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Final Exam - Flashcards

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Class:HUM 2232 - Hum Renaissance and Baroque
Subject:HUM: Humanities
University:Valencia Community College
Term:Fall 2013
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St. Ignatius Loyola A soldier in the army of King Charles I of Spain. Converted  Muslims to Christianity . Founded the Society of Jesus.
Council of Trent Met between 1545 and 1563. Reconfirmed all seven of the sacraments.
Jesuits Calling for a militant return to fundamental Catholic dogma and the strict enforcement of traditional church teachings
Virgin of Guadalupe Also known as our lady of Guadalupe. Virgin Mary appeared asking for a church that honors her is to be built. Shrine of her is housed in Mexico city, second most frequently visited religious shrine in the world.
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St. Teresa of Avila The "roving nun" . Shared her visions of firsthand experience of frequent visitations by Jesus Christ over a 2 year period. Her experience was psychical.
Richard Crashaw Wrote religious poems. One being "The  Flaming Heart"
Baroque Associated with features as ornateness, spatial grandeur, and theatrical flamboyance.
Caravaggio Leading Italian painter of the seventeenth century. Work of arts such as,The Calling of St. Matthew, The Supper at Emmaus, and The Crucifixion of St. Pete
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The Supper at Emmaus
The Crucifixion of Saint Peter
Gian Lorenzo Bernini Chief architect of seventeenth-century Rome and one of its  leading sculptors. Works of art included Piazza of St. Peter’s, Cornaro Chapel and The Ecstasy of St. Teresa, and  David.
Piazza of Saint Peter's
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Cornaro Chapel and The Ecstasy of St. Teresa
David
Francesco Borromini Italian Baroque architect. He designed the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
Designed by Borromini
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Andrea Pozzo Jesuit architect and sculptor. Made the ceiling above the clerestory appear to open up, so that the viewer gazes "through" the roof into the heavens that receive the levitating body of the saint.
Created by Andrea Pozzo
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina Most notable representative of the Roman school of musical composition. Also created the music Missa Papae Marcelli(Pope Marcellus Mass.
Giovanni Gabrieli Principal organist, and one of the most influential composers of his time. He created In Ecclesiis
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Claudio Monteverdi First master of Baroque music-drama and the greatest Italian composer of the early seventeenth century . Wrote L’Orfeo
Arias vocal line that was accompanied by elaborate solo songs and duets.
Overture Orchestral introduction
Recitatives passages spoken or recited to sparse chordal accompaniment
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chiaroscuro strong contrasts between light and dark in a work of art
illusionism work of art shares the psychical space with the viewer
Louis XIV
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 St. Ignatius LoyolaA soldier in the army of King Charles I of Spain. Converted  Muslims to Christianity . Founded the Society of Jesus.
 Council of TrentMet between 1545 and 1563. Reconfirmed all seven of the sacraments.
 JesuitsCalling for a militant return to fundamental Catholic dogma and the strict enforcement of traditional church teachings
 Virgin of GuadalupeAlso known as our lady of Guadalupe. Virgin Mary appeared asking for a church that honors her is to be built. Shrine of her is housed in Mexico city, second most frequently visited religious shrine in the world.
 St. Teresa of AvilaThe "roving nun" . Shared her visions of firsthand experience of frequent visitations by Jesus Christ over a 2 year period. Her experience was psychical.
 Richard CrashawWrote religious poems. One being "The  Flaming Heart"
 BaroqueAssociated with features as ornateness, spatial grandeur, and theatrical flamboyance.
 CaravaggioLeading Italian painter of the seventeenth century. Work of arts such as,The Calling of St. Matthew, The Supper at Emmaus, and The Crucifixion of St. Pete
  The Supper at Emmaus
  The Crucifixion of Saint Peter
 Gian Lorenzo BerniniChief architect of seventeenth-century Rome and one of its  leading sculptors. Works of art included Piazza of St. Peter’s, Cornaro Chapel and The Ecstasy of St. Teresa, and  David.
  Piazza of Saint Peter's
  Cornaro Chapel and The Ecstasy of St. Teresa
  David
 Francesco BorrominiItalian Baroque architect. He designed the San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane
  Designed by Borromini
 Andrea PozzoJesuit architect and sculptor. Made the ceiling above the clerestory appear to open up, so that the viewer gazes "through" the roof into the heavens that receive the levitating body of the saint.
  Created by Andrea Pozzo
 Giovanni Pierluigi da PalestrinaMost notable representative of the Roman school of musical composition. Also created the music Missa Papae Marcelli(Pope Marcellus Mass.
 Giovanni GabrieliPrincipal organist, and one of the most influential composers of his time. He created In Ecclesiis
 Claudio MonteverdiFirst master of Baroque music-drama and the greatest Italian composer of the early seventeenth century . Wrote L’Orfeo
 Ariasvocal line that was accompanied by elaborate solo songs and duets.
 OvertureOrchestral introduction
 Recitativespassages spoken or recited to sparse chordal accompaniment
 chiaroscurostrong contrasts between light and dark in a work of art
 illusionismwork of art shares the psychical space with the viewer
 Louis XIV 
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