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Urinary System - Flashcards

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Class:HSC 201 - Medical Terminology
Subject:Health Sciences
University:Central Michigan University
Term:Fall 2009
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albuminuria presence of serum protein in the urine
antidiuretic pertaining to a medication that decreases urine selection
anuria without the formation of urine
bacteriuria presence of bacteria in the urine
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calciuria presence of calcium in the urine
cystectomy surgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
cystocele hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina
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cystodynia pain in the bladder
cystogram x-ray record of the bladder
cystolithectomy surgical excision of a stone from the bladder
cystoscope instrument used for examination of the bladder
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dialysis procedure to separate waste material from the blood and to maintain fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance in impaired kidney function
diuresis condition of increased or excessive flow of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
enuresis condition of involuntary emission of urine; bedwetting
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glomerular pertaining to the glomerulus
glomerulitis inflammation of the renal glomeruli
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli
glycosuria presence of glucose in the urine
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hematuria presence of blood in the urine
hydronephrosis condition in which urine collects int he renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow thereby forming distention and atrophy of the kidney
hypercalciuria excessive amount of calcium in the urine
incontinence inability to hold or control urination or defecation
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ketonuria presence of ketones in the urine resulting from breakdown of fats due to faulty carbohydrate metabolism
meatotomy incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
micturition process of urination
nephrectomy surgical excision of a kidney
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nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrocystitis inflammation of the bladder and the kidney
nephrolith kidney stone, calculus
nephrology study of the kidney
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nephroma kidney tumor
nephropathy disease of the kidney
nephrosclerosis condition of hardening of the kidney
nocturia excessive urination during the night
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oliguria scanty urination
periurethral pertaining to around the urethra
polyuria excessive urination
pyelolithotomy surgical incision into the renal pelvis for removal of a stone
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pyelonephritis inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
pyuria pus in the urine
renal pertaining to the kidney
trigonitis inflammation of the trigone of the bladder
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uremia excess of urea, creatine, and other nitrogenous end products of protein and amino acid metabolism accumulated in the blood
ureterocolostomy surgical implantation of the ureter into the colon
ureteropathy disease of the ureter
ureteroplasty surgical repair of the ureter
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urethralgia pain in the urethra
urethroperineal pertaining to the urethra and perineum
urinalysis analysis of urine; separating of the urine for examination to determine the presence of abnormal elements
urination process of voiding urine
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urinometer instrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine
urobilin brown pigment formed by the oxidation of urobilnogen
urologist physician who specializes in the study of the urinary system
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 albuminuriapresence of serum protein in the urine
 antidiureticpertaining to a medication that decreases urine selection
 anuriawithout the formation of urine
 bacteriuriapresence of bacteria in the urine
 calciuriapresence of calcium in the urine
 cystectomysurgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder
 cystitisinflammation of the bladder
 cystocelehernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina
 cystodyniapain in the bladder
 cystogramx-ray record of the bladder
 cystolithectomysurgical excision of a stone from the bladder
 cystoscopeinstrument used for examination of the bladder
 dialysisprocedure to separate waste material from the blood and to maintain fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance in impaired kidney function
 diuresiscondition of increased or excessive flow of urine
 dysuriadifficult or painful urination
 enuresiscondition of involuntary emission of urine; bedwetting
 glomerularpertaining to the glomerulus
 glomerulitisinflammation of the renal glomeruli
 glomerulonephritisinflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli
 glycosuriapresence of glucose in the urine
 hematuriapresence of blood in the urine
 hydronephrosiscondition in which urine collects int he renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow thereby forming distention and atrophy of the kidney
 hypercalciuriaexcessive amount of calcium in the urine
 incontinenceinability to hold or control urination or defecation
 ketonuriapresence of ketones in the urine resulting from breakdown of fats due to faulty carbohydrate metabolism
 meatotomyincision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
 micturitionprocess of urination
 nephrectomysurgical excision of a kidney
 nephritisinflammation of the kidney
 nephrocystitisinflammation of the bladder and the kidney
 nephrolithkidney stone, calculus
 nephrologystudy of the kidney
 nephromakidney tumor
 nephropathydisease of the kidney
 nephrosclerosiscondition of hardening of the kidney
 nocturiaexcessive urination during the night
 oliguriascanty urination
 periurethralpertaining to around the urethra
 polyuriaexcessive urination
 pyelolithotomysurgical incision into the renal pelvis for removal of a stone
 pyelonephritisinflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
 pyuriapus in the urine
 renalpertaining to the kidney
 trigonitisinflammation of the trigone of the bladder
 uremiaexcess of urea, creatine, and other nitrogenous end products of protein and amino acid metabolism accumulated in the blood
 ureterocolostomysurgical implantation of the ureter into the colon
 ureteropathydisease of the ureter
 ureteroplastysurgical repair of the ureter
 urethralgiapain in the urethra
 urethroperinealpertaining to the urethra and perineum
 urinalysisanalysis of urine; separating of the urine for examination to determine the presence of abnormal elements
 urinationprocess of voiding urine
 urinometerinstrument used to measure the specific gravity of urine
 urobilinbrown pigment formed by the oxidation of urobilnogen
 urologistphysician who specializes in the study of the urinary system
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