestown because of martyr. He did not free a single slave, but brought the US to the edge of the civil war
Affects of Harpers Ferry Raid 1. energized northern efforts 2. south believed all northerns thought like John Brown & were scared 3. south began to turn inward, shut off from north 4. abolitionist books banned in south 5. a middle ground on issue dissappered
Election of 1860 south worried about northern oppinion b/c of John Brown--- election was very important (if president friendly with abolionists south would succeed) power went from VA in 1840 to SC in 1860
South Carolina most important state in south and most radical. southern states listend to SC.
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 James Polk 1844, believed in Manifest Destiny/physical expanison
 Texas1844: accepted as a state 1846:142,000 population of TX
 1845-1847War with Mexico in order to gain more land, like TX, so we took it, when we won we reached the Pacific Ocean
 1848 Election issues with new territories came up alot--- new political party: free soil party "free soil, free labor, free men" wanted to ban slavery in all new territories
 1850California became state, brought conflict with even amount of slave and free states, but citizens petioned to be free state--- made southerns worry about size of free state---caused strong fugitive slave law
 Compromise of 18501. CA=free state 2. slave trade in D.C. abolished 3. fugitive slave law
 Fugitive Slave Lawbackground: north wasnt helping south capture runaway slaves. Law made knowing about runaway slaves and doing nothing about it a crime, forced north to get invovled which pissed them off---- caused people to take sides caused sectional crisis
 John Brownradical abolitionist, believed slave owners would never volunteraly give up slaves, slavery would not end without bloodshed. killed numerous pro-slavery settlers in 1856
 Fall 1859/ October, 16thJohn Brown raids Harpers ferry with 24 whites&former slave including his sons. Attacked the federal armory at harpers ferry in hopes to steal weapons and give them to slaves in order to cause uprise throughout the south. Got cornered in armory by miltia led by Robert E. Lee who were able to capture John Brown and surivors. hung in charlestown because of martyr. He did not free a single slave, but brought the US to the edge of the civil war
 Affects of Harpers Ferry Raid1. energized northern efforts 2. south believed all northerns thought like John Brown & were scared 3. south began to turn inward, shut off from north 4. abolitionist books banned in south 5. a middle ground on issue dissappered
 Election of 1860south worried about northern oppinion b/c of John Brown--- election was very important (if president friendly with abolionists south would succeed) power went from VA in 1840 to SC in 1860
 South Carolinamost important state in south and most radical. southern states listend to SC.
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